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研究生:何延平
研究生(外文):Ho, Yen-ping
論文名稱:網路協同問題解決教學法應用在軍事想定教學之研究
論文名稱(外文):A WEB-BASED ARCHITECTURE FOR IMPLEMENTING COLLABORATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING METHODS IN MILITARY SCENARIO TRAINING
指導教授:廖述賢廖述賢引用關係孫秉良孫秉良引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liao, Shu-hsienSun, Bing-Leung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防管理學院
系所名稱:資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:協同問題解決網路教學地理資訊系統軍事想定訓練資訊系統
外文關鍵詞:Collaborative problem solvingWeb-based architectureGeographical information systemsMilitary scenario trainingInformation systems
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為確保戰力,俾利在任何時間及地點投入戰場,部隊的有效訓練極為重要。在支援協同決策制定及問題解決的課堂訓練上,軍事想定係為一種工具或場景,它提供了軍官戰術訓練的方法,經由軍事想定教學之揮、管制訓練程序,模擬產生戰場狀況,進而針對狀況實施分析,產生相關計畫,分析利弊,制定決策,以獲得知識及經驗。
本研究將軍事想定訓練視為一種問題解決程序及協同問題解決的方法。因此,本研究提出一個以網路為基礎的系統架構,整合軍事訓練教材、想定個案庫、資料庫、及地理資訊系統(GIS),完成以網路協同問題解決教學法運用在軍事想定訓練之研究。研究中採用某海軍想定個案做為系統雛形展示之用,同時以線上系統評量對使用者之試用反應提出系統性之評估探討。

Effective training of military troops is critical for keeping them well prepared to engage in any form of conflict at any time and any places. The military scenario is a tool or environment that supports the classroom training in collaborative decision-making and problem solving. It offers a method to train officers by simulating battlefield situations to analyze situations, generate plans, make decision, and acquire knowledge and experience from the scenario training procedure.
This paper investigates that military scenario training is a problem-solving procedure, and that collaboration is a method to solve problems. For this, this paper proposes a web-based system architecture that incorporates the functions of military training materials, scenario case base, database, and geographical information systems (GIS) in terms of integrating web-based and collaborative problem solving methods in military scenario training. A scenario case is presented as an example of system implementation. Observations of on-line system evaluation from subjects are also described.

第一章 緒論………………………………………. 1
1.1研究背景與動機..………………………….…… 1
1.1.1研究背景……………………………..………. 1
1.1.2研究動機………………………………..……. 1
1.2研究問題與目的…………………………..……….2
1.2.1存在之問題……………………………………. 2
1.2.2待答問題………………………………………. 3
1.2.3研究目的………………………………………. 4
1.3研究方法與流程…………………………………… 5
1.4研究範圍與限制…………………………………… 6
1.4.1研究範圍………………………………….…… 6
1.4.2研究限制………………………………………. 6
1.5論文架構…………………………………………… 8
第二章 理論與文獻探討………………………….. 10
2.1軍事想定教學之實施……………………………… 10
2.1.1何謂軍事想定…………………………………. 10
2.1.2軍事想定指揮與管制程序…………………….. 12
2.1.2.1指揮與管制作業程序的意義………………. 12
2.1.2.2軍事問題解決之思維理則………………….. 12
2.1.2.3以軍事問題解決思維理則發展之指揮與管制
作業程序……………………………………... 13
2.1.3軍事想定之教學效益………….……………… 15
2.2協同問題解決教學法……………………………….15
2.2.1何謂協同問題解決教學法……………………. 15
2.2.2協同問題解決教學法之理論………….……… 17
2.2.3協同問題解決教學法之應用時機及限制……. 19
2.2.4協同問題解決教學法之指導方針與過程活動. 21
2.2.4.1指導方針…………………………………. 21
2.2.4.2過程活動…………………………………. 23
2.2.5協同問題解決中的問題設計重點……………. 25
2.3網路教學…………………………………………… 26
2.3.1何謂網路教學…………………..……………. 26
2.3.2網路教學與傳統教學之比較…………………. 27
2.3.3網路教學與網路學習平台的發展現況與趨勢. 29
2.3.4網路教學的成功因素…………………………. 32
2.3.5協同問題解決教學法運用於網路教學….…… 33
2.4地理資訊系統(GIS)…….………………………… 35
2.4.1地理資訊系統簡介……………..……….…… 35
2.4.2地理資訊系統運用範圍…..…………………. 35
2.4.3地理資訊系統功能特性....…………………. 37
第三章 網路協同問題解決教學法建構軍事想定教學
之探討………………………… ……….. 40
3.1軍事想定施教程序………………………………… 40
3.2以協同問題解決教學法作軍事想定教學………… 44
第四章 軍事想定網路教學平台系統架構與流程… 49
4.1整合式軍事想定網路教學平台架構與流程..…… 49
4.2整合式軍事想定網路教學平台功能說明………… 53
4.2.1想定問題學習之協同與互動…………….…… 53
4.2.2想定個案庫…..………………………………. 51
4.2.3軍事資料庫……………………………………. 54
4.2.4地理資訊系統(GIS)圖庫……….…………. 55
4.2.5軍事知識庫………………………...………… 55
4.2.6軍事個案庫之學習及更新……………………. 56
4.2.7教學效果線上意見調查…………...………… 56
第五章 軍事想定網路教學平台雛型建構……….. 57
5.1系統雛型架構……………………………………… 57
5.2系統開發工具……………………………………… 59
5.2.1 FrontPage及ASP….…………...………….. 60
5.2.2 ArcView3.1 GIS……..……………………… 61
5.2.3 ArcView1.0 IMS……………………………… 61
5.3雛型系統運作……………..……………………… 62
5.4教學效果線上意見調查…………………………… 77
5.5研究成果.……….………………………………… 81
第六章 結論與建議………………………………… 93
6.1結論………………………………………………… 93
6.2後續研究方向與建議……………………………… 94

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