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研究生:涂元賢
論文名稱:台灣淡水產枝角類之分類研究
論文名稱(外文):Freshwater Cladocera (Crustacea : Branchiopoda : Cladocera) of Taiwan
指導教授:楊樹森楊樹森引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹師範學院
系所名稱:數理研究所
學門:數學及統計學門
學類:數學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:155
中文關鍵詞:枝角類
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:9
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摘要
自1994年至2002年之間,一百多個淡水浮游動物樣品採集自台灣的池沼、埤塘、河流、溝渠、湖泊及水庫,樣品中有許多的枝角目(Cladocera)甲殼動物,經過仔細分類研究之後,共記錄有7科27屬41種:1)仙達蚤科 (Sididae)有晶瑩仙達蚤Sida crystallina (Muller, 1776)、缺刺新秀體蚤Neodiaphanosoma volzi Stingelin, 1905、模糊秀體蚤Diaphanosoma dubium Manuilova, 1964、多刺秀體蚤Diaphanosoma sarsi Richard, 1894、鐮角秀體蚤Diaphanosoma excisum Sars, 1885;2)象鼻蚤科 (Bosminidae)有長額象鼻蚤Bosmina longirostris (Muller, 1785);3)蚤科 (Daphniidae)有殼紋船卵蚤Scapholeberis kingi Sars, 1903、擬同形蚤Daphnia similoides Hudec, 1991、短鈍蚤Daphnia obtusa Kurz, 1874、鋸頂低額蚤Simocephalus serrulatus (Koch, 1841)、老年低額蚤Simocephalus vetulus (Muller, 1776)、擬老年低額蚤Simocephalus vetuloides Sars, 1898、角突網紋蚤Ceriodaphnia cornuta Sars, 1885、模糊網紋蚤Ceriodaphnia dubia (Muller, 1785)、寬尾網紋蚤Ceriodaphnia laticaudata Muller, 1867、方形網紋蚤Ceriodaphnia quadrangula (Muller, 1785);4)裸腹蚤科 (Moinidae)有雙態擬裸腹蚤Moinodaphnia macleayi (King, 1853)、微型裸腹蚤Moina micrura Kurz, 1874、多刺裸腹蚤Moina macrocopa (Straus, 1820);5)泥蚤科 (Ilyocryptidae)有活潑泥蚤Ilyocryptus agilis Kurz, 1878;6)粗毛蚤科 (Macrothricidae)有芮氏臥泥蚤Guernella raphaelis Richard, 1892、多刺粗毛蚤Macrothrix spinosa King, 1853、三刺粗毛蚤Macrothrix triserialis Brady, 1886;7)盤腸蚤科 (Chydoridae)有長吻高殼蚤Kurzia longirostris Daday, 1898、缺齒彎尾蚤Camptocercus uncinatus Smirnov, 1971、鐮形頂冠蚤Acroperus harpae (Baird, 1835)、異形單眼蚤Monospilus dispar Sars, 1862、纖毛大尾蚤Leydigia ciliata (Gauthier, 1939)、環紋細額蚤Oxyurella singalensis (Daday, 1898)、隅齒刻尖額蚤Karualona karua (King, 1853)、秀體尖額蚤Alona diaphana King, 1853、矩形尖額蚤Alona rectangula Sars, 1862、肋形尖額蚤Alona costata Sars, 1862、方形尖額蚤Alona quadrangularis (Muller, 1785)、棘突靴尾蚤Dunhevedia crassa King, 1853、鋸唇幼孔盤腸蚤Ephemeroporus barroisi (Richard, 1894)、圓形盤腸蚤Chydorus sphaericus (Muller, 1785)、鐮角銳額蚤Alonella excisa (Fischer, 1854)、三角平直蚤Pleuroxus trigonellus (Muller, 1785)、李氏異尖額蚤Disparalona leei (Chien, 1970)、鉤足異尖額蚤Disparalona hamata (Baird, 1835)。所發現種類之中有24種為台灣的新記錄種,其分別是殼紋船卵蚤、擬同形蚤、短鈍蚤、鋸頂低額蚤、老年低額蚤、擬老年低額蚤、寬尾網紋蚤、方形網紋蚤、雙態擬裸腹蚤、多刺裸腹蚤、芮氏臥泥蚤、多刺粗毛蚤、三刺粗毛蚤、長吻高殼蚤、缺齒彎尾蚤、異形單眼蚤、纖毛大尾蚤、環紋細額蚤、隅齒刻尖額蚤、棘突靴尾蚤、鋸唇幼孔盤腸蚤、鐮角銳額蚤、三角平直蚤、李氏異尖額蚤。
台灣目前紀錄41種的生活習性可分為2大類:1)經營浮游生活,這種生活方式的物種佔大多數,居住在開闊水域的有仙達蚤科、象鼻蚤科的物種;居住在近岸水草較多的區域有仙達蚤科、蚤科、裸腹蚤科、粗毛蚤科、盤腸蚤科等種類。2)經營底棲(沉積取食)生活的種類較少,主要是泥蚤科及部分盤腸蚤科的物種。比較鄰近地區枝角類的分佈,發現台灣產這41種枝角類以全球廣佈種居多。
目錄
壹、摘要 1
貳、前言 3
參、材料與方法 8
肆、結果 10
一、檢索表 12
二、分類描述 15
1)仙達蚤科(Sididae) 15
2)象鼻蚤科(Bosminidae) 19
3))蚤科(Daphniidae) 20
4)裸腹蚤科(Moinidae) 31
5)泥蚤科(Ilyocryptidae) 35
6)粗毛蚤科(Macrothricidae) 36
7)盤腸蚤科(Chydoridae) 38
伍、討論 55
陸、引用文獻 58
柒、圖 70
捌、表 153
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*: not read the original paper.
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