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研究生:徐國森
論文名稱:國小高年級學生與家長的環境認知、態度、行為及其相關影響變項之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study on the elementary school upper grade students'' and their parents'' perceived environmental knowledge , attitude and behaviors
指導教授:蘇宏仁蘇宏仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹師範學院
系所名稱:數理研究所
學門:數學及統計學門
學類:數學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:環境認知環境態度環境行為國小高年級學生
外文關鍵詞:Environmental KnowledgeEnvironmental AttitudeEnvironmental BehaviorThe elementary school Students
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:80
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
本研究旨在探討國小高年級學生與家長的環境認知、態度、行為及其相關因素。為達研究目的,本研究採用兩份包含四大部份內容之問卷,來評估學生與家長的環境認知、態度與行為,以立意取樣抽取研究者所任教國小之高年級學生與其家長,共得有效樣本學生270名、家長436名。並以描述統計、t考驗、變異數分析等統計方法,分析所收集到的資料。研究結果顯示學生和家長在環境認知、環境態度與環境行為均有不錯的表現。參與環保活動越多元化以及環境態度越積極的學生與家長,在環境行為的表現越好。而環境認知高的學生在環境行為的表現比環境認知低的學生好,性別的差異對於學生與家長的環境行為具有某種程度的影響,但在環境認知與態度的表現沒有造成明顯差異。
根據此研究,建議應增加學生的環境認知,培養積極的環境態度,可以讓他們的環境行為表現的更好,而且應該多舉辦多元化的環保活動,鼓勵學生與家長多參與,增加親子間的互動交流的機會,使得學校與家庭的環保教育可以做好整合,讓他們表現更多環境行為。
The aims of this study were to investigate the 5th & 6th graders'' and their parents’ perceived environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. Also, the relationships among environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviors were explored. For the purposes of this study, two four - part questionaires were designed to assess students'' and parents'' environmental knowledge, attitude and behavior, respectively. 270 students and 436 parents were purposive sampled. The methods of descriptive statistics, t-test, and analysis of variance were used to analyze the collected data.
The results showed that students and parents both have good environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. Students and parents with more environmental activity experience or positive environmental attitude will have better performance in environmental behaviors. Students, who have better environmental knowledge, will have better environmental behaviors. The gender difference had some influence on the environmental behavior of students and parents, but not on their environmental knowledge and attitudes.
On the basis of the study, for improving the students’ performance in environmental behavior, cultivating students with more environmental
Knowledge and positive environmental attitude were suggested. Further more, students and their parents who participate together in more multi- environmental conservation activities was encouraged because that will make school E. E. family E. E. integrated easily, which will result in students’ better performance in environmental behavior.
目 錄
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景與動機 ……………………………………………1
第二節 研究的重要性 ………………………………………………4
第三節 研究目的 ……………………………………………………5
第四節 待答問題 ……………………………………………………5
第五節 名詞釋義 ……………………………………………………6
第二章 文獻探討 ……………………………………………………8
第一節 環境認知 ……………………………………………………8
第二節 環境態度 ……………………………………………………9
第三節 環境行為的類別與特徵 ……………………………………11
第四節 環境行為變項的類別與特徵 ………………………………13
第五節 環境行為相關變項行為模式 ………………………………20
第三章 研究方法 ……………………………………………………26
第一節 研究分析與流程 ……………………………………………26
第二節 研究工具……………………………………………………27
第三節 預試資料收集與分析 ………………………………………29
第四節 資料收集與統計方法………………………………………30
第四章 研究結果與討論……………………………………………32
第一節 國小高年級學生與家長的屬性分析 ……………………32
第二節 國小高年級學生與家長的環境認知、態度與行為現況分析…37
第三節 國小高年級學生與家長之人口學變項與環境認知、態度、行為
的探討分析……………………………………………………40
第四節 國小高年級學生與家長之環保活動經驗變項與環境認知、態
度、行為的探討分析…………………………………………43
第五節 國小高年級學生與家長的環境認知與環境行為之探討分
析………………………………………………………………45
第六節 國小高年級學生與家長的環境態度與環境行為之探討分析48
第七節 學生與家長的環境行為之間互動情形的現況分析…………50
第八節 學生與家長的環境行為之間互動情形與其環境態度及行為的探
討分析…………………………………………………………51
第五章 結論與建議……………………………………………………53
第一節 結論……………………………………………………………53
第二節 建議 …………………………………………………………59
參考文獻………………………………………………………………….59
中文部份………………………………………………………………….59
英文部份………………………………………………………………….62
附錄……………………………………………………………………….69
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