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研究生:李詠秋
研究生(外文):Jung-Chiou Li
論文名稱:原住民大學生生涯發展狀況、生涯自我效能與其生涯阻礙因素之關係研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of the Relationship Among Career Development Status, Career Self-Efficacy, and Career Barrier Factors in Aboriginal Undergraduates
指導教授:高淑芳高淑芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Fang Kao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹師範學院
系所名稱:國民教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:原住民大學生生涯發展狀況生涯自我效能生涯阻礙因素
外文關鍵詞:Aboriginal GraduatesCareer Development StatusCareer Self-EfficacyCareer Barrier Factors
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:283
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  • 下載下載:1881
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:15
本研究的目的在了解不同性別、就讀不同年級之原住民與非原住民大學生的生涯發展狀況與生涯自我效能是否有所不同;而他們對生涯阻礙因素的看法是否也有顯著的差異性。又,生涯發展狀況、生涯自我效能及生涯阻礙因素三者之間的相互關係在原住民與非原住民大學生身上是否一致。
本研究以北區八所公私立大學院校之原住民與非原住民大學生各150名為受試對象,經由受試者在「生涯發展狀況量表」、「生涯自我效能量表」及「生涯阻礙因素量表」上的回應情形,以變異數分析、相關分析及多元逐步迴歸分析進行考驗。
本研究結果的主要發現有:(1)大學生對其生涯發展狀況的回應(含生涯定向、生涯探索)隨著年級的增加而提高,且此趨向並未因族群或性別的不同而有所差異。(2)大學生對解決未來生涯相關議題的信心程度(即生涯自我效能)則完全不受其族群、性別或年級的差異而有明顯的不同。(3)原住民大學生比非原住民大學生較認為族群角色會阻礙其生涯發展,而較不認為方向選擇或學習困擾會對其生涯發展有所阻礙;大學男生比大學女生傾向認為科系選擇、學習狀況、學習困擾會阻礙其生涯發展。(4)大學生的生涯自我效能與各生涯阻礙因素皆與其生涯發展狀況間有顯著相關,且其關係結構對原住民大學生及對非原住民大學頗為一致,除了族群角色阻礙與生涯發展狀況、生涯自我效能之間的關係對原住民大學生是顯著的,但對非原住民大學生卻不顯著。(5)方向選擇阻礙、猶豫行動阻礙、科系選擇阻礙與生涯自我效能對原住民大學生的生涯定向情形有71%的預測力;而資訊探索阻礙、生涯自我效能、方向選擇阻礙、特質表現阻礙以及族群角色阻礙對原住民大學生的生涯探索程度有76%的預測力。
最後,研究者針對本研究的結果提出討論與建議,以提供學校輔導單位及未來研究的參考。
The main purposes of this study are to investigate possible differences between aboriginal and non-aboriginal undergraduates in career development status, career self-efficacy, and career barrier factors. It is also aimed to examine if the relationship among career development status, career self-efficacy, and career barrier factors is consistence in aboriginal undergraduates with in non-aboriginal undergraduates.
There were 300 subjects sampled from eight universities of the north area in Taiwan, in which 150 subjects for each of aboriginal and non-aboriginal undergraduates. All subjects were asked to respond to all of the “Career Development Status Scale,” “Career Self-Efficacy Scale,” and “Career Barrier Factors Scale”. The obtained data were analyzed by MANOVA, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis.
The main findings of this study are as follows:(1)Undergraduates responded their career development status(include career identity and career explore)increased as a function of their grades in college with no race and sex difference effects.(2)No race, sex, and grade differences were found in undergraduates’ career self-efficacy.(3)Aboriginal undergraduates perceived more racial barriers, but less direct selection barriers and learning problem barriers than non-aboriginal undergraduates. On the other hand, male undergraduates reacted more subject selection barriers, learning situation barriers, and learning problem barriers than female undergraduates.(4)The correlations among career development, career self-efficacy, and career barrier factors in undergraduates were found statistical significant. Generally, The structure of the relationship among the three Scales is consistence in aboriginal with in non-aboriginal undergraduates, except for the racial barrier factor was significantly related to aboriginal undergraduates’ career identity and career self-efficacy but to non-aboriginal undergraduates’. (5)Aboriginal undergraduates’ career identity can be predicted 71% by their direct selection barriers, hesitate action barriers, subject selection barriers, and career self-efficacy. Yet, aboriginal undergraduates’ career explore can be predicted 76% by their information search barriers, career self-efficacy, direct selection barriers, characteristics expression barriers, and racial barriers.
內容目次
頁次
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機1
第二節 研究目的與假設4
第三節 名詞解釋5
第四節 研究範圍與限制7
第二章 文獻探討9
第一節 生涯發展理論與實徵研究9
第二節 生涯自我效能理論與實徵研究26
第三節 生涯阻礙理論與實徵研究34
第四節 台灣原著民族生涯發展問題概述46
第三章 研究設計與實施50
第一節 研究架構50
第二節 研究樣本52
第三節 研究工具54
第四節 實施程序61
第四章 研究結果分析63
第一節 各量表的信度與受試者的反應分配比較63
第二節 量表回應情形的差異性檢定65
第三節 各量表之相關情形檢定73
第四節 生涯自我效能與各生涯阻礙因素對生涯發展狀況之預測情形檢定76
第五章 討論與建議81
第一節 研究結果討論81
第二節 建議89
參考文獻97
附錄一、大學生生涯發展研究問卷(預試)106
附錄二、大學生生涯發展研究問卷117
一、中文部份
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王麗雅(民79):大學女生選擇傳統男性職業相關因素之研究:以就讀理、工、醫學院女學生為例。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
田秀蘭(民87a):生涯阻礙因素量表之編制及其因素結構。屏東師院學報,第11期,81-104頁。
田秀蘭(民87b):男女大學生生涯阻礙因素之分析研究。教育心理學報,30卷,第1期,133-148頁。
池曼玲(民81):臺灣地區原住民政策:「臺灣原住民保障基本法」草案之分析。
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張春興(民87a):現代心理學。東華出版社。
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張添州(民82):生涯發展與規劃。五南出版社。
教育部(民86):中華民國原住民教育報告書。台北:教育部。
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陳麗如(民83):大學生生涯發展阻隔因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
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黃淑敏(民88):師院生生涯自我效能、生涯動機、生涯成熟相關因素之研究。國立台南師範學院教育研究所碩士論文。
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黃瑞琴(民88):質的教育研究方法。心理出版社。
楊智馨(民86):大學生生涯發展狀況與自我認定狀態之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
鈴木 質(民81):台灣原住民風俗誌。臺原出版社。
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黎麗貞(民86):男女大學生生涯自我效能與生涯阻礙之相關研究。國立高雄師範大學碩士論文。
繆敏志(民81):女性生涯發展之探討。國立台北護專學報,第9期,271-314頁。
謝宏惠(民79):大專生性別角色、場地獨立性、決策型態、生涯自我效能與生涯不確定之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
譚光鼎(民85):探討少數民族教育成就的理論模式。花蓮師院學報,第6期,25-55頁。
譚光鼎(民86):原住民教育的理念。原住民教育季刊,第6期,36-44頁。
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