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研究生:陳嘉駿
論文名稱:數位落差現象再探討--多國比較分析
論文名稱(外文):Re-exploring the phenomnon of digital divide:a cross-country comparison
指導教授:邱魏頌正邱魏頌正引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:數位落差網路進用多國比較分析
外文關鍵詞:digital divideinternet access
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:20
  • 點閱點閱:372
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:10
本研究企圖運用跨國資料探討「數位落差」(digital divide)現象,並檢測網際網路是否為數位資訊傳遞的主要管道。過去研究藉用「網路進用」(internet access)來判定數位資訊的擁有(have)與未擁有(have not)難以一窺數位落差之全貌,在於數位資訊的獲取管道並非單指網際網路,舉凡資訊通信科技(information and communication technologies,ICTs)的發展而導致數位資訊的分配不均方為造成數位落差的主因。本研究藉由人口統計變數,如性別、年齡、所得與教育程度,來說明各族群數位知識程度之差異,並試圖解釋受訪者態度造成數位落差的可能性。本研究另設計一份數位知識評量量表(digital knowledge index,DKI),於台灣、美國、中國大陸以及印尼四個國家的都市與鄉村地區進行訪問,以探討城鄉之間以及國際之間數位落差的現象。結果發現,各國城鄉之間在教育程度、所得以及對數位科技的知識上有明顯差距,而在國與國之間也因為本身數位科技開發程度的不一,存在著嚴重的國際數位落差。
This paper uses a cross-country sample of survey data to reinvestigate the determinants of digital divide. The broad set of variables allows for comparisons of the relative differences both nationally and internationally. We design a digital knowledge index (DKI), a measure for monitoring inequalities of the digital knowledge among people. We find that the digital divide exists between cities and across countries. Demographic variables such as age, education, and income are found to be statistically significant. Besides, people who have higher interest in digital technology tend to have higher scores in DKI. An interesting finding is that Internet access is not a significant source in achieving the digital knowledge. Finally, we imply that technological endowments could give rise to the digital knowledge discrepancies among nations.
第一章、緒論------------------------------------P.01
第一節、研究動機與目的 ----------------------- P. 01
第二章、文獻探討 ----------------------------- P. 07
第三章、研究假設變數定義與資料來源 ------------ P. 12
第一節、研究假設 ----------------------------- P. 12
第二節、變數定義 ----------------------------- P. 13
第三節、數位知識評量表 ------------------------ P. 17
第四節、樣本與抽樣------------------------------p.19
第五節、資料處理--------------------------------P.21
第四章、實證結果 ----------------------------- P. 23
第一節、人口統計變數 ------------------------- P. 26
第二節、態度因素 ----------------------------- P. 33
第三節、網路使用頻率 ------------------------- P. 35
第五章、結論 --------------------------------- P. 37
註 釋 -------------------------------------- P. 40
參考文獻 ------------------------------------ P. 43
表一 變數定義 ------------------------------ P. 14
表二 數位知識評量量表------------------------ P. 18
表三 描述性統計 ---------------------------- P. 23
表四 迴歸分析結果 -------------------------- P. 28
表五 各國收入區隔與DKI總平均值之比較分析 -- P. 32
圖一 各國DKI值 ----------------------------- P. 25
參考文獻
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