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研究生:呂松成
研究生(外文):Scott S.C. LU
論文名稱:法國穆斯林市民權發展之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Citizenship of the French Muslims: A Historical Analysis
指導教授:蘇宏達蘇宏達引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hungdah SU
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:歐洲研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:市民權穆斯林法國伊斯蘭
外文關鍵詞:CitizenshipMuslimFranceIslam
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:548
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本文的主旨在於說明市民權的概念及穆斯林的市民權利在法國發展的情況。首先介紹市民權發展的歷史與概念,次為敘述穆斯林在法國的背景及歸化與融合問題。探討穆斯林在法國境內為法國建設付出心力,而所遭遇的市民權是否平等的問題,與法國政府所持的態度及相關法令的制定。爾後以宏觀的視野來檢視法國境內的穆斯林之市民權是否受歐洲聯盟市民權的發展,法國政黨的意識形態及國際伊斯蘭勢力的介入而有所變化或影響。

The substance of this eassy is to illustrate the concept of “Citizenship” and introduced how the citizenship of French Muslims has been grew. Firstly, the article indicated the citizenship rights in Europe at the different ages, from ancient to nowadays. Secondly, I exposed when the Muslims moved to France. Some of the new minority communities obtained the French nationality while some did not. The nationalism was only the political acceptance. They still have trouble to live with the French society. Being a minority community, do the French Mulism really have a fair citizenship right? I have gradually explored how the French Government to issue their policies. In the Macroscope of view, the thesis has also discussed on the influence of the Internatioanl Islamic Force, The European Union and the French Political Parties, related to the French Mulism’s citizenship.

摘 要 i
Abstract iii
誌 謝 v
目 次 ix
表 次 xi
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範圍與方法 3
一、 研究範圍 3
二、 研究方法及資料來源 4
第三節 研究架構及章節安排 5
一、 研究架構: 5
二、 章節安排 5
第四節 文獻分析 6
第二章 市民權的發展 9
第一節 近代以前市民權的發展 9
一、 古希臘時期 9
二、 古羅馬時期 11
三、 中古時期 14
第二節 法國大革命後市民權的發展 15
一、 近代新思潮 15
二、 法國大革命的影響 16
三、 人權宣言的市民權意涵 18
第三節 當代市民權的理論 20
一、 馬歇爾的市民權理論 20
二、 當代學者的市民權理論 21
第四節 歐洲聯盟市民權的發展 24
一、 歐洲經濟共同體條約 24
二、 馬斯垂克條約第八條的規範 25
三、 阿姆斯特丹條約 27
四、 尼斯條約 28
第三章 穆斯林之市民權問題 ─歸化與融合問題 31
第一節 穆斯林的背景 31
一、 殖民時代的延續 32
二、 戰後重建的需求 34
第二節 穆斯林之歸化問題 36
一、 法國國籍法的基本原則 36
二、 右派執政 38
三、 左派執政 40
四、 左右共治 41
第三節 穆斯林之融合問題 47
一、 穆斯林人口的增長 47
二、 穆斯林社群之分佈 48
三、 伊斯蘭教社群之組織與信仰 50
第四章 穆斯林之市民權問題─平等問題 55
第一節 語言與教育面向 55
一、 法國語言政策 55
二、 女學童面紗事件 59
第二節 經濟與社會層面 63
一、 奉獻金課稅 63
二、 伊斯蘭教之傳統宗教慶典 68
三、 面紗事件:英籍伊斯蘭教婦女入境法國 71
第三節 政治權利與法律權利 73
一、 穆斯林與非穆斯林之犯罪判決 73
二、 穆斯林之政治參與 76
第五章 影響穆斯林市民權的因素 78
第一節 超國家組織的發展─歐洲聯盟 78
一、 歐洲共同體法的效力 78
二、 歐洲聯盟基本權利憲章 82
第二節 法國政黨的意識型態 85
一、 民族陣線的崛起 85
二、 社會黨的執政與意識型態 89
三、 右派政黨的意識型態 91
第三節 國際伊斯蘭教勢力 94
一、 法國與阿爾及利亞之臍帶關係 94
二、 伊斯蘭教國家與伊斯蘭教組織 96
三、 恐怖活動之負面因素 99
第四節 伊斯蘭基本人權觀 103
一、 一夫多妻的律法挑戰 103
二、 宗教習慣的變遷 105
三、 伊斯蘭教婦女權益的提昇 107
第六章 結 論 111
附 錄 115
附錄一 115
附錄二 116
《參考書目》 123
中文部分 123
一、 書籍 123
二、 期刊 124
三、 報紙 124
外文部分 125
一、 官方資料 125
二、 書籍 125
三、 期刊 126
網際網路及數位資料 127
中文部分
一、 書籍
Elias, Jamal J.,盧瑞珠譯,《伊斯蘭教的世界》,台北:貓頭鷹出版社,1999年 12月。
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李國雄,葉明德,鄧中堅,陳慧貞著。《各國政府與政治》,台北:空中大學, 2000年8月。
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杭亭頓 (Huntington, Samuel P.) ,黃裕美譯,《文明衝突與世界秩序的重建》 (The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order),台北:聯經出版公司,1997年。
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許仟,《歐洲文化與歐洲聯盟文化政策》》,台北:漢威出版公司,1999年
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麥克里蘭 (McClelland, J.S.) ,彭淮棟譯,《西洋政治思想史》 (A History of Western Political Thought),台北:商業周刊出版公司,2000年2月15日初版。
彭懷恩主編,秦俊鷹,潘邦順編譯,《法國政治體系》,台北:風雲論壇出版社,2000年9月。
塚本一,田瑞岩,俞宜國譯,《智慧的國度:細究法蘭西》,台北:錦繡出版有限公司,1994年。
楊碧川,《世界民族解放運動史》,台北:一橋出版社,2000年8月。
鄭正忠,朱一平,黃秋田譯,《法國民法》,台北:五南圖書出版公司,2001年5月。
盧梭(Rousseau, Jean Jacques),徐百齊譯,《社約論》(Du Contract Social),台北:台灣商務印書館,1999年。
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羅漁,《西洋上古史(下)》,台北:文化大學,1998年。
二、 期刊
林長寬,〈西方伊斯蘭學〉,《當代》,第一四五期,1999年9月。
廖福特,〈人權宣言?人權法典? - 「歐洲聯盟基本權利憲章」之分析〉,《歐美研究》,第三十一卷第四期,2001年12月。
蘇宏達,〈法國第五共和的外交決策機制〉,《問題與研究》,第三十六卷第六期,1997年6月。
三、 報紙
呂松成,(法律與基本人權),自由時報,2000年9月24日,第15版。
外文部分
一、 官方資料
Forced wearing of ‘hidjab’ by Muslim women, OJ NoC300 p. 30, 1995/11/13 Notice 95/C300/56
Resolution on Islam and European Averro Day, OJ NoC313 p. 104, 1998/10/12
Slaughter of sheep in France for Eid-el-Kabir festival, OJ NoC045 p.81, 1998/02/10 Notice 98/C45/97.
The European Ombudsman Speech, The Citizen, the Administration and Community Law, Report ot the final plenary session of the 1998 FIDE Congress, Stockholm, Sweden, June 6, 1998
Treatment of British passport holders by French border police, OJ NoC118 p.161, 1999/04/29 Notice 1999/C118/200
Treaty of Nice, Official Journal of the European Communities, December 18, 2000
二、 書籍
Ager, Dennis. Language policy in Britain and France: the processes of policy, New York: Cassell, 1996.
Bjorgo, Tore and Witte, Rob (eds.). Racist Violence in Europe, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.
Carens, Joseph H. Culture, Citizenship, and Community: a Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Craig, Paul and Burca,Grainne de (eds). EC Law, Text, Cases, and Materials, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Davies, Peter. The National Front in France, Ideology, Discourse and Power, New York: Routledge, 1999.
Eickelman, Dale F. and Piscatori, James. Muslim Politics, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Esposito, John. The Oxford History of Islam, New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Faulks, Keith. Citizenship, New York: Routledge, 2000.
Hargreaves, Alec G. Immigration, “Race” and Ethnicity in Contemporary France, London: Routledge, 1995.
Harrison, Carol E. The Bourgeois Citizen in Nineteenth-Century France, New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Isin, Engin F. & Wood, Patricia K. Citizenship & Identity, London: Sage Publication Ltd., 1999.
Isin, Engin F. (ed.). Democracy, Citizenship and the Global City, London and New York: Routledge, 2000.
Janoski, Thomas. Citizenship and Civil Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Lewis, Bernard and Schnapper, Dominigue (eds.). Muslims in Europe, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994.
Miller, David. Citizenship & National Identity, Malden, Mass, Oxford: Polity Press, 2000.
Norman, Willkymlicka and Norman, Wayne. Citizenship in Diverse Societies, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Oommen, T.K. Citizenship, Nationality and Ethnicity, Recociling Competing Identities, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1997.
Roche, Maurice & Berkel, Rik Van. European Citizenship and Social Exclusion, London: Ashgate Publishing Co., 1997.
Turner, Bryan S. (ed.). Citizenship and Social Theory, London: Sage Publication Ltd., 1993.
Westerlund, David and Svanberg, Ingvar. Islam Outside the Arab World, Richmond: Curzon Press, 1999.
三、 期刊
Baumgartl, Bernd and Favell, Adrian (eds.). “New Xenophobia in Europe”, European Journal of Political Research, Volume 36, number 3-4, Netherlands, December 1999.
Dubois, Laurent. “La Republique Metissee: Citizenship, Colonialism, and the Borders of French History”, Cultural Studies, 14(1)2000.
“How restive are Europe’s Muslims?”, The Economist, Paris, Berlin, Madrid and London, October 20, 2001.
Shaw, Jo. “Constitutional Settlements and the Citizen”, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 38, No. 3, September 2000.
Ysmal, Colette. “France”, European Journal of Political Research, Volume 36, number 3-4, Netherlands, December 1999.
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