跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.233.217.106) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/17 12:25
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:官建維
研究生(外文):Chien-Wei Kuan
論文名稱:綠色採購對ISO14000環境管理的支援模式分析
論文名稱(外文):Development of a support Model between Environmental Purchasing and ISO 14000 Standard
指導教授:陳中獎陳中獎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Chiang Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:環境管理研究所
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:綠色採購環境管理系列驗證環境績效環境績效支援模式
外文關鍵詞:Environmental PurchasingISO 14000Environmental PerformanceFinancial PerformanceSupport Model
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:19
  • 點閱點閱:1122
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:309
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
有關綠色採購與ISO 14000環境管理系列驗證的相關研究,近年來陸續有相關研究發表。然而,學者的研究大部分僅討論到ISO 14000環境管理系列驗證對企業績效的影響,或是侷限於企業現有綠色採購活動經營之個案探討或實證研究,而甚少探討到有關企業推行綠色採購與ISO 14000環境管理系列驗證之相互關係。因此,本研究目的首先依序透過問卷調查分別針對國內2000大企業廠商對ISO 14000的評價與國內推動綠色採購現況進行探索性研究,並透過相關文獻內容的探討試圖建立理論架構來探討ISO 14000環境管理與綠色採購的相互關連性。
第一部份國內大型服務業與製造業廠商對ISO 14000的評價調查,針對343家企業進行調查,有效問卷78份,回收率23.28﹪,研究結果為:
一、服務業與製造業對於ISO 14000系列驗證的評價無顯著差異。
二、服務業與製造業對於投入環境管理的單位設置層級、專職員工人數及環管花費無顯著差異。
第二部份國內大型企業推動綠色採購現況,針對343家企業進行調查,有效問卷69份,回收率17.49﹪,研究結果為:
一、企業對綠色採購重視程度中企業的採購部門編制人數與經營型態(資金來源)對推動綠色採購的重視程度有顯著差異。
二、在企業認知綠色採購工作內涵中:產業別對認知綠色採購的工作內容,服務業對有害原料之「銷售剩餘的報廢品或二手使用過的原物料」項目,認知情形明顯高於製造業;企業推動ISO 14000驗證與否對認知綠色採購的工作內容方面:已通過ISO 14000驗證的廠商對於供應鏈關係之「將符合環保法規與標準之產品規格納入採購項目中並提供給供應商」與「採行廣泛的公司環境稽核(包括公司各個分支機構、廠房)計畫」兩項目之認知情形明顯高於尚未通過ISO 14000驗證的廠商;不同登記資本額的企業對認知綠色採購的工作內容,在供應鏈關係之「與供應商協力合作以提供原料、設備、零件及服務以達成環境目標」項目呈現顯著的差異;不同員工人數對認知綠色採購的工作內容,在供應鏈關係之「要求供應商進行環境稽核」項目呈現顯著的差異;不同行銷市場比重企業對認知綠色採購工作內涵,在供應鏈關係之「採行廣泛的公司環境稽核(包括公司各個分支機構、廠房)計畫」與「要求供應商進行環境稽核」兩項目呈現顯著差異。
三、企業推動綠色採購障礙中,不同產業別對推動綠色採購的障礙在認 知、經濟、法規及組織障礙面均呈現顯著差異;企業有無通過ISO 14000驗證對推動綠色採購的障礙在認知、資訊、法規及組織障礙面均呈現顯著差異;不同年營業額企業對推動綠色採購障礙在認知與技術障礙面呈現顯著差異;不同員工人數企業對推動綠色採購障礙的看法在認知障礙面呈現顯著差異;不同採購部門編制人數企業對推動綠色採購障礙的看法在認知、經濟及資訊三障礙面有顯著差異。
第三部份綠色採購對ISO 14000環境管理關係模式建構中,本部份研究即以企業績效觀點,逐步探討企業推動綠色採購與ISO 14000環境管理系列驗證對企業環境績效與財務績效的相互關係,並建立理論架構。
根據前述研究發現,本研究建議政府與企業未來除了要持續推動環境管理相關工作外,還應將「ISO認證」的取得納入未來的組織兢爭策略中,而綠色採購也必須包含ISO 14000環境管理系列。如此,ISO 14000作為廠商履行其社會環境責任,才能得以完成並避免遭受國際貿易障礙。
ISO 14000 series as an environmental standard’s benchmark for excellence and a catalyst for improvement and success. ISO 14000 are becoming the practices for stakeholder quizzing the performance of environmental and financial, highlight both its strengths and weaknesses, in order to deliver tangible performances improvement for an organization. Every organization, no matter public and private or what its size, purchases goods and services. And, large organizations have considerable influence over the practices of their suppliers. As environmental purchasing practices have become more common in large organizations, the implications for companies in the supply chain have similarly increased. And, how can environmental purchasing practices that have produced tangible business benefits for a large number of companies worldwide, and being integrated with other environmental sound strategies, receive a great of challenge.
In this thesis, a support model which describing a relationship framework of environmental purchasing and ISO 14000 implementation, is presented. The Top 2000’s large organizations in Taiwan were surveyed which related to the topics of ISO 14000 implementation and promoting environmental purchasing. Related to the topic of ISO 14000, this support model showed an average acceptance in the part of departmental unit, staffing and expenses, which found in most of the environmental management issues of the organizations being studied. To the topic of environmental purchasing, the staffing and management-style of procurement department have delivered considerable implications to the model. Besides, different kind of industries also indicated variously conceptual in their daily purchasing context. As example, services industry showed remarkable concern of “sales of hazardous scrap and used materials” than manufacturing industry. Organizations with ISO 14000 certificated showed substantial concern to supplier chain relationships, such as “provide design specifications to suppliers that include environmental requirements for purchased items” and “company-wide environmental audits”. Size of registered capital, labor force and marketing segmental of organizations also indicated variously of conceptual in the procurement content, particular right in the context of “collaboration with suppliers to provide materials, equipment, parts, services that support environmental goals”, “environmental audits of suppliers” and “company-wide environmental audits”.
In this thesis, a support model which describing a relationship framework of environmental purchasing and ISO 14000 implementation, is presented. The Top 2000’s large organizations in Taiwan were surveyed which related to the topics of ISO 14000 implementation and promoting environmental purchasing. Related to the topic of ISO 14000, this support model showed an average acceptance in the part of departmental unit, staffing and expenses, which found in most of the environmental management issues of the organizations being studied. To the topic of environmental purchasing, the staffing and management-style of procurement department have delivered considerable implications to the model. Besides, different kind of industries also indicated variously conceptual in their daily purchasing context. As example, services industry showed remarkable concern of “sales of hazardous scrap and used materials” than manufacturing industry. Organizations with ISO 14000 certificated showed substantial concern to supplier chain relationships, such as “provide design specifications to suppliers that include environmental requirements for purchased items” and “company-wide environmental audits”. Size of registered capital, labor force and marketing segmental of organizations also indicated variously of conceptual in the procurement content, particular right in the context of “collaboration with suppliers to provide materials, equipment, parts, services that support environmental goals”, “environmental audits of suppliers” and “company-wide environmental audits”.
目錄……………………………………………………………………………I
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………IV
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………V
第壹章緒論………………………………………………………………1
第一節研究背景…………………………………………………………1
第二節研究動機…………………………………………………………7
第三節研究目的與內容…………………………………………………9
第貳章研究方法…………………………………………………………10
第一節樣本選取與資料蒐集……………………………………………10
第二節第一部份研究設計………………………………………………12
第三節第二部份研究設計………………………………………………13
第四節資料分析方法……………………………………………………14
第參章企業基本資料分析………………………………………………16
第一節第一部份抽樣企業樣本特性分析………………………………16
第二節第二部份抽樣企業樣本特性分析………………………………17
第肆章企業對ISO 14000環境管理系列驗證評價分析………………21
第一節ISO 14000環境管理系列驗證推動沿革………………………21
第二節國內外ISO 14000環境管理相關文獻探討……………………25
第三節國內大型企業對環境管理工作與ISO 14000的評價分析……26
第伍章企業推行綠色採購現況分析……………………………………31
第一節國際間綠色採購推動沿革………………………………………31
第二節綠色採購相關文獻探討…………………………………………33
第三節國內大型企業推動綠色採購現況分析…………………………37
第陸章綠色採購對ISO 14000環境管理關係模式建構……中文部份:
第一節企業經營目標……………………………………………………59
第二節ISO 14000環境管理對企業績效的影響………………………63
第三節企業推動ISO 14000環境管理之影響因素研究………………66
第四節綠色採購對企業績效的影響……………………………………68
第五節企業推動綠色採購之影響因素研究……………………………69
第六節ISO 14000環境管理與綠色採購之關聯性……………………71
第柒章研究結論與建議…………………………………………………76
第一節結論………………………………………………………………76
第二節研究貢獻…………………………………………………………79
第三節研究建議…………………………………………………………80
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………84
附錄
附錄一 ISO 14000環境管理系列標準制訂內容…………………………98
附錄二 綠色採購相關研究………………………………………………101
附錄三 產業對ISO 14000評價差異之研究問卷…………………………103
附錄四 台灣企業推行綠色採購現況分析之研究問卷…………………106
中文部份:
1. 于寧,1996,「環保標章與綠色採購」,環保標章簡訊,第4期, hhtp://www.greenmark.org.tw/mag/4/5.html。
2. 于寧,2000,「環境標誌與宣告系列標準之應用現況」,環保標章簡訊,第20期,http://www.greenmark.itri.org.tw/mag/20.html。
3. 于寧、林淑芬,1999,「我國環保標章推動現況與國際趨勢」,清潔生產資訊雙月刊,第26期,頁18-35。
4. 于寧、賴明伸,2000,「全球各國政府綠色採購運動之發展現況與展望」,環保標章簡訊,第21期,http://www.greenmark.itri.org.tw/mag/21.html。
5. 天下雜誌2000大特刊,2000,「跨行業總排名2000」,天下雜誌,特刊28期。
6. 王育英譯,1999,生態效益:企業永續發展之所繫,台北:喜馬拉雅基金會(譯自DeSimone, L.D., and Popoff, F.,(1997),Eco-efficiency: The Business Link to Sustainable Development)。
7. 王俊敏,1996,「影響企業取得ISO 14001認證組織面因素之研究」,東華大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
8. 田效文、鍾宜展、蘇文娟、蔡志弘,2000,「企業環境管理投資效益之研究」,中華管理評論,3(3): 89-98。
9. 安寶儀、徐木蘭、劉仲矩,1999,「食品業環境管理之初探-從環保執行面論衡」,科技管理學刊,4(1):147-174。
10. 余瑞華,1998,「企業獲得ISO14000認證後之企業內部環境管理效益研究」,中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
11. 余騰耀,2000/3,「產業工廠與政府機構因應綠色採購制度之相關措施」,環保資訊季刊,頁9-13。
12. 施勵行、黃峰蕙、郭美秀,2000,「Environmental Performance and Corporate Environmental Strategy in Taiwan」,2000年環境資源經濟、管理暨系統分析學術研討會論文集,台北: 中央研究院經濟研究所主辦。
13. 洪佩菁,1998,「環境管理內涵與成功關鍵因素之探討-兼論ISO14001認證之影響」,台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
14. 徐文復,1998,「ISO9000及ISO14000之品質環境管理系統整合」,交通大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文。
15. 徐木蘭、余坤東、沈介文,1997,「傳統文化中企業倫理之探討-中國古籍之研究」,中山管理評論,5(1):49-74。
16. 高明瑞、黃義俊,2000,「影響企業推行綠色管理因素之實證研究」,交大管理學報,20(2):113-148。
17. 高翠霜譯,2000,績效評估:哈佛商業評論,台北:天下遠見出版股份有限公司(譯自 Drucker, P.F., Cucuzza, T.G., Da’vila, A., Eccles, R.G., Kaplan, R.S., Meyer, C., Ness, J.A., Norton, D.P., and Simons, R., (1998), Harvard Business Review on Measuring Corporate Performance)。
18. 梁明煌、王順美、張峰垚,1996,「台灣地區大型企業綠色化行動初探」,收錄於環境管理與都會發展(二),陸繼雄(編),1~18/41,台北:淑馨出版社。
19. 許士軍,1999,「新管理典範下的企業倫理」,通識教育季刊,6(3):35-46。
20. 陳小娟、徐木蘭、劉仲矩,1997,「企業環境管理績效評量因素建立之探討」,科技管理學刊,2(1):179-205。
21. 陳中獎,2001,「The Choice of Environmental Policy to Internalize External Cost of Consumption」,環境管理與環境教育研討會論文集,頁109-124,嘉義: 南華大學環境管理研究所主辦。
22. 陳中獎、官建維,2001,「大型服務業與製造業對ISO9000與ISO14000評價之研究」,環境管理與環境教育研討會論文集,頁181-201,嘉義: 南華大學環境管理研究所主辦。
23. 陳書民,1994,「探討通過ISO9000系列認證廠商之推動技巧與困難-以資訊電子業為例」,交通大學工業工程研究所碩士論文。
24. 陳銘昆,1996,「企業推行ISO14000環境管理系統之研究」,政治大學科技管理研究所碩士論文。
25. 陳鴻基、李有仁、丘和先,1998,「製造業推行ISO9000品保制度之研究:從資訊系統面談起」,中山管理評論,6(1): 85-114。
26. 湯新如,1997/9,「美國綠色採購計畫介紹」,工業污染防治報導,http://www.ipcc.org.tw/a0314e.htm。
27. 黃光宇,1995,「國內製造業推動ISO9000與ISO14000之現況研究」,台灣工業技術學院管理技術研究所企業管理學程碩士論文。
28. 黃俊雄,1994,「台灣製造業推行ISO9000系列之現況分析」,交通大學工業工程研究所碩士論文。
29. 經濟部工業局,2001/6,台灣推動ISO14000環境管理系列標準之現況與展望,http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/。
30. 經濟部標準檢驗局,2001/2,ISO9000已認可登錄廠商名錄查詢,http://www.moeabciq.gov.tw/。
31. 董德波,2000,「我國環保標章執行成果與綠色消費」,環保標章簡訊,第15期,http://www.epa.gov.tw/greenmark/mag/15/1.htm。
32. 鄭仁偉、陳家聲,1999,「台灣電子業推動ISO9000品質認證活動的縱斷剖面分析」,東吳經濟商學學報,25: 93-121。
33. 賴麗瑩,2000,「日本綠色採購實施現況-GPN2000年綠色採購問卷調查結果」,環保標章簡訊,第20期,http://www.greenmark.itri.org.tw/mag/20.html。
34. 環境管理報導,2000,經濟部工業局,第20期,http://www.ftis.org.tw/emt/issue20/issue20-6-3.htm。
英文部份:
1.Abott, W.F., and Monsen, R.J. (1979), "On the Measurement of Corporate Social Responsibility: Self-Reported Disclosures As a Method of Measuring Corporate Social Involvement." Academy of Management Journal, 22(3): 501-515.
2.Achrol, R.S., Reve, T. and Stern, L.W. (1983), "The Environment of Marketing Channel Dyads: A Framework for Comparative Analysis." Journal of Marketing, 47(Fall): 55-67.
3.Alexander, J.G., and Buchholz, R.A. (1978), "Research Notes Corporate Social Responsibility and Stock Market Performance." Academy of Management Journal, 21(3): 479-486.
4.Allen, F.E. (1992), "Reducing Toxic Waste Producess Quick Results". The Wall Street Journal, New York, August, 11, B1.
5.Anonymous (1999), "Taiwan: Environmental Sales to Taiwan: It Pays to Get the Green Mark." East Asian Executive Reports, 21(2): 8.
6.Arlow, P. and Gannon, M.J. (1982), "Social Responsiveness, Corporate Structure and Economic Performance." Academy of Management Review, 7(1): 235-241.
7.Berg, J.K. (1997), Environmental Purchasing Guidelines for Organizations, Masters Degree Project, EVDS, The University of Calgary: Calgary, AB.
8.Berry, M.A., and Rondinelli, D.A. (1998), "Proactive Corporate Environmental Management: A New Industrial Revolution." Academy of Management Executive, 12(2): 38-50.
9.Blau, J.R. (1995), "New ISO Standards Aim at Leveling the Playing Field for Green Manufacturers." Machine Design, 67(17): 48-50.
10Boudouropoulos, I.D., and Arvanitoyannis, I.S. (1999), "Current State and Advances In the Implementation of ISO 14000 by the Food Industry: Comparison of ISO 14000 to ISO 9000 to other Environmental Programs." Trends in Food Science & Technology, 9:395-408.
11.Bragdon, J.H., and Marlin, J.(1972), "Is Pollution Profitable?." Risk Management, 19(4): 9-18.
12.Callan, S.J., and Thomas, J.M. (1996), Environmental Economics and Management: Theory, Policy, and Applications, Irwin, Chicago.
35. Capon, N., Farley, J.U., and Hoeing, S. (1990), "Determinants of Financial Performance: A Meta-Analysis." Management Science, 36: 1143-1159.
13.Carbone, J. (1994), "CFC Phase-Out Spurs ‘Green’ Purchasing." Electronic Business Buyer, July: 91.
14.Carter, C.R., and Carter, J.R. (1998), "Interorganizational Determinants of Environmental Purchasing: Initial Evidence from the Consumer Products Industries." Decision Sciences, 29(3): 659-684.
15.Carter, C.R., Ellram, L.M., and Ready, K.J. (1998), ''''Environmental Purchasing: Benchmarking our German Counterparts.'''' International Journal of Purchasing and Materials management, 34(4): 28-38.
16.Carter, C.R., Kale, R., and Grimm, C.M. (2000), "Environmental Purchasing and Firm Performance: An Empirical Investigation." Transportation Research Part E, 36: 219-228.
17.Chin, K.S., and Pun, K.F. (1999), "Factors Influencing ISO14000 Implementation in Printed Circuit Board Manufacturing Industry in Hong Kong." Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 14(1): 123-124.
18.Cohen, M.A., Penn, S.A., and Naimon, J. (1995), Environmental and financial performance: Are they related? . Washington, DC: Investor Responsibility Research Center.
19.Dean, T. and Brown, R. (1995), "Pollution Regulation as a Barrier to New Firm Entry: Initial Evidence and Implications for Future Research." Academy of Management Journal, 38(1): 288-303.
20.Eckel, L., Fisher, K., and Russell, G. (1992), "Environmental Performance Measurement." CMA Magazine, Mar: 12-20.
21.Elwood, H., and Case S. (2000), "Private Sector Pioneers - How Companies are Incorporating Environmentally Preferable Purchasing." Greener Management International: The Journal of Corporate Environment Strategy and Practice, Spring/(GMI 29): 70-94.
22.European Partners For The Environment:http://www.epe.be/workbooks/Gpurchasing/
index.html,2001/3/01.
23.Fielding, S. (1999), "Going for the Green: ISO14001 Delivers Profits." Industrial Management, May/April: 31-34.
24.Fiscal, J., (1995), "How to Green Your Supply Chain." Environmental Today, 6(2): 29-30.
25.Fogler, H.R., and Nutt, F. (1975), "A Note on Social Responsibility and Stock Valuation." Academy of Management Journal, 18: 155-160.
26.Freedman, M., and Jaggi, B. (1982), "The SEC’s Pollution Disclosure Requirements — Are They Meaningful?." California Management Review, 24(2): 60-67.
27.Freedman, M., and Jaggi, B. (1988), "Impact of Government Regulations on Pollution Performance of Pulp and Paper Firms." Environmental Management, 12:391-396.
28.Freeman, P.K. (1994), "Integrating Environmental Risk into Corporate Strategy." Risk Management, 41(7): 54-59.
29.Friedman, M. (1970), "The Social Responsibility of Business is to increase its Profits." New York Times Magazine, 13(September): 328.
30.Garvin, A.O. (1993), "The 12 Commandments of Environmental Compliance." Industrial Engineering, 25(9): 18-22.
31.Gifford, D. (1997), "The Value of Going Green." Harvard Business Review, 75(5): 11-12.
32.Graff, S. (1997), "ISO14000: Should Your Company Develop an Environmental Management System?." Industrial Management, 39(6): 19-22.
33.Green, K., Morton, B., and New, S. (1998), "Green Purchasing and Supply Policies: Do They Improve Companies Environmental Performance?." Supply Chain Management, 3(2): 89-95.
34.Greeno, L., and Robinson, S.N. (1992), "Rethinking Corporate Environmental Management." The Columbia Journal of World Business, 27 (3/4): 222-232.
35.Gupta, M.C., (1995), "Environmental Management and its Impact on the Operations." International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 15(8): 34-51.
36.Hall, J. (2000), "Environmental Supply Chain Dynamics." Journal of Cleaner Production, 8: 455-471.
37.Harrington, L. (1994), "The Art of Reverse Logistics." Inbound Logistics, December (14): 29-36.
38.Holmes, M. (1994), "Buying a Better Future." Purchasing and Supply Management, January: 28.
39.Ilinitch, A.Y., Soderstrom, N.S., and Thomas, T.E. (1998), "Measuring Corporate Environmental Performance." Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, 17(4,5): 383-408.
40.ISO Central Secretariat:http://www.iso.ch/,2001/8/10.
41.ISO/TC 207:http://www.tc207.org/home/index.ht/,2001/8/10.
42.Jaggi, B (1993), Impact of Pollution Performance of Pulp and Paper Firms on Their Economic Performance, Working Paper, Rutgers University.
43.Jaggi, B., and Freedman, M. (1992), "An Examination of Impact of Pollution Performance on Economic and Market Performance: Pulp and Paper Firms." Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, 19(5): 697-713。
44.Jamison, L. (1996), "Environmental Purchasing: Making it Mainstream." Management Services, 4(4): 24.
45.Judge, W.Q., Jr. and Hemi, K. (1994), "An Empirical Investigation of the Scope of Firms’ Enterprise Strategy." Business and Society, 33(2): 167-91.
46.Kellogg, M. (1994), "After Environmentalism: Three Approaches to Managing Environmental Regulation." Regulation, 17(1): 25-34.
47.Klassen, R.D., and McLaughlin, C.P. (1996), "The Impact of Environmental Management on Firm Performance." Management Science, 42(8): 1199-1214.
48.Klassen, R.D., and Whybark, D.C. (1999), "The Impact of Environmental Technologies on Manufacturing Performance." Academy of Management Journal, 42(6): 599-615.
49.Lee, K.M., and Stensel, H.D. (1999), ISO Standards on Environmental Labels and Declarations and Its Implications on The Market, Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 1999. Proceedings. EcoDesign’99: First International Symposium On, pp.504-508.
50.Livingston, S., and Sparks, L. (1994), "The New German Packaging Laws: Effects on Firms Exporting to Germany." International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 24(7): 15-25.
51.Magretta, M. (1997), "Growth Through Global Sustainability: An Interview with Monsanto''s CEO." Harvard Business Review, Jan-Feb: 78-90.
52.Mahatma, S. (1984), "Investor Reaction to Corporate Social Accounting." The Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, 11(1): 29-40.
53.McGuire, J.B., Sundered, A., and Schemes, T. (1988), "Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm Financial Performance." Academy of Management Journal, 31(4): 854-872.
54.Miles, M.P., Manila, L.S., and Mcclurg. (1999), "The Impact of ISO14000 Environmental Standards on Small and Medium Sized Enterprises." Journal of Quality Management, 4(1): 111-122.
55.Miles, M.P., Manila, L.S., and Russell, G.R. (1997), "Marketing and Environmental Registration/Certification What Industrial Marketers Should Understand About ISO14000." Industrial Marketing Management, 26(4): 363-370.
56.Min, H., and Galle, W.P. (1997), "Green Purchasing Strategies: Trends and Implications." International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, 33(3): 10-17.
57.Min, H., and Galle, W.P. (1998), "Cyber-Purchasing Challenges and Opportunities." Proceedings of the 1st North American Research Symposium on Purchasing and Supply Management, March: 281-305.
58.Min, H., and Galle, W.P. (2001), "Green Purchasing Practices of US Firms." International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(9): 1222-1238.
59.Moch, M.K., and Morse, E.V. (1997), "Size, Centralization and Organizational Adoption of Innovation." American Sociological Review, 42(4): 716-725.
60.Mohamed, S.T. (2001), "The Impact of ISO14000 on Developing World Business." Renewable Energy, 23: 579-584.
61.Monczka, R.M., and Trent, R.J. (1995), Purchasing and Sourcing Strategy: Trends and Implications, Tempe, AZ: Center For Advanced Purchasing Studies.
62.Montabon, F., Manly, S.A., Sroufe, R., and Clanton, R.C. (2000), "ISO14000: Assessing its Perceived Impact on Corporate Performance." Journal of Supply Chain Management, 36(2): 4-16.
63.Moskowitz, M.R. (1972), "Choosing Socially Responsible Stocks." Business and Society Review, 1(1): 71-75.
64.Mulder, L. (1998), Green Purchasing: Does It Make Sense, Electronics and The Environment, 1998. ISEE-1998. Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on, pp.123-128.
65.Murray, J.G. (2000), "Effect of a Green Purchasing Strategy: The Case of Belfast City Council." Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 5(1): 37-44.
66.Nakamura-Ku(2000), "The ISO14001 EMS Implementation Process and its Implications: A Case Study of Central Japan." Environmental management, 25(2): 177-188.
67.Nehrt, C. (1996), "Timing and Intensity Effects of Environmental Investments." Strategic Management Journal, 17: 535-547.
68.Nehrt, C. (1998), "Maintainability of First Mover Advantages When Environmental Regulations Differ Between Countries." Academy of Management Review, 23(1): 77-97.
69.Ofori, G. (2000), "Greening the Construction Supply Chain in Singapore." European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 6: 195-206.
70.Parket, I.R., and Eilbirt, H. (1975), "Social Responsibility: The Underlying Factors." Business Horizons, 18(4): 5-10.
71.Patron, A., (2001), "Developing a Methodology for Analysis of Benefits and Shortcomings of ISO 14001 Registration: Lessons from Experience of a Large Machinery Manufacturer." Journal of Cleaner Production, 9: 351-364.
72.Peattie, K. (1992), Green Marketing, London: Pitman Publishing.
73.Porter, M.E., and van der Linde, C. (1995), "Green and Competitive: Ending the Stalemate." Harvard Business Review, September-October: 120-134.
74.Preston, L. (1990), Corporation-Society Research: Retrospect and Prospect, In: Preston, L.E. (Ed.), Research In Corporate and Society Research. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
75.Rezaee, Z. (2000), "Help Keep the World Green." Journal of Accountancy, 190(5): 57-64.
76.Rockness, J., Schlachter, P., and Rockness, H.O. (1986), Hazardous waste disposal, Corporate Disclosure, and Financial Performance in the Chemical Industry, In M. Neimark (Ed.), Advances in Public Interest Accounting, 1(1): 167-191, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
77.Russo, M.V., and Fouts, P.A. (1997), "A Resource-Based Perspective on Corporate Environmental Performance and Profitability." Academy of Management Journal, 40(3): 534-559.
78.Ruth, H. (2000), "Environmental Management System Standards: Environmental Protection the Voluntary Way." The Safety & Health Practitioner, April: 52-54.
79.Sadgrove, K. (1994), The Green Manager''s Handbook, London: Gower Press.
80.Sarkis, J., Nicole M.D., Gerald, I.N., and John W.P. (1995), The Role of Supply Management within the Industrial Ecosystem, Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Service Center.
81.Schmidheiny, S. (1992), Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and the Environment, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
82.Shrivastava, P. (1995), "Ecocentric Management for a Risk Society." Academy of Management Review, 20(1): 118-137.
83.Shrivastava, P., and Hart, S. (1994), "Greening Organizations-2000." International Journal of Public Administration, 17(3,4): 607-635.
84.Spicer, B.H. (1978a), "Investors, Corporate Social Performance and Information Disclosure: An Empirical Study." Accounting Review, 53: 94-111.
85.Spicer, B.H. (1978b), "Market Risk, Accounting Data, and Companies’ Pollution Control Records." Journal of Business, Finance, and Accounting, 5: 67-83.
86.Steger, U. (2000), "Environmental Management System: Empirical Evidence and Further Perspectives." European Management Journal, 18(1): 23-37.
87.Stigson, B. (1998), Sustainability in an era of Globalisation: The Business Response. In: OECD, Globalisation and the Environment: Perspectives from OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Countries. OECD, Paris, pp.59-64.
88.Stock, J.R. (1992), Reverse Logistics, Council of Logistics Management, Oak Brook, IL.
89.Stock, J.R. (1998), Development and Implementation of Reverse Logistics Programs, Council of Logistics Management, Oak Brook, IL.
90.Sturdivant, F, D., and Ginter, J, L. (1977), "Corporate Social Responsiveness: Management Attitudes and Economic Performance." California Management Review, 19(3): 30-39.
91.Swanson, D. (1992), "A Critical Evaluation of Etzioni’s Socioeconomic Theory: Implications for the Field of Business Ethics." Journal of Business Ethics, 11: 545-553.
92.Theyel, G, (2000), "Management Practices for Environmental Innovation and Performance." International Journal of Operations&Production Management, 20(2): 249-266.
93.Tibor, T., and Feldman, I. (1996), ISO 14000: A Guide to the New Environmental Management Standards, Irwin Professional Publishing, Chicago, IL.
94.Truffer, B., Markard, J., and Wustenhagen, R. (2001), "Eco-labeling of Electricity: Strategies and Tradeoffs in the Definition of Environmental Standards." Energy Policy, 29: 885-897.
95.Ullman, A. (1985), "Data in Search of a Theory: A Critical Examination of the Relationship Among Social Performance, Social Disclosure, and Economic Performance." Academy of Management Review, 10: 540-577.
96.United Nations (1993), "Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development." Rio De Janerio, 3-14 June, 1992. United Nations, New York, pp.9-399.
97.Vance, S. (1975), "Are Socially Responsible Corporations Good Investment Risks?." Managerial Review, 64(8): 18-24.
98.Walley, N., and Whitehead, B. (1994), "It’s Not Easy Being Green." Harvard Business Review, 72(3): 46-51.
99.Walton, S.V., Handfield, R.B., and Melnyk, S.A. (1998), "The Green Supply Chain: Integrating Suppliers into Environmental Management Processes." International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, 34(2): 2-11.
100.Weizsacker, E.U., Lovins, A.B., and Lovins, L.H. (1998), Factor Four: Doubling Wealth, Halving Resource Use, London: Earthscan Publications.
101.Wen, J.D., and Chen, M.K. (1998), "Implementation of ISO14000 in Taiwan." Chung Shan Management Review, 6(1): 195-219.
102.Winsemius, P., and Guntram, U. (1992), "Responding to the Environmental Challenge." Business Horizons, 35(2): 12-20.
103.Wiseman, J. (1982), "An Evaluation of Environmental Disclosures made in Corporate Annual Reports." Accounting, Organizations, and Society, 7: 53-63.
104.Zhang, Z. H., Shen, L.Y., Love, P.E.D., and Treloar, G. (2000), "A Framework for Implementing ISO 14000 in Construction." Environmental Management and Health, 11(2): 139-148.
105.Zhao, J., and Xia, Q. (1999), "China’s Environmental Labeling Program." Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 19: 477-497.
106.Zsidisin, G.A., and Siferd, S.P (2001), "Environmental Purchasing: A Framework for Theory Development." European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 7: 61-73.
107.Zsidisin, G.A., and Hendrick, T.E., (1998), "Purchasing''s Involvement in Environmental Issues: A Multi-Country Perspective." Industrial Management & Data Systems, 7: 313-320.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 11. 余騰耀,2000/3,「產業工廠與政府機構因應綠色採購制度之相關措施」,環保資訊季刊,頁9-13。
2. 9. 安寶儀、徐木蘭、劉仲矩,1999,「食品業環境管理之初探-從環保執行面論衡」,科技管理學刊,4(1):147-174。
3. 8. 田效文、鍾宜展、蘇文娟、蔡志弘,2000,「企業環境管理投資效益之研究」,中華管理評論,3(3): 89-98。
4. 4. 于寧、賴明伸,2000,「全球各國政府綠色採購運動之發展現況與展望」,環保標章簡訊,第21期,http://www.greenmark.itri.org.tw/mag/21.html。
5. 2. 于寧,2000,「環境標誌與宣告系列標準之應用現況」,環保標章簡訊,第20期,http://www.greenmark.itri.org.tw/mag/20.html。
6. 1. 于寧,1996,「環保標章與綠色採購」,環保標章簡訊,第4期, hhtp://www.greenmark.org.tw/mag/4/5.html。
7. 15. 徐木蘭、余坤東、沈介文,1997,「傳統文化中企業倫理之探討-中國古籍之研究」,中山管理評論,5(1):49-74。
8. 16. 高明瑞、黃義俊,2000,「影響企業推行綠色管理因素之實證研究」,交大管理學報,20(2):113-148。
9. 19. 許士軍,1999,「新管理典範下的企業倫理」,通識教育季刊,6(3):35-46。
10. 20. 陳小娟、徐木蘭、劉仲矩,1997,「企業環境管理績效評量因素建立之探討」,科技管理學刊,2(1):179-205。
11. 25. 陳鴻基、李有仁、丘和先,1998,「製造業推行ISO9000品保制度之研究:從資訊系統面談起」,中山管理評論,6(1): 85-114。
12. 32. 鄭仁偉、陳家聲,1999,「台灣電子業推動ISO9000品質認證活動的縱斷剖面分析」,東吳經濟商學學報,25: 93-121。