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研究生:劉家銘
研究生(外文):Chia-Ming Liu
論文名稱:廢機動車輛粉碎殘餘物(ASR)熱裂解行為與除氯技術之研究及其衍生燃料(ASRDF)製作探討
論文名稱(外文):The Pyrolysis, De-Chlorine Study of auto Shredder Residue(ASR) and The Fabrication of Auto Shredder Residue Derived Fuel(ASRDF)
指導教授:戴華山戴華山引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huashan Tai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:132
中文關鍵詞:廢機動車輛粉碎殘餘物(ASR)熱裂解熱重分析(TGA)資源回收廢棄物衍生燃料(RDF)
外文關鍵詞:PyrolysisThermogravimetry analysis(TGA)Resource recoveryResidue derived fuel(RDF)Auto shredder residue(ASR)
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廢機動車輛經粉碎處理後,約會產生20~30%之非金屬物質,這些物質通稱為「廢機動車輛粉碎殘餘物」(Auto Shredder Residue,簡稱ASR)。ASR多為不易腐化之物質所組成,不適於掩埋處理,然採焚化處理,恐產生含氯化合物,因此處理上面臨極大困擾。本研究以ASR熱裂解、ASR除氯(Cl)及ASRDF製作等三方面進行探討,提供ASR資源化之選擇。由熱重分析與熱裂解反應動力參數計算得知,ASR之熱裂解呈四階段反應,熱穩定溫度為705℃,熱裂解活化能(Ea)介於13.53~26.20(Kcal/mole),指數前因子(lnA)介於12.34~18.48(hr-1),反應階數(n)則介於1.3~2.2。ASR熱裂解氣體經FTIR分析發現,其主要組成包括:脂肪族碳氫化合物、烷類、炔類、芳香族碳氫化合物、胺類、酯類、二氧化碳、氯化氫及水份等,其中氯化氫之來源,應為塑膠類物質所致。ASR除氯方面,利用改變Ca(OH)2飽和溶液浸泡時間、浸泡溫度及添加Ca(OH)2粉末等三種方式處理ASR,發現浸泡時間增加,氯(Cl)去除率並無顯著改變;浸泡溫度在80℃及100℃時,氯(Cl)去除率有較明顯增加;添加50%Ca(OH)2粉末於ASR,氯(Cl)去除率可達86%,效果較佳,然僅限於高溫焚化,並不適用熱裂解程序。ASRDF成型方面,在160℃、160Kg/cm2條件下,預熱至少6min,可得外觀較佳且密度較高之產品;ASR含水率增加,成型反而不易;粒徑愈小,則愈有利於成型。
There were 20~30% non-metal material had been produced after abandoned automobile vehicle throught the shredding process. These non-metal meaterial were designed Auto Shredder Residue(ASR). Because ASR was made up by a great quantity of non-putrescible material and some of them contain chlorine(Cl), it’s hard to treat ASR properly by using landfill or incineration method. Therefore, the major objective of this study was to find out a better method to treat ASR. The study included the pyrolysis of ASR、de-chlorine(de-Cl) of ASR and fabrication of Auto Shredder Residue Derived Fuel(ASRDF). Results reveal that ASR presented four reaction stage when they were pyrolysis in the nitrogen. The thermal steady temperature of pyrolysis was 705℃, activation energy (Ea), pre-exponential factor of rate constant (lnA), reaction order(n), were between 13.53 and 26.20(Kcal/mole), 12.34 and 18.48 (hr-1), 1.3 and 2.2, respectively. The pyrolysis gas of ASR included mainly aliphatics, alkanes, alkynes, Aromatics, amines, esters, CO2, HCl and H2O. About de-Cl of ASR, it’s not promote efficiency of de-Cl obviously by immersing ASR in Ca(OH)2 saturated solution at different time. However, when the temperature of saturated solution of Ca(OH)2 was rised over 80℃, the de-Cl efficiency became obviously. Adding 50wt% Ca(OH)2 powder into ASR, the de-Cl efficiency could reach 86%. The fabrication of Auto Shredder Residue Derived Fuel(ASRDF) show that, if extrusion conditions were at 160℃、160Kg/cm2 and pre-heating 6min minimum, lower moisture, smaller particle size were resulted good appearance and higher density of ASRDF.
中文摘要I
英文摘要II
誌謝IV
目錄V
表目錄VIII
圖目錄X
第一章緒論1
1-1緣起1
1-2研究動機及目的1
1-3研究架構4
第二章文獻回顧6
2-1廢機動車輛回收處理現況6
2-2ASR之產生與組成12
2-3ASR之物、化性質15
2-4ASR處理方式18
2-4-1掩埋處理18
2-4-2焚化處理18
2-4-3熱裂解23
2-4-4固化/穩定化處理26
2-4-5 ASR資源回收27
2-5ASR除氯32
第三章實驗36
3-1實驗步驟36
3-2實驗材料40
3-3實驗設備及方法41
3-3-1粉碎機-141
3-3-2粉碎機-242
3-3-3混合機42
3-3-4搖篩機43
3-3-5真空烘箱43
3-3-6高溫爐44
3-3-7元素分析儀44
3-3-8硫氯分析儀45
3-3-9RDF固體燃料擠壓成型機46
3-3-10絕熱卡計47
3-3-11熱重分析儀50
3-3-12傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜儀51
3-3-13電磁加熱攪拌器53
3-3-14過濾裝置53
第四章結果與討論54
4-1ASR特性分析54
4-1-1熱值分析54
4-1-2近似分析56
4-1-3元素分析57
4-1-4熱重分析58
4-1-5熱裂解反應動力參數計算61
4-1-6熱裂解氣體組成分析64
4-2ASR除氯探討83
4-2-1Ca(OH)2飽和溶液浸泡處理—改變時間83
4-2-2Ca(OH)2飽和溶液浸泡處理—改變溫度85
4-2-3Ca(OH)2粉末直接添加—改變添加量86
4-2-4ASR添加Ca(OH)2粉末之熱重分析87
4-3ASRDF特性分析89
4-3-1擠壓成型—混合不分層ASR89
4-3-2ASRDF密度分析91
4-3-3擠壓成型—不同含水率ASR92
4-3-4ASRDF回潮率測定93
4-3-5擠壓成型—添加粉狀ASR94
第五章結論與建議96
5-1結論96
5-2建議97
參考文獻98
附錄Ⅰ ASR及其組成物質之熱重分析104
附錄Ⅱ ASR及其組成物質之熱裂解反應動力參數114
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