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研究生:陳宥伸
研究生(外文):You-Shen Chen
論文名稱:纖維強化塑膠(FRP)廢棄物與聚丙烯(PP)、聚乙烯(PE)廢塑膠混摻之研究
論文名稱(外文):Thermoblending Study of Wasted Fiber Reinforced Plastics and Polypropylene, Polyethylene Plastics Waste
指導教授:戴華山戴華山引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huashan Tai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:137
中文關鍵詞:纖維強化塑膠廢棄物廢塑膠混摻資源回收
外文關鍵詞:resources recoveryplastics wastepolyblendingfiber reinforced plastics (FRP)
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
纖維強化塑膠(Fiber Reinforced Plastics,FRP)廢棄物、廢塑膠掩埋時不易分解,焚化時則會產生大量有毒氣體及殘渣,造成二次污染,資源回收則是目前公認最優選的FRP廢棄物及廢塑膠處理方法。本研究即使用廢FRP為強化材,廢塑膠(PP、PE)為基材,依不同比例進行高分子熱融混摻,並藉由對摻合物之熱學性質檢測、界面形態觀察、以及機械性質、動態黏彈性質測試,探討摻合物的結構變化與混摻比例及加工條件間之關聯性。研究結果顯示,PP-FRP、PE-FRP摻合物皆為部份相容或不相容。熔融流率(MI)隨著FRP摻合量增加而下降,FRP顆粒增大時,熔融流率亦降低。比重、硬度及楊氏模數隨FRP摻合量的增加及粒徑的減小而上升;機械強度則因FRP摻合量增加,或FRP粒徑增大而下降;而由抗張伸長率與耐衝擊試驗得知,摻混FRP使得摻合物變為較具脆性的材料。PP-FRP、PE-FRP摻合物之SEM照片發現孔洞的存在,且DMA分析中摻合物之tanδ增大,顯示摻合物中成份分子間的作用力或界面之黏著力微弱,造成PP、PE包覆FRP之能力不足,此為導致摻合物之機械強度下降的主因。
Wasted fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) and plastics waste will make the second pollution problems if they were disposed improperly. Despite of landfill or incineration, wasted FRP and plastics will damage the surrounding environments. Therefore, resources recovery become the best method to well handle these wastes. In this study, polyblending method was applied to recycle the waste by mixing them in various proportion. Thermal properties, morphology, mechanical properties, dynamical mechanical analysis of the blends were used as an index to justify the physical behaviors of blends. The experiment results showed that blends were semicompatible or incompatible. Melt index (MI) of blends was found to be decreased with the increased of FRP proportion and particle size. The specific gravity, hardness and Young’s modulus were increased with the increase of FRP amount but they decreased when the particle size became smaller. The mechanical strength was decreased if increased the FRP proportion or its particle size. Form the tensile and impact strength testing, they behaved a brittle properties. The tanδ of dynamical mechanical analysis was alas increased with FRP amount. These results indicate the frailly interaction between the FRP and the plastics matrix that can be interpreted by the SEM observation.
中文摘要i
英文摘要ii
誌 謝iv
目 錄v
表目錄viii
圖目錄x
一、 緒 論1
1-1 緣 起1
1-2 研究動機4
1-3 研究目的5
1-4 研究架構5
二、 文獻回顧7
2-1 複合材料強化理論7
2-1-1 複合材料7
2-1-2 玻璃纖維強化塑膠9
2-1-3 FRP廢棄物之處理概況12
2-2 高分子混摻概論19
2-2-1 混摻之發展19
2-2-2 高分子混摻理論22
2-2-3 混摻之相容熱力學27
2-3 變形與破壞34
2-3-1 彈性變形34
2-3-2 塑性變形35
2-3-3 破 斷39
2-4 動態機械性質42
三、 實 驗44
3-1 材 料44
3-2 儀器設備47
3-3 實驗流程與方法49
四、 結果與討論54
4-1 射出成型前之進料準備54
4-1-1 前處理54
4-1-2 定量配比與均勻混合57
4-2 射出成型加工條件設定60
4-3 摻合物相容性分析68
4-3-1 相轉移探討68
4-3-2 界面形態觀察70
4-4 摻合物機械性質之探討79
4-4-1 硬 度79
4-4-2 比 重84
4-4-3 抗張強度88
4-5 耐衝擊強度105
4-6 動態機械性質109
五、 結論與建議123
5-1 結 論123
5-2 建 議127
參考文獻128
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