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研究生:李欣育
研究生(外文):Hyin-Yu Lee
論文名稱:分波多工網路動態多重傳輸路由之演算法研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Dynamic Multicast-Routing Algorithms in WDM Networks
指導教授:吳介騫
指導教授(外文):Jieh-Chian Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:電腦與通訊工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:分波多工網路動態多重傳輸光分裂
外文關鍵詞:WDM networksdynamicmulticastlight split
相關次數:
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本論文為架構於稀疏光功率分裂之分波多工網路動態多重傳輸路由。其目的為在於動態多重傳輸通量下,解決架構於分波多工網路多重傳輸路由之選擇問題,其網路限制為(1)網路之光功率分裂是稀疏的;(2)多重傳輸通量(含單點傳輸及廣播通量)之活動期間將動態佔有網路資源。我們提出:使用光森林之概念建置多重傳輸路由,其指導原則是有效的動態指派網路資源,俾使網路效能得以維持。為了達到此目的,我們提出四種鏈路成本函數:擠滿機制(Pack)、分散機制(Spread)、可用之波長數機制(Available Wavelengths,AW)及總波長數結合可用波長數機制(Total Wavelengths and Available Wavelengths,TAW),分別針對可用資源之多寡,定義使用資源之成本,並分析四種鏈路成本函數在稀疏光功率分裂網路之動態多重傳輸通量下,其阻塞機率、平均功率衰減及平均網路延遲之效能表現。由實驗數據結果顯示,在稀疏光功率分裂之分波多工網路下,分散使用網路資源機制(Spread、AW及TAW)不論在阻塞機率、平均功率衰減上皆明顯比集中使用網路資源機制(Pack)要好,其中以TAW之整體效能為最佳。
This thesis is to consider the dynamic multicast routing in WDM networks with sparse light splitting. The objective of this thesis is to solve the routing problem of WDM multicast routing with the constraints that (i) the capabilities of power splitting in the network are sparse, and (ii) the multicast sessions (including unicast and broadcast) dynamically possess network resources. We propose employing the concept of light-forest to construct a multicast routing with the guideline that the network resources must be dynamic allocated effectively and the overall network performance is maintained. To achieve this objective, we propose the four link-cost function, namely, Pack, Spread, Available wavelengths (AW) and Total wavelengths and Available wavelengths (TAW),defined the cost of using a particular network resource based on the availability of the resources. We also evaluate the performance in term of blocking probability, average power loss, and average network delay in dynamic multicast sessions with sparse light splitting in WDM network. In simulation data result show that in performance of blocking and power-loss, Spread, AW and TAW with distributive use of network resource can achieve better performance than Pack with collective use of network resource in WDM network with sparse light splitting. In overall performance, TAW has the best performance.
中文摘要…………………………….………………………………………………i
英文摘要………………….…………………………………………………………ii
誌謝………………………………………………………………………………….iv
目錄……………………….…………………………………………………………v
圖目錄……………….………………………………………………………………vii
表目錄………………………….……………………………………………………ix
壹、緒論…………………………………...…………………………………………1
1.1、前言………………..………………………………………………………1
1.2、網路發展歷史………………..……………………………………………2
1.3、現存研究………..…………………………………………………………3
1.4、研究動機………..…………………………………………………………4
1.5、研究目標…………………..………………………………………………4
貳、分波多工網路之介紹及光交換機結構………………………...………………6
2.1、光路徑、光樹之概念………………………………………………………6
2.2、分波多工網路多重傳輸之網際網路協定之架構……..…………………10
2.3、光交換機之結構………..…………………………………………………12
2.3.1、無光功率分裂及光波長轉換之光交換機結構…..………………..13
2.3.2、具光功率分裂、無光波長轉換之光交換機結構…..………………14
2.3.3、無光功率分裂、具光波長轉換之光交換機結構…………..………16
2.3.4、具光功率分裂及光波長轉換之光換機結構………………………17
參、啟發式建制光森林路由之演算法及鏈路成本函數…………...………………21
3.1、問題描述…………………………………………………………………21
3.2、多重傳輸路由和波長指定…………..……………………………………23
3.3、靜態建制光森林路由之演算法………..…………………………………25
3.4、鏈路成本函數………………………………………………..……………31
3.5、動態建制光森林路由之演算法…………..………………………………36
肆、系統模型和效能分析……………...……………………………………………38
4.1、系統模型………………………………………………………………..…38
4.2、效能分析………………………………………………………..…………39
伍、結論……………………………………………………………...………………52
參考文獻…………………………………………………………….………………53
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