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研究生:王咏華
研究生(外文):Yung-hua Wang
論文名稱:露薏絲·鄂萃曲《愛情靈藥》的生態女性主義讀法
論文名稱(外文):An Ecofeminist Reading of Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine
指導教授:黃心雅黃心雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsin-ya Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:生態女性主義人類中心學說男性中心學說
外文關鍵詞:ecofeministanthropocentrismandrocentrism
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本篇論文的撰寫主旨乃在突顯露薏絲·鄂翠曲在《愛情靈藥》文本中的顛覆意義。 透過生態女性式閱讀(ecofeminist reading),全文重置長久以來被西方論述邊緣化的自然和女性兩大議題。 藉由重新連接祖先對自然和女性尊崇,賦予西化的奇帕瓦部落重生的力量。
首章以美國對於印地安原住民的負面形象為起點,強調唯有透過部落作家的居中調解(mediation)的寫作方式,部落困境方能為外界所知,方能重新建構部落新形象。
次章借助生態女性主義之力探索人類中心學說(anthropocentrism)和男性中心學說(androcentrism),並力證其不當思想是導致原住民困境的主因。
第三章則企圖彰顯部落對自然觀點足以提供良好人格的發展。 透過傳統部落神靈(Manitou)的帶領,奇帕瓦人民得以穿透生/死,人類/非人類以及個人/群體的境界。反之,失去自然連結之人們則遭遇痛苦與疏離。
第四章則藉突顯原住民傳統女性的性自主和大膽的行事作風來說明其與主流的女性形象的差異並力證女性與自然神靈結合的神聖力量。 結論述及鄂翠曲提昇自然與女性地位的成就。

This thesis intends to bring forth my critical concern with Louise Erdrich’s Love Medicine, a Native American novel that deals with Westernized reservation life. Through an ecofeminist study, I read this novel as Erdrich’s attempt to construct a competing narrative while Western anthropocentric and androcentric beliefs exclude nature and women from the civilized realm. Through reconnecting with the ancient Chippewa tradition in Love Medicine, Erdrich not only re-posits nature and women in the center of human lives but also revives the Chippewa people from hierarchal and patriarchal confinements.
In the first chapter, I elucidate existing the negative stereotypes of Native Americans in white Western culture and present Erdrich’s innovative style as a must for making known the Chippewa plight at the present time. In Chapter Two, I bring forth ecofeminist studies, which unveil the formation of anthropocentrism and androcentrism and show how nature and women are linked and enslaved in American society.
In Chapter Three, I aim to show how the tribal concept of nature suffices for developing civilized and well-mannered persons in Love Medicine. Through the guidance of Manitou, the supernatural entity, a Native who connects with nature is free to traverse the alive/dead, human/nonhuman and personal/communal worlds. By contrast, I contend that a person who fails to develop intimacy with nature has no identity at all and must lead an impoverished life.
In Chapter Four, I highlight Erdrich’s use of powerful and unconventional women characters, such as Fleur and Lulu, to challenge patriarchal domination. Through their body, women not only pass on the spiritual legacies they transform from Manitou, but also empower weak and suffering tribal members. In this sense, Native women rectify the Western stereotypes and endorse women’s civilization. In the final chapter, I reiterate Erdrich’s successful strategy for constructing a competing narrative of nature and women based on the Chippewa perspective.

Contents
Acknowledgements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ….... iv
Chinese Abstract . . . . . . . . . . ….. . . . . . . . . vii
English Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . .. . … .. .. . . . viii
Chapter One Introduction. . . . . . . . . … . . . . . . .1
Chapter Two
Why Do We Become the Way We Are?
Laying Bare the Core Ideas of Ecofeminism . . . . . . . . . . 22
Chapter Three
Nature Rebuilding/Identity Reconstructing
A Return to the Dormant Spiritual Concept of Nature
Among Contemporary Chippewa . . ..................... . . . 53
Chapter Four
The Revival of Female's Regenerative Power. . . . .. . . . 88
Chapter Five
Conclusion . . . . . . . .................. . . . . . . . 113
Works Cited . . . . . ...... . ... . . . . . . . . . . . .119

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