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研究生:戴春馨
研究生(外文):Tai Chuen-shin
論文名稱:重新記憶黑人祖先:佟妮‧莫莉生作品《索羅門之歌》、《摯愛》中全新黑人英雄形象
論文名稱(外文):Rememory of the Black Ancestry: The New Afro-American Hero in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon and Beloved
指導教授:黃心雅黃心雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang Hsin-ya
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:重新記憶黑人祖先黑人英雄千面英雄原型
外文關鍵詞:RememoryBlack AncestryAfro-American HeroThe Hero With a Thoudsand Facesarchetype
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論文提要:
本論文主旨在探討莫莉生作品中如何強調在白人強勢文化之下,黑人遺忘固有的歷史、特質及遺產而盲目的追求崇拜白人文化。透過莫莉生的作品,她成功的重整黑人文化與傳統,同時呈現出全新的黑人英雄形象並且鼓舞黑人自我肯定。基本觀念架構上,採用莫莉生尋求脫離傳統體制,打破白人主流意識型態及討論自我追尋主體性時所遭遇之困境。在討論中,莫莉生並且描述到黑人身處於白人價值體系中,自我矮化,以及內化白人文化思想。一方面,莫莉生藉由「再記憶」黑人本身文化,建立自我與黑人社群體的關係。另一方面,所謂的「再記憶」不只是個人的記憶而是轉化成群體共同分享及擁有的回憶。此外,莫莉生作品展現黑人文化根源。
本文共分五章。第一章檢閱在白人的壟斷權利下,著眼於黑人被忽視之窘境及其屬於弱勢族群的事實。在本文章中,我便顛覆改寫坎伯經典的《千面英雄》,而重新塑造黑人英雄之建構。再者,莫莉生也指出黑人在白人文化中的重要立足點及存在價值。第二章主要在於分析莫莉生如何對抗白人宰制及再肯定自我認知是極為重要的。而莫莉生深信重新獲得黑人文化並認清祖先認同是回歸的成長歷程。第三章闡述《索羅門之歌》主角奶人自我認同之轉變旅程。而奶人在尋找自我的過程中同時也重拾黑人民族自信心。本文著重於發覺自我及掙脫長期受到壓迫的自我認同的主體性。第四章討論《摯愛》中「再記憶」為心理和身理上的治療功能。由「再記憶」而勇敢的面對過去的傷痛,才能積極回復自我與社會的互助關係。 此蛻變過程中,企圖修復破碎的身份認同及心靈。而末章即綜述莫莉生的訪談內容及比較其他黑人女性作家與莫莉生相同見解之處。此外莫莉生也點出黑人的自我存在及自我領悟,好幫助他們在文化上的自覺。簡而論之,莫莉生洞察唯有走出過去受迫害之決心,才能重現黑人祖先之光榮。

Abstract
This thesis sets out to explore Morrison’s claim that without the rootedness of their black ancestors, blacks are lost and nameless. By discovering the significance of their black history, folklore and heritage, blacks can recover from the uprootedness of their blackness and become the new Afro-American hero. My discussion is based on Morrison’s work as a revision and rewriting of a buried black culture in a white literary canon. Morrison states that blacks are misread and assimilated according to white concepts. I propose to examine the various ways in which Morrison challenges the dominant idea of whiteness and illustrates the reconstruction of the black community through rememory. Rememory is a memory that goes beyond individual memory and at a deeper level draws from a collective historical memory. Thus Morrison’s work represents the rich testimony of black history.
This thesis is composed of five chapters. The first chapter explains the absence of black text in a white authorized field. By revising the diagram of Campbell’s The Hero with a Thousand Faces, I draw a new diagram representing Morrison’s version of a black hero. Moreover, through Africanism, Morrison states the presence of black values in the white world. The second chapter denotes Morrison’s rejection and elimination of the imposed white cultural baggage. Morrison presents a healing process through a sense of rootedness based on one’s black ancestors. The third chapter focuses on Milkman’s quest for his black identity in Song of Solomon. From the journey, Milkman traces his way back to his lost culture and reconnects himself with his black roots. Chapter Four centers on the “rememory” of one’s black ancestors in Beloved. Through rememory, characters achieve their black subjectivity and reunite with their black community. The last chapter concludes with an analysis of Morrison’s interviews and a comparison of Morrison with other black female writers. Instead of repressing the past, to survive the blacks must live out the wisdom of their ancestors.

Table of Contents
Chapter One
Morrison’s Version of the New Afro-American Hero: Introduction........................................... 1
Chapter Two
The Journey Toward Black Ancestry:
Roots,Community and Identity...........................28
Chapter Three
Flying Back Home to Africa:
The Quest for Authentic Self in Song of Solomon........45
Chapter Four
A Haunting History:
Reconstruction of the Lost Community in Beloved........65
Chapter Five
The New Afro-American Hero:
Morrison’s Black Communal Textuality..................87
Works Cited ...........................................96

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