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研究生:陳金城
研究生(外文):Chen Chin-cheng
論文名稱:後殖民文本等待野蠻人的教學
論文名稱(外文):Teaching Waiting for the Barbarians as a Post-Colonial Text
指導教授:陳靖奇陳靖奇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen Ching-chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:後殖民研究權力解構帝國文明與野蠻的對照新殖民主義全球化顛覆帝國論述霸權
外文關鍵詞:Post-Colonial StudiesPowerDe-scribing the Empirecivilization vs. barbarityNeo-colonialismGlobalizationSubversion of imperial discourseshegemony
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寇茲的小說《等待野蠻人》能使我們更深刻了解我們所居住的世界,及其長久的宰制與解放的歷史。如果我們把本書和其他世界名著比起來,它的情節看似非常簡單,對人物的刻劃也不是盡如人意; 可是,這本表面上看似簡單的小說其實是一個引人深思的寓言故事,提醒我們要注意壓迫者與被壓迫者雙方皆會遭受到創傷與苦痛。本書揭櫫我們內心潛藏的野獸是比外在的野蠻人還要加倍可怕。如果我們無法馴服這匹內在的怪獸,就可能淪為霸權的偏執走狗,而霸權總是會受到挑戰,而且隨時可能被顛覆。
在《等待野蠻人》的教學與閱讀中,我們得以接觸到後殖民研究的一些重要議題。雖然後殖民主義這個包羅很廣的術語很難下定義,但是其菁華在於超越責怪與悲情的詞語,從過去歷史中的受人宰制提昇,走向真正的解放與自由。在目前以全球化為名的新殖民主義中,後殖民主義的議題使我們能意識到宰制力量的存在。更重要的是,藉由這樣的意識,我們希望能夠擺脫它,從而得到真正的解放與免於被宰制。
將後殖民主義的理論應用到我們對《等待野蠻人》的理解時,顯然寇茲是很努力要彰顯文明與野蠻的對比,掌權與失勢的對比。藉由書中書記官敘述他的遭遇,寇茲竭力揭發這種種區分的荒謬。更重要的是,這本小說本身努力想要解構帝國,它象徵一切的帝國主義終將被人唾棄而受到顛覆。

J. M. Coetzee’s novel, Waiting for the Barbarians, is especially illuminating to our understanding of the world we live in and the long history of dominance and liberation. The plot of the novel is deceptively simple and the characterization may not be satisfactory if we compare the novel to world classics. However, the apparently simple novel is a thought-provoking allegory that calls our attention to the traumatic inflictions on both the oppressors and the oppressed. It is aimed at revealing the fact that the beast within is even more appalling than the barbarians without. If we do not know how to tame the beast within, we may reduce ourselves to monomaniac henchmen of hegemonic power, which is always open to challenge and may be subverted.
In teaching and reading the novel Waiting for the Barbarians as a post-colonial text, we are offered the chance to understand the key issues of post-colonial studies. Despite the difficulty to define the portmanteau term Post-colonialism, we may find that its quintessence lies in the goal of transcending the rhetoric of blame and rise from the history of domination toward the actuality of liberation. In our present world of neo-colonialism disguised as globalization, the post-colonial issues are pertinent to our awareness of domination. Embedded in such awareness is the more significant hope for authentic liberation and freedom from being subordinated.
When we apply the post-colonial theories to our understanding of the novel Waiting for the Barbarians, it becomes apparent that Coetzee makes great efforts to lay bare the contrast between civilization and barbarism, between the powerful and the powerless. By means of the Magistrate’s narrative of what has happened to him, Coetzee endeavors to expose the absurdity of such demarcations. More importantly, the novel itself is an effort to de-scribe Empire, which is an allegorical symbol of all forms of imperialism.

Table of Contents
Acknowledgements………………………………………………………i
Chinese Abstract……………………………………………………ii
Abstract……………………………………………………………..iii
Chapter One
Introduction……………………………………………………1
Chapter Two
A Detailed Discussion of the Text Waiting for the Barbarians………………………………………………………………16
Chapter Three
Key Issues of Post-Colonial Studies…………………….44
Chapter Four
Reading Waiting for the Barbarians as a Post-Colonial Text………………………………………………………………………60
Chapter Five
Conclusion…………………………………………………………78
Works Cited………………………………………………………………89

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