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研究生:黃秀敏
研究生(外文):Shiou-min Huang
論文名稱:以合作學習模式閱讀文學名著對高中生英語字彙效益之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Cooperative Learning through Literature: Vocabulary Acquisition of EFL Senior High Students
指導教授:廖本瑞廖本瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pen-shui Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:合作學習名著小說字彙後測前測
外文關鍵詞:cooperative learningliteraturevocabularyposttestpretest
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本研究旨在探討施以小組合作學習的方式閱讀英文名著小說對高中生英語字彙習得之效益。研究對象為高雄縣林園高中76位高三學生,分為實驗、控制兩組,以同樣時間閱讀同一英文名著小說,並分別施以小組合作學習活動及傳統教師教學法,以研究對象所習得之英語字彙程度分別施以前測、後測,作為效益之比較分析,並再對所有研究對象施以問卷調查,以期瞭解他們對合作學習活動及閱讀英文名著之回應。
本研究的結果摘要如下:
1. 在具備基本相似的英文程度及字彙能力,並閱讀同一英文名著小說的 情境下,施以合作學習活動的學生,其英文字彙習得之效益高於施以傳統教師教學法之學生,經統計分析達顯著差異。
2. 控制組接受教師以傳統教學法閱讀英文名著後,英文字彙的後測與前 測成績比較,經統計分析達顯著差異。
3. 實驗組經過異質分組接受合作學習閱讀英文名著後,每一小組間英文字彙後測成績的比較,經統計分析並無達顯著差異。
4. 經問卷調查分析,以合作學習模式及傳統教學模式閱讀英文名著的受試者,其所採取之英文字彙學習策略不同。
5. 經問卷調查分析,英文字彙測驗高成就者(前25%)與低成就者(後25%)對於合作學習教學活動的反應大部分均傾向於正面的肯定。
最後,在文學閱讀的反應上,經問卷分析,大部分受試者也呈現正面意見。因此,本研究建議英文教學可採異質分組合作學習之教學活動,並選擇適當的英文文學名著閱讀,可幫助學生更有效率地學習英文字彙,且能增進閱讀理解力。
This study aims to explore the effects of cooperative learning (CL) through reading English literature on vocabulary acquisition of EFL senior high students. Seventy-six senior students at Lin-yuan Senior High School in Kaohsiung County participate in this study as the subjects, who are separated into the experimental and control groups. During the span of this study, all the subjects in the two groups are assigned to read a simplified version of English novel. In the meantime, they are respectively applied CL activities and traditional teacher-oriented teaching activities. Besides, they are applied the pretest and posttest of vocabulary proficiency to be analyzed and compared the learning effects. At last, a questionnaire is adopted to investigate the subjects’ responses to and perceptions of cooperative learning and literature reading.
The main results of this study are summarized as follows:
1. Under the circumstances of similar English academic performance and vocabulary proficiency, after the subjects finish reading the same English novel, those who are applied CL activities dominate those who are applied traditional teacher-oriented teaching activities in their posttest of English vocabulary proficiency. Through the statistical analysis, the outcome has reached the level of significant difference.
2. The control group, which receives the teacher’s traditional teaching activities while reading the English novel, has reached the level of statistically significant difference in the pretest and the posttest of vocabulary proficiency.
3. The experimental group, which is further divided into heterogeneous small groups and receives CL activities while reading the English novel, does not present the level of statistically significant difference in the posttest of vocabulary proficiency among small groups.
4. Through the investigation and analysis of the questionnaire, the subjects who are respectively applied CL activities and traditional teacher-oriented teaching activities adopt different strategies in learning English vocabulary.
5. Through the questionnaire, both the subjects with higher grades in vocabulary proficiency (the first 25%) and lower grades in vocabulary proficiency (the last 25%) mostly express positive affirmation in the responses to CL activities.
Finally, in the responses to literature reading, through the questionnaire, most subjects hold supportive attitudes. It is, consequently, suggested in this study that reading literature through CL activities not only assists students in learning vocabulary more efficiently, but hopefully promotes their reading comprehension.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ………………………… 1
Background and Motivation ……………………………………………. 1
Statements of the Problems …………………………………………….. 5
Purposes of the Study …………………………………………………… 6
Research Questions …………………………………………………….. 7
Significance of the Study ………………………………………………. 8
Definitions of Terms ……………………………………………………. 8
Limitations of the Study ………………………………………………… 9
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW ……………….. 11
Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 11
Theories of L2 Vocabulary Instruction …………………………………... 11
Functions of L2 Literature Reading ……………………………………… 15
Definitions and Benefits of Cooperative Learning (CL) ………………… 19
Theoretical Foundations of CL …………………………………………... 23
Achievements of Research on CL ……………………………………….. 28
Theories and Functions of Three Major CL Activities …………………... 32
Student Team and Achievement Division (STAD) ………………….. 32
Jigsaw ……………………………………………………………….. 35
Discussion Group (DG) …………………………………………….. 37
Perplexity and Limitations of CL ………………………………………. 39
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY ……………………. 43
Subjects …………………………………………………………………. 43
Instruments ……………………………………………………………… 45
The Text of a Simplified Novel …………………………………….. 45
Two Word Lists …………………………………………………….. 47
Two Tests of Vocabulary Proficiency ………………………………. 50
A Questionnaire …………………………………………………….. 52
Research Design ………………………………………………………… 52
Procedures ………………………………………………………………. 55
Data Analysis ……………………………………………………………. 61
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ……….. 63
Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 63
The Results of the Pretest of Vocabulary Proficiency …………………… 63
The Results of the Posttest of Vocabulary Proficiency ………………….. 66
The Comparison of the Pretest and the Posttest of the Control Group ….. 68
The Comparison of the Posttest Among Different Learning Groups
in the Experimental Group ………………………………………………. 69
The Comparison of Learning Vocabulary from Literature through
Cooperative and Individual Learning ……………………………………. 72
The Comparison of Different Attitudes toward and Responses to CL …... 74
The General Responses to Literature Reading …………………………... 79
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSIONS, IMPLICATIONS AND
SUGGESTIONS ……………………………. 83
Conclusions ………………………………………………………………. 83
Pedagogical Implications ………………………………………………… 85
Suggestions for Future Research ………………………………………… 87
REFERENCES ……………………………………………………….. 89
APPENDIXES ……………………………………………………… 105
Appendix A …………………………………………………………….. 105
Appendix B-1 Word List One ………………………………………. 106
Appendix B-2 Word List Two ………………………………………. 108
Appendix C-1 Pretest of Vocabulary Proficiency …………………… 110
Appendix C-2 Posttest of Vocabulary Proficiency ………………….. 112
Appendix D Questionnaire ……………………………………….. 114
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