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研究生:許光中
研究生(外文):Hsu kuang-chung
論文名稱:《小鎮故事》:關於喬治.威勒的一本「教育小說」
論文名稱(外文):WINESBURG OHIO:A BILDUNGSROMAN ABOUT GEORGE WILLARD
指導教授:廖本瑞廖本瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liao Pen-shui
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:教育小說怪誕人物英雄旅程成熟溝通平衡藝術與現實夢想信念
外文關鍵詞:Bildungsromangrotesqueshero's journeymaturitycommunicationbalanceart and societydreamsfaithand love
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《小鎮故事》是一本以喬治.威勒為主角的「教育小說」(Bildungsroman)。 藉由他的內心發展,讀者體會到人臻於成熟均衡的歷程並非易事,而是一連串磨練與蛻變。 對每位閱讀這本小說的人而言,安得生提供了一段隱涵教育的洗鍊。 這就是本論文所要研究之主題。
第一章引述艾德溫.發索( Edwin Fussell) 在1960年所提出的論點, 認為《小鎮故事》是一本描述年輕藝術家的教育小說,而且他也論及這部小說的重要主題:如何在藝術與現實中取得平衡。 第二章討論「教育小說」的定義, 並引述勞麗.亨利(Laurie Henry)還有陶德.孔傑(Todd Curtis Konje) 關於「教育小說」的看法。 不過蘇珊.哈得(Suzanne Harder)的定義最適合說明這本小說為何是一本「教育小說」, 因為將蘇珊的四點定義印證在小說中,非常吻合。 第三章討論「怪誕人物」(grotesques) 和主角喬治的關係。基本上,這些孤芳自賞而寂寞的「怪誕人物」都是喬治的導師,因為他們分別在不同的階段影響或指引喬治。這其中又以代表無法溝通情感的溫.比得邦姆(Wing Biddlebaum)、 無法溝通思想的瑞飛醫生(Doctor Reefy)、 以及無法溝通愛的依莉莎白.威勒(Elizabeth Willard) 最具有代表性,因為他們正是現代人困擾與苦惱的影射。 分析喬治如何與這些「怪誕人物」互動,可以反省現代人類煩惱不安的原因。 第四章分析喬治的成長歷程,並且引用神話學大師約瑟.坎伯(Joseph Campbell) 的英雄旅程三階段來分析喬治如何跟隨英雄的腳步,追求內心靈魂提昇及平衡的過程。
喬治在這本小說中的選擇、挫折及心靈試煉就是我們人生發展的最佳寫照。 如何在藝術與社會中取得平衡,有夢想、有信念、有愛,努力開發這段旅程,正是這本「教育小說」對其讀者的最大期許。

Winesburg, Ohio is a Bildungsroman focusing on the maturity of the protagonist─George Willard. By examining his inner development, we know that it is never easy for a person to go through a soul-searching journey to become mature and balanced. Sherwood Anderson provides us with an educational experience through reading this novel. This thesis intends to study Winesburg, Ohio as a Bildungsroman about George Willard.
Chapter One is the introduction to this thesis. As a matter of fact, Edwin Fossell has pointed out that Winesburg, Ohio is a Bildungsroman about a young artist’s dilemma between art and society. Chapter Two discusses the definitions of Bildungsroman by Laurie Henry and Todd Curtis Kontje. The latter states the origin of Bildungsroman and its five distinctive features. Nevertheless, I prefer the explanation of Suzanne Harder because her discussions best portray the development of George Willard. Chapter Three deals with how “grotesques” are related to the protagonist. Basically, they are, so to speak, George Willard’s personal “mentors.” They have directly or indirectly influenced him and guided him through the process of maturity. Among them are Wing Biddlebaum, Doctor Reefy, and Elizabeth, who respectively represent the embarrassing situation of human beings in communicating feelings, thoughts, and love. These people are the microcosm of modern people’s bothering and trouble. Chapter Four concerns George Willard’s developing process. Joseph Campbell’s theory is applied to the discussion of the hero’s journey. By going through the three stages of the hero─George Willard, we see how an innocent and immature soul struggles through the trials and reaches the sphere of an elevated and balanced soul. The choices between his art and society, dream, faith, as well as love illuminate and educate us to dig through our own journey in life. That is what Winesburg, Ohio as a Bildungsroman is about.
Table of Contents
Chapter One
Introduction…………………………………………………… 1
Chapter Two
“Bildungsroman” and Its Relevance to Winesburg, Ohio
………………………………………………………………..15
Chapter Three
The “Grotesques” in Relation to George Willard
………………………………………………………………...38
Chapter Four
George Willard’s Development.………………………………..60
Chapter Five
Conclusion.…………………………………………………. 109
Selected Bibliography .………………………………………… ….116

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