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研究生:楊秀春
研究生(外文):Hsiu-Chun Yang
論文名稱:國語聲母聽辨測驗之編製研究
論文名稱(外文):The Development of Mandarin Consonant Recognition Test
指導教授:陳小娟陳小娟引用關係林永松林永松引用關係吳裕益吳裕益引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:特殊教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:特殊教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:國語聲母聽辨測驗PI-PB重度以下感音性聽力損失
外文關鍵詞:Mandarin consonant recognition test (MCRT)PI-PBhearing impaired children
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本研究主旨有二,一為了解臨床聽力檢測現況,二為發展一份選項式國語聲母聽辨測驗材料並考驗其信效度。問卷調查是以臨床聽力檢查人員為對象,自編測驗之受試包括聽力正常兒童30名、重度以下感音性聽力損失兒童30名、超耳蝸病變患者1名。
研究結果摘述如下:
一、臨床檢測人員最大之難題在於遇到難測對象時,不知如何彈性施測以及測驗字詞材料之缺乏等。
二、目前臨床最常用的字詞聽辨測驗材料為中國語音均衡字彙表WSA25-1表,其中有三成醫院將之併用於兒童與成人。
三、以正常聽力兒童測得之國語聲母聽辨測驗PI-PB曲線,每分貝之辨識率為4.28%。與國內外其他語音測驗之PI曲線比較,在聽辨得分20%到80%區段,每分貝之辨識率(斜率值)從大到小依次為,W-22>NU-6>國語聲母聽辨測驗>王氏測驗(王、張)>PB-50>王氏測驗(本研究)。由此結果得知聽常兒童聽取國語聲母聽辨測驗,單位音量下之辨識率比王氏測驗高。
四、重度以下聽力損失兒童之施測結果顯示(一)國語聲母聽辨測驗與子音聽辨測驗、WSA25-1及WSA25-2具良好之同時效度,(二)國語聲母聽辨測驗具重測信度,(三)WSA25-1、WSA25-2與WSA50全表具折半信度,(四)WSA25-1與WSA25-2具複本信度。
五、正常聽力兒童聽取國語聲母聽辨測驗之信度為.82。
六、超耳蝸病變患者在WSA25-1表及國語聲母聽辨測驗之音量得分曲線皆無出現滑落(rollover)現象。
本研究根據上述之研究結果,提出對臨床聽力檢測以及未來研究
方向之建議。
The purposes of the study were to understand the current status of word recognition test in clinics, to develop Mandarin Consonant Recognition Test (MCRT), and to test the reliability and validity of the newly developed test. The subjects of the questionnaire were clinicians who worked in hospitals. There were three groups of subjects who took MCRT test. They were 30 normal hearing children, 30 children whose hearing loss were between mild to severe, and 1 retrocochlear patient. The results indicated the following.
1. The biggest difficulty encountered by clinicians was how to adjust the
test for subjects who were ADHD or mental deficiency.
2. The most frequently used speech recognition test material was Wang''s
PB-word list. Thirty percent of hospitals used the material to test both
adults and children.
3. Normal hearing subjects’ scores in PI function of MCRT tset showed a
steep rise between the section of 20 to 80 %. The rate of rising in this part of the curve was about 4.28% per dB. The recognition percentage of the curve per dB from large to small was W-22 > NU-6 > MCRT > Wang''s PB word test (Wang & Gen) > PB-50 > Wang''s PB word test (this study).
4. Impaired children''s speech scores showed that (1) MCRT, Chen''s
Consonant Recognition Test, WSA25-1 and WSA25-2 were closely
related. It indicated that MCRT had good simultaneous validity. (2) MCRT showed good test-retest reliability. (3)Half list of Wang''s PB word test had good reliability. (4) WSA25-1 and WSA25-2 could be substituted for each other.
5. The internal consistency of the reliability for normal hearing subjects in
MCRT was .82.
6. The PI function curve of the retrocochlear patient did not show rollover
effect in MCRT and Wang''s PB word test.
Some suggestions for the practical use and future researches of the test were proposed.
目 錄
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………….….1
第一節 研究動機……………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題………………………………………7
第三節 名詞釋義…………………………………………………..11
第二章 文獻探討……………………....…………….…….12
第一節 語音測驗之發展及功能……………….…...………….12
第二節 中國語音均衡字彙表之編製過程…………………….….20
第三節 字詞聽辨測驗編製之考量………………………………..25
第四節 語音測驗之信效度………………………………………..30
第五節 超耳蝸病變………………………………………………..37
第三章 方法……………………………………….………….…..39
第一節 臨床語音聽力測驗材料使用現況調查….………………39
第二節 編製測驗與施行語音聽力測驗………………………….41
第四章 結果與討論……………………………………………….60
第一節 臨床聽力檢測現況……..…………………………….….60
第二節 正常聽力與重度以下聽力損失兒童之字詞聽辨得分…75
第三節 PI-PB曲線……………………………………………….79
第四節 國語聲母聽辨測驗與子音聽辨測驗、王氏測驗之同時
效度……………………………………………………...85
第五節 國語聲母聽辨測驗之信度分析………………….….…..89
第六節 王氏測驗之折半信度與複本信度………………………92
第七節 正常聽力兒童聽辨WSA25-1測驗之錯誤率分析……..94
第八節 測驗的應用-超耳蝸病變患者之施測結果……………99
第五章 結論與建議………...……………………………………...101
第一節 結論……………………………………………………...101
第二節 建議……………………………………………………...104
參考書目……………………………………………………...109
一、中文部分
王老得、蘇富美 (民68 ):中國語音均衡字彙表之編製研究。耳鼻喉科醫
學會雜誌,14 卷,2期。
王老得、張蓓莉 (民 69 ):中國語音均衡字彙表臨床應用之研究。耳鼻喉
科醫學會雜誌,16 卷,1期。
王南梅(民86):人工電子耳兒童口語溝通能力與發展之研究。行政院國家
科學委員會專題研究計劃第一年成果報告,NSC85- 2331- B182A-060。
李宗伊 (民73 ):中文語詞聽閾鑑定題材的發展。中華醫誌,32,282-8。
利文鳳(民 87):學齡前兒童國語語音閾測驗之編製。國立高雄師範大
學特殊教育學系碩士論文。
林永松、李正順、陳小娟、李國玲(民83):台語語詞聽閾檢定的編製研
究。中耳醫誌,29,457-463。
林永松、張簡培崙、沈美玲(民86):中文揚揚格語詞聽閾檢定表。中耳醫
誌,32,7-13。
陳小娟(民88):三至八歲聽覺障礙兒童語音聽知覺接受力之研究. 特殊教育與復健學報,第七期。
張斌(民49):中國語詞聽力檢查表初步研製。中華醫學會雜誌,7,219-224。
教育部(民88):八十七年口語語料調查報告書。
教育部(民88):八十七年常用語詞調查報告書。
蘇義彬(民51):中國語音聽力檢查語詞之選定。台灣醫學會雜誌,61(1)。
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