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研究生:王豐勝
研究生(外文):Feng-Sheng Wang
論文名稱:網路教學中分組滿意度之達成
論文名稱(外文):Grouping for Satisfaction on Web-Based Learning
指導教授:孫培真孫培真引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pei-Chen Sun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:資訊教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:網路學習分組滿意度分組學習
外文關鍵詞:web-based learninggrouping satisfactiongroup learning
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分組學習是一種重要的學習方式,小組成員之間的滿意度已被證實是一種影響分組過程與產出的關鍵因素。在傳統教學環境中,學生可以很容易地面對面接觸並快速找到自己喜歡的組員。然而,對於網路學習而言,由於學生散佈各地且缺乏傳統社會性的互動,構成滿意的分組即較為困難。是否能在短時間為學生分組以及使這些分組具有高滿意度,教學者在網路教學中經常會面臨這樣的兩難局面。因此本研究即著眼於解決網路教學所遭遇的以上分組問題,並致力於幾項重要的關鍵課題。以資料探勘技術從上百個分組中找出滿意度的法則;從法則的推論與應用而設計創新的分組方法;從實證中驗證並評估分組方法的效能,這三者是本研究所達成的主要貢獻。將近750位網路學習的學生參與3次主要的分組實驗,其結果顯示本研究所設計的分組方法與學生自己分組,在比較後發現有相同水平滿意程度,並且在網路教學中具有更佳的成本效益。
Learning by grouping is one of the most important learning approaches. It has been shown that satisfaction of group members within their group is a key factor on their group learning processes and outcomes. Students can easily and quickly form their own favorite learning groups in traditional class environment through face-to-face contact. However, it’s difficult to do such interaction on web, because students live far away from one another and being lack of traditional social interactions. Instructors are always in a dilemma as to group students in short time or with high satisfaction on web-based courses. Therefore, this study focuses on solving these problems of grouping on web-based learning, and devoting to several related important topics. Find satisfaction rules from hundreds of groups by data mining technique. Design innovative grouping methods according as rules we found. Validate and evaluate efficacies of grouping methods. Those above-mentioned are three major contributions of this study. Three experiments with approximate 750 students participated were conducted to investigate the validity and efficiency of those methods. The results show that, compared with self-grouping, the methods we developed in this study will not only result in the same level of satisfaction but also have higher benefit-cost rate.
Chapter 1. Introduction......................................1
1.1 Research Background...................................1
1.2 Research Motives and Objectives.......................2
1.3 Contents Arrangement..................................4
Chapter 2. Literature Reviews................................6
2.1 Cooperative Group Learning............................6
2.2 Group Satisfaction....................................7
2.3 Studies about Grouping for Learning...................9
2.4 Summary..............................................10
Chapter 3. Rules Discovering................................11
3.1 Attributes Selection among Groups....................11
3.1.1 Value Types.......................................14
3.1.2 Learning Periods (Time)...........................15
3.1.3 Ages..............................................16
3.1.4 Regions...........................................16
3.2 Rules Mining Tools: Decision Tree Techniques.........18
3.3 Algorithm & Implementation...........................20
3.3.1 Attributes Encoding...............................20
3.3.2 Entropy Function & Entropy Variables Redesign.....21
3.3.3 Algorithmes.......................................25
3.3.4 Data Collection...................................26
3.3.5 Manipulation of ID3-C4.5 Classifier...............29
3.4 Rules Findings of High Satisfaction..................31
An additional remark: Evidence of Similarity Theory...33
Chapter 4. Grouping Method (I):
System-Based Grouping Method & Validations............36
4.1 Rules Applying.......................................36
4.2 Method Design: K-means Clustering Technique..........38
4.3 Implementation.......................................40
4.4 Validations..........................................46
4.4.1 Statistic Analysis................................46
4.4.2 Comparison with Rules.............................48
Chapter 5. Grouping Method (II):
Facilitation-Based Grouping Method.................51
5.1 Reasons & Method Design..............................51
5.2 Implementation.......................................52
5.2.1 Tasks of teachers'' facilitation...................53
5.2.2 Redesign of grouping algorithm and its manipulation
..................................................55
5.2.3 Main Procedure of this reformed grouping method...56
5.3 Validation...........................................57
Chapter 6. Comparaisons & Analyses..........................60
6.1 Empirical Investigation..............................60
6.2 Results: Comparisons.................................64
6.3 Analysis & Discussion................................66
Chapter 7. Conclusion & Discussion..........................70
7.1 Contributions........................................70
7.2 Limitations..........................................71
7.3 Discussion...........................................71
7.4 Future Works.........................................72
References..................................................73
Appendix: Satisfaction questionnaire (Gladstein 1984).......80
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