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研究生:李佩珊
研究生(外文):LEE, PEI-SHAN
論文名稱:大專院校學生個別諮商結案之分析研究
論文名稱(外文):Termination of Counseling in the University Students Counseling Center
指導教授:廖鳳池廖鳳池引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIAO, FENG-TSU
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:輔導研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:234
中文關鍵詞:諮商結案結案指標結案方式結案感受
外文關鍵詞:termiantion of counselingtermination criteriatermination processtermination reaction
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本研究主要目的在了解諮商結案的影響因素、諮商師結案指標、諮商結案方式與來談者的結案感受。本研究共邀請國內大專院校諮商諮商中心的四位諮商師以及十一位來談者參與研究,研究者採標準化開放式訪談與多重個案深度研究法收集資料,並以質化方式進行分析。結果發現:
一、 諮商結案的影響因素可分「促成繼續諮商」與「考慮結束諮商」兩部份,促成繼續諮商的因素有「諮商師因素」、「來談者因素」與「諮商進程因素」,考慮結束諮商的因素有「來談者自評之結案準備度」、「諮商師評估之結案指標」與「其他因素」三項:來談者自評之結案準備度包含「自我知覺之正向改變」、「具備結案意圖」與「問題現況改善」三種,其他因素則包含「機構因素」與「私人因素」兩項。
二、 諮商師的結案指標會受其結案認知所影響,包含「來談者有正向改變」、「來談者有結案意願」、「評估無法協助改變」、「來談者停滯現象改善」與「來談者不再依賴諮商」等五項。綜合來談者與諮商師對結案評估之一致性,可將諮商結案類型分成四種,分別為「完滿的結案」、「過早的結案」、「不成熟的結案」與「被迫的結案」。
三、 諮商結案方式包含「討論結案」、「回顧諮商」、「評估現況」、「展望未來」及「其他」,不同諮商師具有不同的結案風格,其討論結案比例與討論結案時機皆有差異。
四、 來談者的結案感受會依諮商階段與結案類型而有所不同。來談者在諮商初期與諮商過程中未必會具備結案概念,而其結案感受可分為「正向感受」、「負向感受」與「平常心」三類。
The purpose of this research is to realize some aspects of counseling termination, which includes the essential factors for counseling termination, counselor‘s termination criteria, counseling terminating processes, and client’s reactions toward termination. In aspects of research methods, the qualitative research is the main direction, 4 counselors and 11 clients of university and college are invited to proceed with a standardized open interview and Multiple-case Depth Research to collect data. Then analysing its content as analytics. After integrating the result of data analysis, it came out with the results as follow:
1. Three essential factors for counseling termination are client’s assessments of readiness to end, counselor’s assessments of termination criteria and other factors. Client’s assessments are including positive change, intention of terminating and question resolved. Other factors are including institutional factors and private factors.
2. Counselor’s termination criteria are including client’s positive change and intention of terminating, unable to help, improving the backup situation, and the client doesn’t depend on counseling any more. Comparing both client’s and counselor’s assessments toward termination, then got four types of counseling termination: positive termination, counselor-side premature termination, client-side premature termination, and forced termination.
3. Counseling terminating processes can be sorted as discussing termination, retrospection, stocktaking and looking ahead. Each counselor has different style on terminating his or her cases, proportion of discussing termination, and timing of discussing termination.
4. Client’s reactions toward counseling termination is different with counseling phases, and may not have any concept of termination in initial phase or in processes of counseling. Client’s affective reactions toward termination are sorted as positive feeling, negative feeling and usual feeling.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的………………………………………1
第二節 研究問題………………………………………………3
第三節 名詞解釋………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 諮商結案………………………………………………5
第二節 結案結案的影響因素…………………………………16
第三節 諮商結案的方式………………………………………32
第四節 來談者的結案感受……………………………………42
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究取向與方法………………………………………47
第二節 研究參與者……………………………………………48
第三節 研究工具與研究者角色………………………………53
第四節 研究程序………………………………………………60
第五節 資料整理與分析………………………………………64
第六節 信度與效度檢核………………………………………67
第四章 諮商結案過程之描述與分析
第一節 諮商結案過程之基本資料與整體描述………………71
第二節 諮商結案的影響因素…………………………………87
第三節 諮商結案的方式……………………………………139
第四節 來談者的結案感受…………………………………182
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論…………………………………………………205
第二節 建議…………………………………………………209
參考文獻
中文部分………………………………………………………214
英文部分………………………………………………………217
附 錄
附錄一 諮商研究邀請函……………………………………226
附錄二 諮商師參與研究同意書……………………………228
附錄三 來談者參與研究同意書……………………………229
附錄四 諮商基本資料表……………………………………230
附錄五 訪談日誌……………………………………………232
附錄六 錄音帶謄寫須知……………………………………234
附圖目錄
圖4-2-1 四種結案類型圖……………………….……………137
圖4-2-1 諮商結案分析架構圖………………….……………138
圖4-3-1 諮商師甲在各次諮商的結案段落變化圖………….167
圖4-3-2 諮商師乙在各次諮商的結案段落變化圖………….168
圖4-3-3 諮商師丙在各次諮商的結案段落變化圖………….169
圖4-3-4 諮商師丁在各次諮商的結案段落變化圖………….170
圖4-3-5 「完滿的結案」的結案段落變化圖…………………171
圖4-3-6 「不成熟的結案」的結案段落變化圖………………173
圖4-3-7 「被迫的結案」的結案段落變化圖…………………173
附表目錄
表2-3-1 結案行為檢核表(來談者用)……………………35
表2-3-2 結案行為檢核表(諮商師用)……………………36
表3-2-1 諮商師基本資料……………………………………49
表3-2-2 來談者基本資料……………………………………51
表3-2-3 結案段落判斷原則…………………………………52
表3-3-1 試驗性研究之來談者訪談大綱……………………52
表3-3-2 試驗性研究之諮商師訪談大綱……………………53
表3-3-3 正式研究之來談者訪談大綱………………………55
表3-3-4 正式研究之諮商師訪談大綱………………………55
表3-4-1 諮商過程錄音帶收集情形…………………………63
表3-5-1 逐字稿謄錄格式範例………………………………64
表3-5-2 劃出重要句之示例…………………………………66
表3-6-1 來談者對其描述文之評估與感想…………………69
表4-1-1 十一組諮商過程資料整理…………………………72
表4-2-1 來談者自我評估之結案準備度一覽表……………110
表4-2-2 諮商師評估之結案指標一覽表……………………135
表4-3-1 諮商結案方式一覽表(之一)……………………146
表4-3-2 諮商結案方式一覽表(之二)……………………164
表4-3-3 每次諮商之結案段落比例表………………………166
表5-1-1 來談者不同階段的結案感受………………………199
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