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研究生:劉麗娟
研究生(外文):Lih-Jiuan Liu
論文名稱:未婚女性關係中自我的移動
論文名稱(外文):Self-transformation of unmarried women in relationships
指導教授:林妙容林妙容引用關係
指導教授(外文):Miao-Jung Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:輔導研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:150
中文關鍵詞:未婚女性自我自我的移動敘說分析
外文關鍵詞:unmarried womensense of selfself-transformationnarrative analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:147
  • 點閱點閱:3741
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:892
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:15
中文摘要
本研究的目的在瞭解未婚女性在關係脈絡中自我的形成與改變,其中採用深度訪談做為資料蒐集的方式,並以敘說研究進行內容的分析,並藉著故事的敘說,以瞭解影響自我在關係中形成的因素,以及促成關係中自我移動的原因及其方式。歸納研究的結果發現:
一、關係中自我的形成方面:關係對於女性而言,是形成自我的基礎;而關係的互動也會影響自我的建構。其中,個人特質傾向影響關係中自我的因應、原生家庭經驗影響自我之建構、升學主義影響自我的評價與他人的關係、性別偏見影響女性自覺、性別刻板印象則影響女性自我的展現。
二、關係中自我的移動方面:移動的本身常來自於自我的不平衡狀態,這樣的不平衡可能基於自我更深的認識,也可能是基於需求的無法滿足,為了達成一致與平衡,只好做出移動的調適。而其內涵則包括自我的移動是動態的平衡、自我瞭解是促成移動的契機、個人成熟影響關係轉變、關係互動影響自我的移動、工作經驗帶來自我的肯定。
三、關係中自我移動的方式:若分別以自我與關係為向度,則關係中自我的移動,可歸納如下。
(一)自我之於自我的移動:個人對自我態度的移動包括從否定拒絕到肯定接納,以及從理想我回歸到現實我,這樣的移動代表的是對自我的調整。
(二)自我之於關係的移動:包括認知上對關係的期待,從理想落於現實;情意上對關係的糾結,從不甘心到釋懷;行動上對關係的經營,從先天優勢到後天努力;以及定位上對關係的看待,從自我中心到非自我中心。
(三)關係之於自我的移動:可分為兩方面,一是從他人眼光到重新框架,即從透過他人眼光來看待自我及事物,到能夠以自我的眼光重新認定意義;另一則是從他人期待到自我內化,即原本只是順應他人的期待,到逐漸內化其中,成為自我特質的一部份。
(四)關係中彼此的移動:指自我與關係中他人角色或互動方式的改變。 即成年女性與父母角色功能的反轉。從原本的受照顧、聽從意見的角色,轉而照顧父母、給予意見。此外,成年女性也開始認同母親,這樣的認同來自於女性自覺的產生與個人的成熟,而認同的並非是對其實踐性別或母職角色的方式,而是以一個成年的女性角度,看待母親這個女人,而達成新的關係連結。
最後,根據本研究發現,提出反思與建議。
Abstract
The thesis intends to discover unmarried woman’s self developing and changing in relationships. The in-depth interview and the narrative inquiry are used as the methods to collect the material and to analyze the content. Through the narrating of the story, it explores the factors of self-developing in relationships, and the reasons and ways of activating self-transformation. The results are as follows:
1.Self-developing in relationships: For females, relationships are the foundation of developing the self. The interaction among the relationships can also influence the constructing of the self. The factors include individual characteristics, the experiences from the original family, education pursuing problems, gender bias, and the stereotypical impression of the sex.
2.Self-transformation: The transformation often comes from the unbalanced situation of the self. Such unbalance may be based on the further knowledge of the self, or on the unsatisfying of the needs. To reach an agreement and a balance, the adjustment is made by transforming. The matters include self-understanding, personal maturity, the interaction of the relationship, and working experience.
3.Ways of Self-transformation in relationships: The ways of self transforming in relationships in terms of the self and the relationship are as follows:
(1)Self and self-transformation: The changing of individual’s attitude towards oneself involves the process from negative denial to positive acceptance, and the process from the idealistic me to the realistic me. Such changing represents the adjustment of the self.
(2)Self and the changing of relationships: It concerns the expectations for relationships, the tangled affections for relationships, the managing of relationships, and the self-locating in relationships.
(3)Relationships and the self-transformation: It can be explained in two aspects. First, it’s a process from viewing oneself and things from others’ views to re-defining things from personal views. Second, it’s a process from catering to others’ expectation to gradually internalizing to become a part of self-characteristics.
(4)The changing of each other in relationships: Namely, it’s the reverse of the roles of the adult woman and her parents, from being looked after and obeying the opinions to giving attention and advices to her parents. Besides, a grown-up woman starts to identify herself from her mother. Such identification comes from the occurrence of female consciousness and the maturing of the self. She views her mother as a woman from an adult female’s point of view and then reaches a new connection..
In the end, some reflections and suggestions are provided according to this study.
目錄
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機……………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與問題……………………………………………5
第三節 名詞釋義……………………………………………………6
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………7
第一節 成年前期社會心理發展理論………………………………7
第二節 自我之相關理論……………………………………………12
第三節 關係中自我及其相關研究…………………………………15
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………21
第一節 研究取向與方法……………………………………………21
第二節 研究參與者與研究工具……………………………………25
第三節 研究程序……………………………………………………30
第四節 研究的可信賴性……………………………………………33
第四章 受訪者的生命故事…………………………………………35
第一節 咪咪的故事…………………………………………………36
第二節 Edward的故事………………………………………………43
第三節 Stella的故事…………………………………………………50
第四節 妙茹的故事…………………………………………………57
第五節 Angela的故事………………………………………………64
第六節 英子的故事…………………………………………………69
第七節 蓓兒的故事…………………………………………………77
第五章 綜合分析與討論……………………………………………85
第一節 受訪者關係中自我發展分析………………………………85
第二節 影響受訪者關係中自我移動的原因………………………102
第三節 受訪者關係中自我的移動…………………………………111
第四節 關係中自我移動之相關議題討論…………………………121
第六章 結論與建議…………………………………………………127
第一節 研究結論……………………………………………………127
第二節 反思與建議…………………………………………………132
參考文獻……………………………………………………………135
中文部分……………………………………………………………135
英文部分……………………………………………………………139
附錄……………………………………………………………………146
附錄一 協同研究邀請函……………………………………………146
附錄二 訪談札記……………………………………………………148
附錄三 逐字稿謄寫須知……………………………………………149
附錄四 故事檢核回饋………………………………………………150
表目次
表2-1 Erikson成年發展分期…………………………………………8
表2-2 Gould成人發展分期……………………………………………9
表2-3 Levinson女性成年早期階段分期……………………………10
表3-1 敘說分析方式…………………………………………………24
表3-2 受訪者基本資料表……………………………………………26
表3-3 資料分析範例…………………………………………………33
參 考 文 獻
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