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研究生:朱思頻
論文名稱:從訂單差異性觀點建立供應鏈管理之先進規劃排程系統
論文名稱(外文):An order distinction perspective to establish Advanced Planning and Scheduling in the Supply Chain
指導教授:李祥林、莊寶鵰
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:工業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:150
中文關鍵詞:先進規劃排程灰關聯分析訂單差異性
外文關鍵詞:Advance Planning and ScheduleGrey Relational AnalysisOrder distinction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
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  • 下載下載:360
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
資訊互享的生產環境下,供應鏈體系的排程計劃需以整體規劃角度整合供需資源,消除企業個體規劃之衝突,因此逐漸發展出先進規劃排程(Advance Planning and Schedule,APS)。過去研究中,APS排程系統大多著重排程系統建構,忽略不同訂單差異性對排程造成的影響,因此本研究考量訂單交期、顧客重要度、訂單價值三項訂單差異性,分別建立單一目標訂單排序法及多目標訂單排序法,其中使用灰關聯分析,建立多目標排序模式,最後將不同排序結果,輸入排程系統,探討不同差異性對APS排程之影響。另外依據 APS排程概念,運用數學規劃法及灰關聯分析建構成本極小排程系統。經由五種不同排序結果與二種排程系統組合驗證,產生多種排程結果,規劃人員可配合排程目標,選擇適當的排程方式。多重組合的APS排程系統,較固定排序、固定排程APS排程系統,有更多選擇方案,更具備APS前瞻性的特性。最後經由驗證結果發現,運用灰關聯分析建構APS排程系統,可在多點供需環境,及有限生產資源下進行規劃,且生產成本與數學規劃排程接近,而達到成本及供貨能力良好的目標。
A supply chain model has extended from intra-firm resource planning to inter-firm resource planning to cope with global competition in the current business environment. In this evolution, the application of information technology allows the upper- and the down-stream supply chain enterprises to share and coordinate the production and the demand information. Thus, the integrated resource planning ability of a supply chain can be increased by evaluating the overall supply chain performance. That is, the resource planning and scheduling problems should consider both multiple supply resources and multiple demand information, simultaneously, to avoid bullwhip effect in current supply chain environment. In this aspect, the Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) has been developed and applied in situations that face multiple supply-demand planning environments. The APS is a real-time scheduling technique that provides the scheduler to ensure, in advance, the feasibility and the performance of a supply chain resource allocation assignment.
Most of the existing research regarding to the APS system discussed either the hierarchy of the scheduling system or a mathematic model to allocate the supply resources. Few were exploring the effects of order distinction to the scheduling performance. Therefore, this research aims to establish an APS system of the supply chain from an order distinction perspective.
The proposed APS system, first, applies the grey-relation analysis approach to perform the multi-objective order sequencing, followed by the scheduling of resource allocation. In the stage of order sequencing, the distinction of each order is attributed to three dimensions: order due-date, customer importance, and order value. The output of order sequencing is then input to the scheduling system for resource allocation among the suppliers in the supply chain. Then, the effects of order distinction to the APS performance are discussed. Moreover, the performance of the scheduling system that applies the mathematic model is compared with that applies the grey-relation analysis technique. Finally, discussions are provided to the APS schedulers in selecting an appropriate planning and scheduling approach that meets the supply chain objective.
1. 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 研究問題 6
1.4 研究目的 6
1.5 研究範圍與假設 7
1.6 論文架構 8
2. 文獻探討 10
2.1 供應鏈基本架構 10
2.1.1 傳統排程之類型及在供應鏈下之缺失 14
2.1.2 MRP、ERP、APS之關係 16
2.2 訂單排序 20
2.3 灰關聯分析 26
2.4 先進規劃排程 36
2.4.1 APS簡介 36
2.4.2 APS相關文獻探討 40
3. 研究架構與研究模式 43
3.1 企業內排程與APS排程之比較 43
3.2 研究架構與流程 46
3.3 研究模式建立 48
3.3.1 多目標訂單排序模式 48
3.3.2 排程模式建立 53
4. 模式驗證及結果 63
4.1 模式驗證 63
4.1.1 訂單資料 64
4.1.2 灰關聯訂單排序驗證及結果 67
4.1.3 APS排程系統模式驗證 73
4.2 驗證模擬結果 77
4.2.1 第一組訂單資料 77
4.2.2 第二組訂單資料 79
5. APS績效比較 81
5.1 第一組訂單排程結果之探討 81
5.1.1 數學規劃排程 81
5.1.2 灰關聯分析排程 85
5.2 第二組訂單資訊對排程系統之探討 89
5.2.1 數學規劃排程 89
5.2.2 灰關聯分析排程 93
5.3 APS排程系統綜合探討 97
6. 結論與建議 100
6.1 研究結論 100
6.2 未來研究建議 102
參考文獻 104
附錄一:Lingo程式 108
附錄二:排程結果表及甘特圖 113
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