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研究生:王士豪
研究生(外文):Shih-Hao Wang
論文名稱:群播資源管理系統之設計與實作
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implement of Multicast Resource Management System
指導教授:童曉儒
指導教授(外文):Sheau-Ru Tong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:資源保留RSVPQoS
外文關鍵詞:Resource ReservationRSVPQoS
相關次數:
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網路應用的多元化,使得今日的資料型態不再侷限於文字資料,更包括資料量大的多媒體資料,此類資料需要更高的網路頻寬與更嚴格的即時控制,然而面對日趨複雜的多媒體應用系統,如何提供穩定與分級的資料傳送服務,則成為網路永續經營的重要關鍵。本研究的主要目的為發展一套群播資源管理系統(Multicast Resource Management System/MRMS),來提升群播資源的使用效率。主要研究重點為,藉由應用系統的communication paradigm(CP),探討參與者間資源共享的關係,利用此關係,來改善網路資源的使用效率。為了要全盤瞭解資料供需行為,必須對communication paradigm加以模型化,然後進行資源需求分析,接著配合適當的網路QoS機制,進行實際資源預留,如此方能落實網路資源管理。本研究將MRMS系統實作在現行網路上所支援的資源保留協定(RSVP)上。

Beyond text, multimedia (e.g., image, video, audio and animation) have been prevalently used in modern network applications. In order to successfully deliver the multimedia information, the network usually needs to reserve resource in advance to guarantee high network bandwidth and short delay during transmission. How to effectively manage the network resources to provide such guaranteed services is a key to the success in network operation. The purpose of this study is to develop a resource reservation framework, termed the multicast resource management system (MRMS), for facilitating the analysis on the resource requirement in a multicast environment, which in turn improves the resource utilization. MRMS basically relies on a communication-paradigm (CP) graph model to characterize the resource sharing relationship among participants and applies a set of theories for translating the CP graph into the reservation requests, which will be carried out by specific resource reservation mechanisms. Currently, MRMS has been implemented in a network supporting the resource-reservation protocol (RSVP).

摘要…………………………………………………………….…Ⅰ
誌謝…………………………………………………………….…Ⅲ
目錄………………………………………………………….……Ⅳ
圖目錄……………………………………………………….……Ⅶ
表目錄…………………………………………………..…...……Ⅸ
1 緒論……………………………………………………...………1
1.1 研究背景與動機……………………………………………1
1.2 研究目的……………………………………………………3
1.3 研究流程……………………………………………………4
2 文獻探討…………………………………………………...……6
2.1 網路群播QoS機制探討……………………………………6
2.1.1 Classified Session……………………….….……………7
2.1.2 Integrated Session……………………….….……………8
2.2 RSVP QoS Signaling模型………………………….………12
3 問題定義與研究方法…………………………………….……17
3.1 問題定義…………………………………………………..17
3.2 CP Graph……………………………………………………24
3.3 RSVP保留的機制…………………………………….……27
3.3.1 FF保留樣式……………………………………………27
3.3.2 SE保留樣式……………………………………………29
3.3.3 WF保留樣式………………………….…..……………32
3.4 CP Style………………………………………………..……34
4 系統實作…………………………………………………….…37
4.1 系統開發環境介紹………………………..………………37
4.1.1 Microsoft的RSVP…………………………...…………38
4.1.2 INTEL的PC-RSVP…………………………….………39
4.1.3 RSVP session建立流程圖…………………………...…40
4.2 MRMS系統架構………………………………………...…41
4.3 MRMS系統運作流程…………………………………...…59
5 VOD Server設計原理…………………………………………61
5.1 系統功能設計……………………………………………..61
5.2 系統模組流程……………………………………………..62
5.3 系統模組介紹……………………………………………..64
5.4 單點傳送程式設計範例…………………………………..71
6結論與未來研究方向…………………………………………..77
6.1結論…………………………………………………………77
6.2未來研究方向………………………………………………78
7 參考文獻…………………………………………………….…79

[Shen98] 沈紋正,分散式層次輪置視訊檔案伺服器之設計與實作,國立屏東科技大學資管所碩士論文,1998,六月。
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[Bernet00a] Yoram Bernet, “The Complementary Role of RSVP and Differentiated Services in the Full-service QoS Network”, IEEE Communication Magazine, Feb. 2000, pp.154~162.
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[Blake98] Blake, S., Black, D., Carlson, M., Davies, E., Wang, Z., and Weiss, W., “An Architecture for Differentiated Services”, RFC 2475, December 1998.
[Braden94] Braden, R., Clark, D., and Shenker, S.,“Integrated Services in the Internet Architecture: an Overview”, RFC 1633, June 1994.
[Braden97a] Braden, R. and Zhang, Ed., “Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP) -Version 1 Message Processing Rules”, RFC 2209, September 1997.
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[Tong01] Sheau-Ru Tong, Yuan-Tse Yu and C.M. Huang “Efficient Resource Reservation based on Communication Paradigms for Multimedia Communications”, IEEE International conference on multimedia and Expo August 2001.
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[Waitzman88] Waitzman, D., Partridge, C., and Deering, S., “Distance Verctor Multicast Routing Protocol”, Interenet RFC 1075, Novermber 1988.
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[Wroclawski97] Wroclawski, J., “The Use of RSVP with IETF Integrated Services”, RFC 2210, September 1997.
[Wong00] T. Wong, R. Katz and S. McCanne, “An Evaluation of Preference Clustering in Large-Scale Multicast Applications”, IEEE INFOCOM 2000, pp. 451~460.
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[Zhang93] Zhang, L., Deering, S., Estrin, D., Shenker, S., and Zappala, D., “RSVP: a new Resource ReSerVation Protocol”, IEEE Network, September 1993.

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