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研究生:吳嘉三
論文名稱:不同接插法、砧木品種及荷爾蒙處理對玫瑰芽繁殖技術之探討
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the Propagation of Rose Seedlings through Different Budded Cutting Methods, Rootstocks and Hormone Treatments
指導教授:陳光堯陳光堯引用關係
指導教授(外文):G. Stanley Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:熱帶農業研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:玫瑰繁殖技術接插法偃枝栽培砧木BA切花生產
外文關鍵詞:rosepropagation techniquestentingbending culturerootstockBAcut flower production
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本研究目的在尋找優良之玫瑰砧木,與改善傳統玫瑰嫁接繁殖方法,經試驗結果,R. natar brier具有粗根多且長、細根綿密、生長快速等優良特性。利用R. natar brier砧芽做營養枝可抗病蟲害,增加接穗枝條節間與花蕾長度,且冬季不休眠,極適合作為台灣全年嫁接之砧木。
「帶砧葉芽接插法」乃利用砧木母體或砧木上方砧葉提供接穗營養及萌芽,而較過去芽接插法之芽砧癒合後再由接穗葉行光合作用產生同化物質要提早供應扦插發根所需之營養,縮短了嫁接苗的繁殖時間與增加苗圃的年使用次數。
BA(6-Benzylaminopurine)的處理有利於接穗芽的萌發整齊,定植後以R. natar brier 之砧木芽偃枝留2芽及切花主枝留2枝的切花採收朵數最多,當植株在定植後延遲偃枝時間,由於植株基部腋芽發育成熟,較多的葉片所生成之同化產物較多,因此在儲備足夠葉片後再行偃枝與BA萌芽處理可以得到較高品質的切花枝。
玫瑰繁殖方法影響未來管理方式與切花產量及品質,經試驗發現「帶砧葉芽接插法」育苗法及其與偃枝栽培之結合,在管理上更趨容易,並且距第一次切花時間也比過去的繁殖法與管理方法早一個月。「帶砧葉芽接插法」將一般偃枝法切花品種之營養枝與切花枝分離,藉砧木枝生長之優勢改良成為營養枝群,而切花品種則完全做為切花枝群。此種栽培方法使玫瑰生長旺盛,具有切花品質一致、便於產期調節、管理成本降低、年產量高等多重效益。故此栽培模式必能增進台灣玫瑰花產業之發展與其國際市場之競爭力。

The objectives of this study were to select a superior rootstock variety, test it with the improved propagation techniques, and evaluate the potential ways of rose cut flower production. R. natar brier was found to be an ideal rootstock variety for year-round production in Taiwan because of its hardiness and good disease resistance. It grew very fast and had intensive, strong root systems, which could serve the best as vegetative shoots to promote rose flowering shoots in a cut flower operation.
The technique of “Stenting with rootstock leaf” was developed and proved to be a better way to propagate rose seedlings. It could produce a faster and stronger healing between the rootstock and scion by supplying instant photosynthates directly to the joint. This could greatly reduce the healing time, lower the labor cost, and enhance the use-efficiency of a nursery.
BA (6-Benzylaminopurine) treatments could induce a uniform growth of flower buds, while the most number of cut flowers were harvested on plants with 2 vegetative rootstock branches and 2 main scion branches. A delay of shoot-bending regarding to its maturity and the application of BA would greatly promote the growth of flowering shoots and the quality of cut flowers.
The way of propagating rose seedlings could greatly affect the way of culture, the growth pattern of shoots and the quality of the cut flowers. The combination of “Stenting with rootstock leaf” and “bending culture” techniques could advance the first harvest date of cut flower by one month. The advantages of separating the vegetative and flowering shoots in this technique were the better growth and higher nutritional supply of the rootstock, vigorous and uniform growth of flowering shoots, higher yield and quality of the cut flowers, reduced labor and total cost, etc. This unique cultural technique could be the turning key for Taiwan’s rose cut flower operation and has a great potential to compete in the world market.

中文摘要 I
英文摘要 III
致謝 V
目錄 VI
圖表索引 VIII
壹、前言 1
貳、前人研究 4
參、材料與方法 37
一、試驗材料 37
二、試驗方法 41
(一)砧木品種特性調查 41
(二)玫瑰花接插法(Stenting)種苗生產試驗 42
(三)荷爾蒙處理對接穗萌芽試驗 51
(四)偃枝整枝栽培試驗 53
(五)試驗設計與統計分析 54
肆、結果 55
一、砧木品種特性調查 55
(一)砧木品種R. multiflora及R. natar brier之生長
特性調查 55
(二)砧木留葉片數對育苗發根及萌芽之影響 57
(三)基部刻傷位置對發根之影響 60
二、玫瑰花接插法(Stenting)種苗生產試驗 63
(一)親合性測試 63
(二)接穗取法對成活率及萌芽長度之探討 66
(三)切花品種Versilia嫁接於不同砧木R. multiflora
及R. natar brier對發根及萌芽之影響 70
(四)不同接插法對切花品種Glassy、Eliza、
Crystalline發根及萌芽之影響 71
三、荷爾蒙處理對接穗萌芽試驗 82
(一)不同荷爾蒙及濃度對接插苗接穗萌芽之影響 82
(二)植物荷爾蒙BA處理芽接插不同時間對接穗萌芽
之影響 86
(三)植物荷爾蒙BA處理Glassy、Eliza、Santa Fé於
田間定植後對萌芽之影響 87
四、偃枝整枝栽培試驗 92
(一) BA處理對Glassy摘心及偃枝與未偃枝之「雙
節帶砧葉接插苗」以及「單節節間接插苗」的
影響 92
(二)雙節帶砧葉接插苗砧木枝數於偃枝栽培中對初
期切花枝之影響 94
(三)偃枝栽培中切花主枝高度及留枝數對切花枝產
量之影響 96
伍、討論 102
陸、參考文獻 116
柒、作者簡介 134
圖表索引
圖一、不同之接插法嫁接操作完成情形:(a)雙節帶砧、
穗葉接插法,(b)雙節帶穗葉接插法,(c)雙節帶砧
葉接插法,(d)單節節間接插法,(e)單節接插法 50
圖二、砧木品種R. multiflora及R. natar brier種植六個
月後其地下部生育情形 58
圖三、砧木扦插枝留4片或7片小葉30天後之根部生育
情形 61
圖四、砧木基部刻傷不同位置扦插一個月後之根部生
育情形:(a)刻傷葉柄下方基部,(b)反方向位置刻傷 64
圖五、Glassy 芽接於R. natar brier之不同接插法的發根
及萌芽情形:(a)扦插苗,(b)單節接插苗,(c)單節
節間接插苗,(d)雙節帶砧穗葉接插苗,(e)雙節帶
穗葉接插苗,(f)雙節帶砧葉接插苗 74
圖六、Eliza雙節帶砧葉接插苗接插50天後頂砧芽優勢
萌發生長情形 78
圖七、Dona芽接插90天後偃枝摘心並以BA 44.4mM處
理後萌芽情形 95
圖八、Dona芽接苗砧木芽偃枝及BA處理後之田間生長
情形:(a)切花主枝摘心20天後新稍生長情形,
(b)摘心57天後切花枝花蕾生長之一致性情形 101
表一、砧木品種R. multiflora及R. natar brier定植六個月
後之生長情形 56
表二、砧木R. natar brier扦插枝留小葉片數(4片或7片)
對發根及萌芽之影響 59
表三、不同位置刻傷對R. natar brier扦插苗發根的影響 62
表四、不同切花品系嫁接於砧木R. natar brier成熟枝對
接穗萌芽之影響 65
表五、不同切花品系嫁接於砧木R. natar brier老熟枝對
接穗萌芽之影響 67
表六、接穗取芽方式對Dona、Virginia 及Vanyty嫁接萌芽
率及萌芽長度之影響 68
表七、Versilia嫁接於不同接插法及不同砧木(R. multiflora
及R. natar brier)對發根萌芽之影響 69
表八、不同接插法對切花Glassy發根及萌芽之影響 73
表九、不同接插法對切花Eliza發根及萌芽之影響 76
表十、不同接插法對切花Crystalline發根及萌芽之影響 79
表十一、不同濃度之Kinetin處理對Glassy接穗芽萌芽率
之影響 84
表十二、不同濃度之NAA處理對Virginia接穗芽萌芽率
之影響 85
表十三、植物荷爾蒙BA濃度及不同接插法對Dona接穗
芽長度及萌芽率之影響 88
表十四、BA不同濃度對「單節節間接插」苗摘心及偃枝
栽培下萌芽數之影響 90
表十五、BA不同濃度對摘心及偃枝之Glassy「雙節帶砧
葉接插」苗萌芽數之影響 91
表十六、44.4mM之BA處理對Glassy摘心及偃枝或未偃
枝「雙節帶砧葉接插苗」以及「單節節間接插
苗」萌芽的影響 93
表十七、砧木營養枝數及切花主枝高度對Glassy切花數
的影響 97
表十八、切花主枝數及高度對Glassy切花產量之影響 98

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