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研究生:安堤娜
研究生(外文):Augustina Robinson
論文名稱:創新的經濟影響--以台灣毛豆產業品種改良及機械化為例
論文名稱(外文):The Economic Impact of the Innovations-- The Case of Improved Cultivars and Mechanization on the Vegetable Soybean Industry in Taiwan
指導教授:洪仁杰洪仁杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rern-Jay Hung, Ph.D.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:熱帶農業研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:161
中文關鍵詞:毛豆經濟剩餘生產者消費者
外文關鍵詞:soybeaneconomic surplusproducersconsumers
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本研究藉由經濟剩餘(economic surplus)分析,探討創新(品種改良及機械化)對台灣毛豆產業之經濟影響。本研究亦從生產角度探討產業之績效。經濟剩餘分析方法具有相當的彈性,可藉由比較前後狀況,瞭解創新之價值。研究結果指出,過去在台灣毛豆產業之努力確實增加了毛豆之產量,提高了農民的報酬。研究結果顯示具有正的淨現值(NPV)為US$120,889與46%的內部報酬率(IRR),經濟剩餘分析結果亦顯示經濟剩餘為US$1,395,880。

A study was conducted to assess the economic impact of the innovations - improved cultivars and mechanization - on the vegetable soybean industry in Taiwan by measuring the change in economic surplus and its distribution to the producers and consumers of the product. The study also investigated the performance of the industry in regards to production. The economic surplus was measured using the economic surplus approach. This method provided a relatively flexible approach to specifying the value of innovations by comparing the situations with and without it. The analyses propose that returns to the research and development efforts that resulted in adoption of the new technologies include increased crop yield, positive NPV of US$230,918 and an acceptable IRR of 52%. The economic surplus analysis showed a total economic surplus of US$1,395,880.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abstract (English) i
Abstract (Chinese) ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgements iv
List of tables xi
List of figures xiii
I. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Purpose of the Study 6
1.3 Scope and Limitations of the Study 8
II. LITERATURE REVIEW 10
2.1 Introduction 10
2.2 Impact Assessment 11
2.3 Measuring Economic Welfare Using the Economic Surplus Approach 13
2.3.1 The Theoretical Model
2.3.2 Critical Assumptions in the Model
2.3.3 Criticisms of the Economic Surplus as a
Welfare Measure
2.3.4 Alternatives to Economic Surplus Approach
2.3 Conclusion 29
2.4 Empirical Study 30
III. VEGETABLE SOYBEAN 34
3.1 Introduction 34
3.2 Pests and Diseases of Economic Importance 35
3.3 Plant Protection 38
IV. DEVELOPMENT OF THE VEGETABLE
SOYBEAN INDUSTRY IN TAIWAN 39
4.1 Introduction 39
4.2 Industry Constraints 45
4.3 Soybean Improvement in Taiwan 47
4.3.1. Cultivar Improvement Research
4.3.2. Mechanization
4.4 Industry Structure: Impact on Adoption of
New Varieties 56
4.5 New Varieties and the Export Market 58
V. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY 63
5.1 Research Procedure 63
5.2 Data Collection 64
5.2.1 Secondary Data
5.2.2 Primary Data
5.3 Data Analysis 74
5.4 Calculating the Economic Surplus 75
VI. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 83
6.1 Farm Profile 83
6.1.1 Average Size of Farm
6.1.2 Source of Information and inputs
6.1.3 Soil Type
6.1.4 Source of Irrigation
6.2 Cropping Pattern 87
6.3 Crop Rotation 89
6.4 Adoption of New Soybean Varieties 93
6.5 Management Practices 94
6.5.1 General Practices
6.5.2 Inoculation
6.5.3 Mulching
6.6 Input Use 98
6.6.1 Non-labour Inputs
6.6.2 Labour Inputs
6.7 Yield 106
6.8 Production 107
6.9 Prices 108
6.10 Marketing 109
6.11 Economic Efficiency in Production 113
6.11.1 Output Efficiency
6.12 Economic Viability 116
6.12.1 Economic Surplus
6.12.2 Return on Investment
6.12.3 Benefit-cost Ratio
VII. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 120
7.1 Conclusions 120
7.2 Suggestions for the Way Forward 129
7.2.1 Structure Change
7.2.2 Value-added High Quality Products
7.2.3Research support
7.2.4 New Market
VIII. REFERENCES 137
IX. Appendices
Appendix 1. Map of Taiwan with major vegetable
soybean prefectures 149
Appendix 2 -1 Data used in calculating the economic
surplus of new varieties 150
Appendix 2 - 2 Data used in calculating the economic
surplus of mechanization 151
Appendix 2 - 3 Data used in calculating the total
economic surplus 152
Appendix 3. Questionnaire for collecting primary
data 153
X. Personal Data 162
LIST OF TABLES
Table Page
4.1 Vegetable soybean area planted, yield and production
(1983 - 2000) 41
4.2 Quantity and value of Taiwan frozen vegetable
soybean exports (1978-2000) 42
4.3 Vegetable soybean planted, harvested areas and
yield according to major producing prefectures in 1999 44
4.4 Principal exporters of frozen vegetable soybean to Japan
(1988- 2000) 62
5.1 Survey sample farmers by prefecture production in
proportion to total production 68
5.2 Outline of spreadsheet operations for estimating
Economic surplus 82
6.1 Comparison of the cost per hectare of the three major
Cultural methods for vegetable soybean prior to the
innovations in 1980-1982 105
6.2 Growth rate (%) in area, production and yield 108
6.3 Cost of production of old and new cultivars in year
2000 prices without mechanization 114
6.4 Cost of production before and after mechanization 115
6.5. Research costs according to agency 119
7.1 Comparison of periods with and without innovations
of new cultivars and mechanization in the soybean
industry in Taiwan 128
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure Page
2.1 Effect of technological change on the shift of the supply
curve 14
4.1 Principal exporters of vegetable soybean to Japan
1988- 2000 60
6.1 The main cropping pattern for vegetable soybean in
Taiwan in 2000 92
6.2 Trend of cost of seeding per hectare (1987 —2000) 99
6.3 Trend in vegetable soybean (nominal) wholesale
prices in 2000 109
6.4 Domestic consumption trend (1984 —2000) 112

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