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研究生:潘惠靜
研究生(外文):Hui-Ching Pan
論文名稱:教育部獎補助經費對私立大學辦學績效之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of the MOE’s Funding Program on the Academic Performance of Universities and Colleges in Taiwan
指導教授:劉維琪劉維琪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Victor W., Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:人力資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:獎補助經費資料包絡分析法辦學績效
外文關鍵詞:academic performancefunding programdata envelopment analllysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:80
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  • 下載下載:269
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本研究應用資料包絡分析法(DEA)以參與私立大學中程校務發展計劃訪視之17個私立大學為樣本學校,比較教育部獎補助經費實施前(78-79學年度)/後(82-83學年度),及執行過程中經費計算基準改變前(81-83學年度)/後(85-87學年度)各校效率值差異,以檢視教育部獎補助經費對私立大學在「改善師資與教學資源設備」辦學績效之影響。
本研究主要結論為:(一)教育部獎補助經費實施後,對私立大學辦學績效有顯著提昇;(二)執行過程中改變經費分配計算基準後,各校辦學績效無顯著提昇;(三)經費分配與計算基準改變後,導致「生師比」、「專師博士數」與「專師平均研究金額」較改變前差。
Abstract
The Ministry of Education in Taiwan adopted a funding program in 1991 to encourage private universities and colleges to improve their academic performance through developing their own medium-term plans. This thesis tends to study the effect of the funding program on the academic performance of universities and colleges in Taiwan. A data envelopment analysis is conducted to examine the degree of improvement in faculty and teaching resources for 17 universities and colleges that participated in the funding program.
Major conclusions in this study are as follows:
1)The academic performance of private universities and colleges was significantly improved after the implementation of the funding program.
2)The Ministry of Education put a limitation on the use of the fund in 1995. However, the academic performance of universities and colleges improved insignificantly after following the limitation.
3)As a matter of fact, the limitation on the use of the fund distorted the distribution of university resources so that the teacher/student ratio, “the percentage of full-time faculty members with Ph.D.” and “the average research expenditure per full-time faculty member” were decreased.
目 錄
第一章 緒論-------------------------------------------------------------- 1
第一節 研究背景------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1
第二節 研究動機與目的--------------------------------------------------------------- 3
第二章 文獻回顧-------------------------------------------------------- 5
第一節 教育獎補助經費分配理論與分配原則------------------------------------ 5
第二節 教育評鑑對辦學績效的內涵與精神--------------------------------------- 12
第三節 績效評估方法------------------------------------------------------------------ 20
第四節 資料包絡分析法之特色與應用--------------------------------------------- 23
第三章 研究方法與步驟----------------------------------------------- 31
第一節 研究方法------------------------------------------------------------------------ 31
第二節 樣本與變數--------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
第三節 分析模式------------------------------------------------------------------------ 39
第四章 實證結果與分析----------------------------------------------- 41
第一節 基本分析------------------------------------------------------------------------ 41
第二節 改善師資在獎補助經費實施前/後效率值分析-------------------------- 45
第三節 分配計算基準改變前/後之效率值平均數分析-------------------------- 59
第四節 敏感度分析--------------------------------------------------------------------- 71
第四章 結論與貢獻----------------------------------------------------- 74
第一節 結論------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 74
第二節 研究貢獻------------------------------------------------------------------------ 77
註釋--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 78
參考文獻--------------------------------------------------------------------- 79
圖 目 錄
1. 圖1 DEA 之整體相對效率分析、純粹技術效率分析、規模報酬
效率分析--------------------------------------------------------------- 26
表 目 錄
表1 私立大學成立時期-------------------------------------------------------------------------41
表2 各校年限與整體效率值之單因子變異數分析----------------------------------------42
表3 實施前78-79/實施後82-83 之投入產出項描述性統計分析----------------------42
表4 改變前81-83/改變後85-87 之投入產出項描述性統計分析----------------------43
表5 實施前78-79/實施後82-83 之投入產出項Pearson 相關分析------------------44
表6 改變前81-83/改變後85-87 之投入產出項Pearson 相關分析------------------44
表7 綜合大學在(78-79 )實施前/(82-83 )實施後各效率值平均數---------------46
表8 工學院在(78-79 )實施前/(82-83 )實施後各效率值平均數------------------48
表9 醫學院在(78-79 )實施前/(82-83 )實施後各效率值平均數------------------49
表10 實施前78-79/實施後82-83 技術與規模效率值平均數差異檢定----------------50
表11 改善師資實施前/後平均效率值差異檢定分析---------------------------------------51
表12 獎補助經費實施後學校效率值升降發展趨勢----------------------------------------52
表13 (82-83 與85-86 )各效率值平均數差異檢定分析--------------------------------53
表14 影響效率值之投入與產出項差異檢定分析-------------------------------------------54
表15 各類別學校投入與產出項之平均數----------------------------------------------------55
表16 (78-79 )實施前/(82-83 )實施後非效率學校改善成效差異檢定------------58
表17 綜合大學在(81-83 )改變前/(85-87 )改變後各效率值平均數---------------59
表18 工學院在(81-83 )改變前/(85-87 )改變後各效率值平均數------------------61
表19 醫學院在(81-83 )改變前/(85-87 )改變後各效率值平均數------------------62
表20 經費計算基準(81-83 )改變前/(85-87 )改變後之技術與規模效率值
差異檢定------------------------------------------------------------------------------------64
表21 經費計算基準(85-87 )改變後學校效率值升降發展趨勢------------------------65
表22 經費計算基準(81-83 )改變前/(85-87 )改變後效率值差異檢定------------66
表23 各校81-87 有效率與非效率在投入產出項差異檢定-------------------------------66
表24 各校81-83 與85-87 非效率學校在投入產出項差異檢定-------------------------67
表25 經費計算基準在(81-83 )改變前/(85-87 )改變後非效率學校改善
達成率---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------69
表26 刪除極端值後,各效率值平均數差異檢定分析-------------------------------------71
表27 增加產出項後,各效率值平均數差異檢定-------------------------------------------72
表28 刪除投入項後,各效率值平均數差異檢定-------------------------------------------72
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