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研究生:何雲娟
研究生(外文):Yun-chuan Ho
論文名稱:華滋華斯的生態理念
論文名稱(外文):Wordsworth's Ecological Concepts
指導教授:余幼珊余幼珊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-san Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:人類生態學自然環境華滋華斯
外文關鍵詞:human beingsthe natural environmentecologyWordsworth
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論文名稱:華滋華斯的生態理念
校所組別:國立中山大學外國語文研究所
研究生:何雲娟指導教授:余幼珊教授
論文摘要
本文旨在探討華滋華斯的生態理念,尤其著重在人與自然的關係。由於人類的生活與自然息息相關,但在華滋華斯的作品中可看出他的生態理念並未被評論家所重視,因此本論文將由華滋華斯的作品來闡述並探討其對生態的觀點。
在本論文的序言,我先概略地敘述在1960及1980年代的評論家對華滋華斯作品的評論。其後,我將在第一章裡探討華滋華斯的生態觀,尤其強調人類與其所處自然環境和平共處的重要性。華滋華斯提倡人與自然之間和諧的關係並且主張人類在與自然環境的互動中是位必要的參與者。在第二章裡,我要討論華滋華斯對於他處環境改變後的反應,再藉由華滋華斯對於環境改變後的反應來深入了解他的生態理念。經過一連串的探討後,我在本文的結論中提出,華滋華斯是位了解人類與自然環境的關係,並且相信自然環境的破壞將對人類生活帶來負面的影響。


Wordsworth’s Ecological Concepts
Abstract
The purpose of this thesis is to explore Wordsworth’s concepts of ecology, with emphasis on the relationship between human community and the natural world. Since ecology is closely related to man and nature, it is necessary to discuss man’s relations with the natural world. In Wordsworth’s works, we see many ecological concepts such as man’s adaptation to his habitats, the mutual relationship between people and nature, and the catastrophic results of people’s intervention with the natural world; however, his ecological ideas are often overlooked by critics. Therefore, in this thesis, I would like to examine Wordsworth’s works from an ecological point of view. In the first chapter, I discuss Wordsworth’s ecological concepts, with emphasis on how human beings can live in harmony with the living environment. My discussion shows how Wordsworth advocates a harmonious relationship between man and nature and how he insists that man should be an engaged participant in his interaction with the natural environment. In the second chapter, I discuss Wordsworth’s reaction to the changing living environment. I will show the changes in his living environment and examine Wordsworth’s reaction to these changes. Through my discussion of his ecological concepts, I will claim that Wordsworth is an ecologist who understands the complex relationship between human beings and their dwelling places and who believes that the destruction of the natural world must impoverish human beings.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction………………………………………………………………1
Chapter I: Wordsworth and His Ecological Ideas……………………….15
Chapter II: Wordsworth’s Reaction to the Changing Environment……..53
Conclusion………………………………………………………………80
Bibliography…………………………………………………………….83


BibliographyBate, Jonathan. Romantic Ecology: Wordsworth and the Environmental Tradition. London: Routledge, 1991.Bloom, Harold. The Visionary Company. New York: Cornell UP, 1971.Fry, Paul H. “Green to the Very Door? The Natural Wordsworth.” Studies in Romanticism 35 (1996): 535-51.Gill, Stephen. William Wordsworth: A Life. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.Hartman, Geoffrey H. Wordsworth’s Poetry: 1787-1814. Massachusetts: Harvard UP, 1987.Horn, Pamela. Life and Labour in Rural England: 1760-1850. London: Macmillan, 1987.Kroeber, Karl. Ecological Literary Criticism: Romantic Imagining and the Biology of Mind. New York: Columbia UP, 1994.Liu, Alan. Wordsworth: The Sense of History. California: Stanford UP, 1989.Liu, Yu. Poetics and Politics: The Revolutions of Wordsworth. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.MacLean, Kenneth. Agrarian Age: A Background for Wordsworth. New Haven: Yale UP, 1970.McGann, Jerome J. Romantic Ideology: A Critical Investigation. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1983.McKusick, James C. “A Language That Is Ever Green.” University of Toronto Quarterly 61(1991): 226-49.McKusick, James C. Green Writing: Romanticism and Ecology. New York: St. Martin’s, 2000.Moorman, Mary. William Wordsworth: A Biography. Vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1957.White, Gilbert. The Natural History of Selborne. Ed. Paul Foster. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993.Wordsworth, Dorothy. The Grasmere Journal. Ed. Pamela Woof. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1991.Wordsworth, William. Guide to the Lake District. The Prose Works of William Wordsworth. Vol. 2. Ed. W. J. B. Owen and Jane Worthington Smyser. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.---. Kendal and Windermere Railway. The Prose Works of William Wordsworth. Vol. 3. Ed. W. J. B. Owen and Jane Worthington Smyser. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.---. Letters of William Wordsworth: A New Selection. Ed. Alan G. Hill. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1984.---. The Poems. 2 vols. Ed. John O. Hayden. New Haven: Yale UP, 1974.---. The Prelude 1799, 1805, 1850. Ed. Jonathan Wordsworth, M. H. Abrams, and Stephen Gill. New York: Norton, 1979.---. William Wordsworth: Selected Poems. Ed. John O. Hayden. London: Penguin, 1994.

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