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研究生:鍾逸甫
研究生(外文):I-Fu Chung
論文名稱:黑色軟海綿(Halichondriaokadai)的生殖及生態研究
論文名稱(外文):The distribution and reproduction of halichondria okadai
指導教授:劉莉蓮李宗翰李宗翰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Lian LiuTsung-Han Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:胚胎分布幼體生長生殖海綿
外文關鍵詞:embryojuveniledistributiongroethspongereproduction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
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  • 下載下載:43
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摘 要
本論文以黑色軟海綿(Halichondria okadai)為材料,從2000年6月至2002年2月進行其生殖及生態研究。黑色軟海綿分布在澎湖瓦硐的潮間帶地區,範圍在小潮時漲潮及退潮之潮間帶。根據研究結果顯示,海綿野外的生長隨著月份有不同生長速率的變化,變化從33.3%至-16.7%間。黑色軟海綿為雌雄異體的種類,生殖週期為每年的3~9月,而生殖的高峰則在6~8月,生殖週期應與當地的水溫變化有關。初期的卵在3月份可發現,到4月份時已有胚胎形成,胚胎的大小介於260到450微毫米(μm),胚胎的密度在2000年5月最高,可達每0.5公分立方的海綿組織有1331個,是目前所知海綿類中胚胎密度最高的一種。在野外黑色軟海綿的幼體顏色為白色,主要附著於珊瑚礁碎片或石塊底質的背面,幼體由白轉黑後變成一般所見到的黑色軟海綿成體體色。
Abstract
The distribution and reproductive cycle of the sponge Halichondria okadai were investigated at Peng-Hu from June, 2000 to February, 2002. The sponge population was mostly distributed in the midlittoral zone. The size of sponges increased or decreased in the range of 33.3% ~ -16.7%. The substrata were mainly composed by grains with sizes of 0.12~0.84 mm. The sponge is gonochorism. Early stage oocytes were found in March. Mature eggs and embryos were observed from April to September, with a peak period from June to August. The reproductive season extends from March through September which is correlated to annual changes of water temperature. The size of embryos ranged from 260 to 450μm and the density was up to 1331 per (0.5 cm)3 in May. To our knowledge, the embryo density is the highest one in the sponge group. Juveniles settled in the back side of rocks. When the juveniles moved to the rock surface, the color changed from white to black.
目 錄
章次...........................................頁次
摘要..............................................1
英文摘要..........................................2
壹、緒論..........................................3
貳、材料與方法....................................7
參、結果.........................................12
肆、討論.........................................19
參考文獻.........................................28
表...............................................39
圖...............................................43
附錄.............................................64
表目錄
表1:黑色軟海綿面積變化百分比表...................39
表2:海綿出入水口直徑比較表.......................40
表3:海綿生殖與溫度相關表.........................41
表4:210cm2以上黑色軟海綿數量表....................42
圖目錄
圖1:瓦硐實驗採樣區。..............................43
圖2:黑色軟海綿(Halichondria okadai)生態照......44
圖3:黑色軟海綿出水口直徑分布圖...................45
圖4:黑色軟海綿入水口直徑分布圖...................46
圖5:黑色軟海綿的骨針.............................47
圖6:黑色軟海綿在澎湖瓦硐潮間帶的分布圖...........48
圖7:黑色軟海綿在澎湖瓦硐潮間帶的覆蓋面積.........49
圖8:黑色軟海綿群體大小分布圖.....................50
圖9:黑色軟海綿野外生長圖.........................51
圖10:澎湖瓦硐潮間帶底質的顆粒組成重量百分比頻度圖。..............................................52
圖11:澎湖瓦硐水溫及鹽度變化圖....................53
圖12:黑色軟海綿的精細胞囊與精細胞................54
圖13:黑色軟海綿初期的卵細胞......................55
圖14:黑色軟海綿成熟的卵細胞......................56
圖15:黑色軟海綿的胚胎切片圖......................57
圖16:黑色軟海綿的生殖週期........................58
圖17:黑色軟海綿的胚胎............................59
圖18:黑色軟海綿月間胚胎密度變化圖................60
圖19:黑色軟海綿胚胎大小變化圖....................61
圖20:黑色軟海綿幼體..............................62
圖21:黑色軟海綿生殖與水溫變化圖..................63
附 錄
附表1:水質分析表..................................64
附表2:2001年全年侵襲台灣颱風一覽表..............65
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