跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.21.70) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/15 08:52
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:呂威頤
研究生(外文):Wei-I Lu
論文名稱:五種海蛾魚親緣關係及飛海蛾之生物學研究
論文名稱(外文):The phylogenetic relationship of five seamoth species with some biological aspects of Pegasus volitans
指導教授:莫顯蕎莫顯蕎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hin-Kiu Mok
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:脫皮親源關係多次產卵骨骼特徵海蛾
外文關鍵詞:multiple spawningrelationshipseamothosteology
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:517
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:38
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
海蛾魚屬於海蛾目(Pegasiforms)海蛾科(Pegasidae),分佈於印度太平洋熱帶與亞熱帶沿岸淺海區域,本科共分為兩屬:寬海蛾魚屬(Eurypegasus Bleeker)及海蛾魚屬(Pegasus Linnaeus),其中寬海蛾魚屬包括兩種:寬海蛾魚(E. draconis(Linnaeus))及蝶寬海蛾魚(E. papilio(Gilbert)),而海蛾魚屬則包括三種:短海蛾魚(P. laternarius Cuvier)、飛海蛾(P. volitans Linnaeus)及矛海蛾魚(P. lancifer Kaup)。本科魚體型均不大,底棲性,體型扁平,頭部、尾部被以骨板。台灣魚類誌中記載了台灣的三種海蛾魚:寬海蛾魚、短海蛾魚及飛海蛾,但中英文學名及圖片與國外文獻記載不同。由部份骨骼及外部形態上的特徵,依祖徵及離徵向性之判斷得出一親源關係圖,本假說中短海蛾魚並非同屬飛海蛾及矛海蛾魚之姊姊群,而是寬海蛾魚屬之姊姊群,故建議將目前的兩屬合併成一個屬,使本科魚種在分類上不致產生過多的模糊及爭議。自民國90年4月至91年4月在高雄外海30公尺左右水深處共獲32尾飛海蛾。飛海蛾魚以吸取方式捕食,腸內含端腳類的麥桿蟲(Caprella sp.)及細砂礫。飼養期間有多次脫皮的情況發生,脫皮並非一次整片脫掉,且未見固定之脫皮週期。無一雄一雌之配對現象。活魚未見生殖行為發生。具大型成熟卵巢之最小體長為55mm,最大的標本為70mm,且有1.2mm成熟的卵。高雄外海之標本體長範圍是28mm~70mm,以11月所獲得之標本體型較大。本種應為同年內多次產卵的種類。
The family Pegasidae is found composed of 5 species in two genera, Eurypegasus Bleeker and Pegasus Linnaeus. They contain two (E. draconis (Linnaeus) and E. papilio (Gilbert)) and. three species (P. laternarius Cuvier, P. volitans Linnaeus and P. Lancifer Kaup) , respectively these species are all small, benthic, and covered with plastron from head to tail. Three species have been recorded in Taiwan, but there are many differences between the species names and the specimen illustrations in other foreign publication studies. Recision on the records in Taiwan indicated that three species occur in this region , namely, E. draconis, P. laternarius and P. volitans. According to some osteological and external characters, a hypothesis on the phylogenetic relationship was arrived : P. laternarius is not the sister group of P. volitans and P. lancifer, but the sister group of Eurypegasus species. It is suggested that these five species should be classified in only genus, the Pegasus. Bottom-trawl samplings were made between April 2001 to April 2002 in area of the Kaohsiung coastal at depth around 30 meters. 32 specimens of P. volitans were captured. P. volitans captured its prey by means of oral suction. Guts of the majority of the preserved specimens, including those died right after landed, were empty. Besides some fine granules of sand, one specimen’s gut included caprellideans (Crustacea, Amphoipoda). Skin-shedding was observed numerous times in the aquarium. Unlike other seamoths, only part of the skin was shedded at one time; no regular cycle of skin-sheding was noticed. No social pairing of the sexes and reproductive activity during this study was not noticed. Specimens collected in November tended to be largerin size. The smallest specimens with large ovary was 55mm in length, whereas the largest dry female specimens with a 1.2mm egg was 70mm.. Histological evidence (individual female had eggs in various developmental stages at the same time) indicates that this species is a multiple spawner.
目 錄
章 次頁 碼
壹、緒言…………………………………………………1
貳、研究方法與材料……………………………………6
參、結果…………………………………………………12
肆、討論…………………………………………………20
參考文獻………………………………………………………26
表………………………………………………………28
圖………………………………………………………34
表 目 錄
表 次頁碼
表1、高雄海域底拖飛海蛾相關資料………………………28
表2、捕獲飛海蛾之月份及平均體長相關資料……………30
表3、利用Mann-Whitney U tests 分析飛海蛾雌、雄個體外部形態(占標準體長之百分比)之差異。(雄性:6,雌性:12)………………………………………………31
表4、21項特徵之祖徵(0)與離徵(1)編碼……………32
表5、21項離徵(1、2、3)及祖徵(0)之分佈矩陣……33
圖 目 錄
圖 次頁碼
圖1、曬乾之飛海蛾標本……………………………………34
圖2、飼養期間投餵之冷凍橈足類(Copepoda)……………35
圖3、短海蛾魚與飛海蛾下尾軸骨(hypurals)側面觀之比較…………………………………………………………36
圖4、飛海蛾與短海蛾魚內列支鰭骨(dorsal pterygiophore)左側面觀之比較圖………………………………………37
圖5、飛海蛾胸環帶(pectoral girdle)之背面觀……………38
圖6、短海蛾魚胸環帶(pectoral girdle)之背面觀…………39
圖7、短海蛾魚鰓弧(branchial arches)……………………40
圖8、飛海蛾鰓弧(branchial arches)………………………41
圖9、短海蛾魚上顎構造圖……………………………………42
圖10、飛海蛾上顎構造圖………………………………………43
圖11、有關五種海蛾魚之三個等儉約度假說之親源關係圖…44
圖12、21個捕獲飛海蛾之拖站點及水深分佈圖……………45
圖13、不同月份捕獲海蛾之數量分佈圖………………………46
圖14、飛海蛾飼養期間在外觀上的變異………………………47
圖15、飛海蛾腸內含物…………………………………………48
圖16、雌性飛海蛾之卵巢切片及發育成熟的卵………………49
圖17、水族箱中飛海蛾之脫皮情形……………………………50
圖18、經甲基藍染色後之飛海蛾脫落皮膜,可明顯看到仍保有體甲形態之模型 (fingerprints)……………………51
李玉玲,陳宏遠,許志宏,王維賢,吳重坤,王松賓。1987-2000。高雄大林埔工業廢水海洋放流海域環影響監測與相研究。執行報告。經濟部工業局。
李玉玲,陳宏遠,許志宏,王維賢,吳重坤,王松賓。1987-2000。高雄左營工業廢水海洋放流海域環影響監測與相研究。執行報告。經濟部工業局。
于名振。1986。台灣脊椎動物誌增訂版上冊(陳兼善原著)。台灣商務印書館發行。442頁。
沈世傑。1986。台灣魚類檢索。南天書局。533頁。
沈世傑主編。1993。台灣魚類誌。榮民印刷場。960頁。
陳星玉,陳小平合譯。1995。支序學派大全。水產出版社。
莫顯蕎。2001。短海蛾魚(Pegasus laternarius) 養殖技術之建立。研究報告書。行政院農委會漁業署。
Dingerkus, G. and L. D. Uhler. 1977. Enzyme clearing of alcian blue stained whole small vertebrates for demonstration of cartilage. Stain Technology. 52: 229-232.
Echeverria, T. W. 1986. Sexual dimorphism in four species of rockfish genus Sebastes(Scorpaenidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 15:181-190.
Grant. E. M. 1978. Guide to fishes. 5th ed.. Dept. Harbors and Marine. Brisbane. 191pp.
Herold, D. and E. Clark. 1993. Monogamy, spawning and skin-shedding of the sea moth, Eurypegasus draconis (Pisces: Pegasidae). Env. Biol. Fish. 37: 219-236. Ichthyological Research, 49: 81-84
Humason. G. L. 1979. Animal tissue techniques. W. H. Freeman Co., San Francisco. 661pp.
Katz M. J. and L. F. Watson. 1985. intensifier for Bodian Staining of tissue sections and cell cultures. Stain Technology 60: 81-87.
Kuiter, R. H. 1985. The remarkable seamoths. Scuba Diver 3 (3): 16-18.
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino. 1984. 2th ed.. The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press. 90pp.
Palsson, W. A. and T. W. Pietsch. 1989. Revision of the acanthopterygian fish family Pegasidae (Order Gasterosteiformes). Indo-Pacific Fishes. 18: 1-38.
Pietsch, T. W. 1978. Evolutionary relationships of the sea moths (Teleostei: Pegasidae) with a classification of gasterosteifrom families. Copeia 1978 (3): 517-529.
Rendahl, H. 1930. Pegasiden studien. Arkiv for Zoologi , 21A(27): 1-56.
Tinker, S. W. 1944. Hawaiian fishes. Tongg Publishing Co., Honolulu. 404pp.
Zaccone, G. & A. Licata. 1982. Histochemistry and fine structure of the flame cone cells in the skin epidermis of the sea horse fish Hippocampus ramulosus Leach 1814(Teleostei:Syngnathidae). Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 93:249-26
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top