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研究生:李淑惠
研究生(外文):Shu-Hui Lee
論文名稱:墾丁海域有機錫之研究
論文名稱(外文):Organotin Compounds in Kenting Coastal Area
指導教授:董正釱王維賢
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Di Dongwei-Hsien Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋資源學系研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:有機錫
外文關鍵詞:organotin
相關次數:
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本研究針對墾丁海域,包括:進水口、後壁湖、南灣及石牛溪等五個測站,分別採集海水、底泥及魚類生物等三種樣本,以氣相層析/火燄光度檢測器偵測有機錫化合物含量,以瞭解墾丁海域有機錫污染分佈狀況。
分析結果顯示,表層水、底層水、底泥之MMT平均值含量分別為4.59 ~ 21.35ng/L、10.07 ~ 23.63ng /L、2.98 ~ 17.95ng/g dry wt,MBT平均值含量分別為0.13 ~ 3.25ng/L、ND ~ 1.03ng/L、0.03 ~ 0.68ng/g dry wt,DBT平均值含量分別為1.10 ~ 3.98ng/L、1.77 ~ 5.60ng/L、0.53 ~ 4.38ng/g dry wt,TBT平均值含量分別為0.13 ~ 0.73ng/L、ND ~ 1.53ng/L、0.25 ~ 2.48ng/g dry wt,在本研究中單甲基錫濃度特別顯著,卻未發現苯基錫化合物之污染;另外,在生物體組織中以肝臟、腎臟之有機錫化合物含量較高,且相對於肌肉組織而言,肝臟、腎臟之TBT相對於DBT及MBT之比例較低,與其它相關文獻比較,墾丁海域受到有機錫化合物污染並不嚴重。
The main goal of this project is monitoring of the species and the
concentration distribution of organic tin compounds in seawaters, sediments, and fishes nearby the Kenting coastal area. Gas chromatography/flame photometric detector (GC/FPD) was used to analyze organic tin compounds in samples.
Results of this study showed that the average concentration of MMT in surface waters ranged from 4.59 to 21.35ng/L, in bottom waters ranged from 10.07 to 23.63ng/L, in sediments ranged from 2.98 to 17.95ng/g dry wt. The average concentration of MBT in surface waters ranged from 0.13 to 3.25ng/L, in bottom waters ranged from ND to 1.03ng/L, in sediments ranged from 0.03 to 0.68ng/g dry wt. The average concentration of DBT in surface waters ranged from 1.10 to 3.98ng/L, in bottom waters ranged from 1.77 to 5.60ng/L, in sediments ranged from 0.53 to 4.38ng/g dry wt. The average concentration of TBT in surface waters ranged from 0.13 to 0.73ng/L, in bottom waters ranged from ND to 1.53ng/L, in sediments ranged from 0.25 to 2.48ng/g dry wt. The concentration of MMT was much higher than other organic tin compounds. No phenyl-tin compounds were detected.
In the tissues of fish, the concentrations of organic tin compounds in liver and kidney were higher than those in other tissues. The ratio of TBT to DBT and MBT in muscle tissues was higher than those in liver and kidney tissues. In general , no serious contamination of organic tin compound was observed nearby the Kenting coastal area.
圖目錄………………………………………………….I
表目錄………………………………………………….IV
中文摘要……………………………………………….VI
英文摘要……………………………………………….VII
第一章、前言……………………………………………….1
一、有機錫之用途……………………………………1
二、有機錫化合物分解及甲基化之情形……………2
三、有機錫之毒性……………………………………5
四、研究目的…………………………………………7
第二章、研究材料及方法………………………………….10
一、化學藥品…………………………………………10
二、採樣方法………………………………………….11
三、儀器……………………………………………….13
四、分析步驟………………………………………….13
五、品管……………………………………………….16
第三章、結果與討論………………………………………..18
一、GC/MS之分析……………………………………18
二、GC/FPD分析之品管……………………………..22
三、海水之有機錫含量……………………………….30
四、底泥之有機錫含量……………………………….43
五、生物體之有機錫含量…………………………….48
六、與國內外文獻比較……………………………….56
第四章、結論………………………………………………62
第五章、參考文獻…………………………………………63
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