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研究生:陳憲玟
研究生(外文):Hsien-Wen Chen
論文名稱:單級高功因多燈管之螢光燈電子安定器
論文名稱(外文):Single-stage High-Power-Factor Electronic Ballast for Multiple Fluorescent Lamps
指導教授:莫清賢莫清賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Sien Moo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:功因修正螢光燈熾熱電流電子式安定器
外文關鍵詞:Electronic ballastFluorescent lampglow current.Power-factor-correction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:121
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
螢光燈由於發光效率高、壽命較長,已廣泛地應用於各行各業以及家庭之中,成為照明燈具的主流。近年來,由於電力電子技術的大幅進步,電子式安定器已逐漸取代傳統的磁耦合式安定器,除了短小輕薄之外,更進一步提升了螢光燈的發光效率及光照品質。
在精益求精的信念下,螢光燈電子安定器的研究迭有進步,本文結合先前諸多的研究成果,進行高品質、高性能的螢光燈電子式安定器之研製。研發的新成品為單級整合式,可同時驅動多支燈管,具有功因修正、以及零熾熱電流預熱的功能。使用者更可根據亮度需求,自行決定點亮的燈管支數;且不論點亮的燈管支數為何,每支燈管都仍然保持在額定功率,並不影響安定器電源端的功因修正功能。文中除進行電路結構設計與工作特性分析之外,並透過電腦軟體進行模擬,逐步推導電路之參數設計方程式,以建立參數設計法則。最後,本文以實際製作完成的電路進行量測分析,來驗證電路的實用性與正確性。
Fluorescent lamps are nowadays the most important light sources in industrial, commercial, and domestic applications. To drive fluorescent lamps, electronic ballasts with high-frequency resonant inverter, instead of the electromagnetic ones, are increasingly used due to the benefits of lightweight, small size, high luminous efficiency, and long lamp life.
Recently, efforts are concentrated on how to reduce the product cost as well as to improve the circuit performances. To further curtail the product cost, the power-factor-correction circuit is integrated into the ballast circuit as single-stage high-power-factor electronic ballast. On the other hand, the unit cost per lamp can be substantially reduced by developing a ballast circuit which is capable of driving multiple lamps. For convenient use, the user may turn on the desired number of the lamps in accordance with the expected luminosity. A starting-aid circuit is added to eliminate the glow current during preheating. In addition, a protection circuit will be included in the multi-lamp electronic ballast. In case of operating partial lamps, a high power factor at the line input will be always retained.
In this thesis, the feasible circuit configuration is developed and design equations are derived. Accordingly, design guidelines for determining circuit parameters are provided. The laboratory circuits are built and tested to verify the computer simulations and analytical predictions.
第一章簡介 1
1-1研究動機 1
1-2高功率因數 2
1-3零熾熱電流預熱啟動 6
1-4 調光技術 7
1-5 本文大綱 8
第二章單級高功因多燈管電子安定器 9
2-1電路架構 9
2-2工作模式分析 11
2-3零熾熱電流預熱之電路設計與分析 19
第三章電路特性分析 22
3-1功因修正電路分析 22
3-2負載共振式換流器 27
3-2-1 螢光燈管等效電阻模型 27
3-2-2 燈管電弧特性方程式 29
3-2-3 串並聯負載換流器等效電路 30
3-2-4 燈管啟動電壓 34
3-2-5燈絲功率 36
3-3 零熾熱電流預熱 36
第四章電路參數設計 38
4-1升壓電感Lb的決定 38
4-2各不同燈管支數之開關導通率與直流鏈電壓 41
4-3負載共振電路之參數設計 43
4-4零熾熱電流預熱 44
4-5電腦模擬 45
第五章實驗量測 51
5-1穩態量測 51
5-2暫態量測 57
5-2-1燈管啟動暫態 57
5-2-2點亮燈管支數改變之暫態 59
第六章結論與討論 61
參考文獻 63
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