跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.233.217.106) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/17 21:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:蔡瑞鴻
研究生(外文):Ruei-Hung Tsai
論文名稱:以雷射量測法研究擠帶滑運動之潤滑特性
論文名稱(外文):Study on Lubrication Characteristics of Combined Squeeze and Sliding Motion in Circular Contacts Using Laser Measurement Method
指導教授:邱源成李榮宗李榮宗引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yuang-Cherng ChiouRong-Tsong Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:擠滑運動雷射光學系統油膜厚度光學干涉原理凹坑
外文關鍵詞:film thicknessprinciple of optical interferometrycombined squeeze and sliding motionlaser optical systemdimple
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:136
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘  要
  在機構中兩元件間之接觸點的運動,常結合擠壓與滑動運動。其例子如:齒輪嚙合和受重負荷滾子元件軸承等。本研究以實驗的方法,探討在擠滑運動下之油膜微觀機制。
  加裝雷射光學系統於起動摩擦試驗機,藉由光學干涉的原理精準的量測油膜厚度。以具有顯微鏡的高速攝影機記錄在微小接觸區中之潤滑油的動態特性。
  結果顯示隨著擠壓速度的增加,凹坑的厚度會變厚。當滑動速度增加時,則凹坑的持續時間會縮短;但當擠壓負載增大時,凹坑則會維持較長的時間。此外,在相同的實驗條件下,提高鋼球的曲率半徑會使得凹坑直徑變大。
Abstract
  The motion when two parting in machine into contact can combine squeeze and sliding motion. This situation does occur for example in the meshing of gear teeth and in heavily loaded rolling elements bearing etc. In this study, the experiment is used to investigate the microscopic mechanism of the oil film under the combined squeeze and sliding motion.
  The laser optical system is employed in the starting friction tester to measure the film thickness accurately by the principle of optical interferometry. High-speed video camera with the microscope records the dynamic characteristics of lubrication in the diminutive contact region.
  Results show that the dimple becomes deeper with increasing squeeze velocity. When sliding velocity increases, the duration of dimple becomes shorter, but when the squeeze load increases, the dimple can keep longer. Furthermore, the dimple diameter increases with increasing the curvature radius of steel ball at the same experiment condition.
總 目 錄
頁次
總目錄i
圖目錄iv
表目錄ix
符號說明x
中文摘要xi
英文摘要xii
第一章 緒論1
1-1 前言1
1-2 文獻回顧3
1-2-1 光學干涉3
1-2-2 影像分析4
1-2-3 擠壓效應5
1-2-4 凹坑效應5
1-3 油膜厚度之量測方法6
1-4 研究動機及本文重點7
1-5 論文架構8
第二章 基本原理9
2-1 雷射9
2-2 光源分析12
2-2-1 白光觀測光源12
2-2-2 雷射觀測光源16
2-3 影像處理分析18
2-4 擠壓運動模式21
2-4-1 衝擊擠壓21
2-4-2 等速擠壓21
2-4-3 定負荷擠壓22
第三章 實驗設備與實驗方法23
3-1 實驗設備23
3-1-1 光源系統24
3-1-2 顯微觀測系統25
3-1-3 潤滑系統26
3-1-4 負荷系統26
3-1-5 擠壓速度控制系統27
3-1-6 滑動速度控制系統28
3-1-7 量測系統29
3-1-8 資料擷取、處理與分析系統34
3-2 實驗材料36
3-2-1 潤滑油性質36
3-2-2 材料性質與試片規格36
3-3 實驗條件37
3-4 實驗步驟38
第四章 實驗結果與討論39
4-1 光源比較39
4-1-1 Hertz接觸之幾何外型39
4-1-2 純擠的油膜幾何外型40
4-2 Hertz接觸44
4-3 擠滑狀況下之油膜動態特性47
4-3-1 負荷效應對油膜凹坑的影響47
4-3-2 擠壓速度效應對油膜凹坑的影響55
4-3-3 滑動速度效應對油膜凹坑的影響60
4-3-4 曲率效應對油膜厚度的影響65
4-4 油膜的持續時間68
4-4-1 負荷效應與油膜持續時間的關係68
4-4-2 擠壓速度效應與油膜持續時間的關係72
4-4-3 滑動速度效應與油膜持續時間的關係75
4-4-4 曲率效應與油膜持續時間的關係78
4-5 接觸面間的摩擦係數81
第五章 結論與未來展望88
5-1 結論88
5-2 未來展望90
參考文獻91
參 考 文 獻1.I. Newton, Optics, Dover, New York, pp.193-224, (1952).2.R. Gohar and A. Cameron “Optical Measurement of Oil Film Thickness under Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication”, Nature, V.200, N.4905, pp.458-459, (1963).3.A. Jackson and A. Cameron, “An Interferometric Study of the EHL of Rough Surface”, ASLE Trans., V.19, N.1, pp.50-60, (1974).4.Y. F. Yuan, D. R. Chen and X. M. Kong, “Measurement of Topography of Finished Ssurface by Frustrated Total Reflection (FTP)”, Wear, V.196, pp.60-63, (1996)5.B. J. Griffiths, R. H. Middleton and B. A. Wilkie, “Conditioning Monitoring of the Grinding Process Using Light Scattering”, Wear, V.198, pp.39-45, (1996)6.G. J. Johnson, R. Wayte and H. A. Spikes, “The Measurement and Study of Very Thin Lubricant Film in Concentrated Contacts”, Tribol. Trans., V.34, N.2 , pp.187-194, (1991)7.M. Smeeth, H. A. Spike and S. Gunsel, “The Formation of Viscous Surface Film Bye Polymer Solutions Boundary or Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication”, Tribol. Trans., V.39, N.3 , pp.720-750, (1996)8.Luo Jianbin, Qian Linmao, Wen Shan, Wen Liu and Wen Shizhu, “The Failure of Fluid Film at Nano-Scale”, Tribol. Trans., V.42, N.4, pp.912-916, (1999)9.C. A. Forrd, W. C. Hammann and A. Cameron, ”Evaluation of Lubricants Using Optical Elastohydrodynamics”, ASLE Trans., V.11, N.1, pp.31-43, (1968). 10.L. Gustafsson, E. Hoglund and O. Marklund, “Measuring Lubricant Film Thickness with Image Analysis”, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., J, J. Eng. Tribol., V.208, N.3, pp.199-205, (1994).11.P. M. Cann and H. A. Spikes, “The Development of a Spacer Layer Imaging Method (SLIM) for Mapping Elastohydrodynamic Contacts”, Tribol. Trans., V.39, N.4, pp.915-921, (1996).12. M. Hartl, I. Krupka and M. Liska, “Differential Colorimetry: Tool for Evaluation of Chromatic Interference Patterns”, Opt. Eng., V.36, N.9, pp.2384-2391, (1997).13.Luo Jianbin, Wen Shizhu and Huang Ping, “Thin Film Lubrication Part I: Study on the Transition between EHL and Thin Film Lubrication Using a Relative Optical Interference Intensity Technique”, Wear, V.194, pp.107-115, (1996)14.H. Christensen, “The Oil Film in a Closing Gap”, Proc. R. Soc. London. Ser. A, V226, pp.312-328, (1962)15.R. Larsson and E. Honglund, “Numerical Simulation of a Ball Impacting and Rebounding a Lubricated Surface”, ASME J. Tribol., V.117, pp.94-102, (1995)16.G. R. Paul and A. Cameron, “An Absolute High-pressure Microviscometer Based on Refractive Index”, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. A, Math. Phys. Sci., V.331, pp.171-184, (1972)17.D. Dowson and D. A. Jones, “Lubricant Entrapment Between Approaching Elastic Solids”, Nature, V.214, N.5091, pp.947-948, (1967).18. N. Ren, D. Zhu and S. Z. Wen, “Experimental Method for Quantitative Analysis of Transient EHL”, Tribol. Int., V.24, N.4, pp.225-230, (1991).19.P. L. Wong, S. Lingard and A. Cameron, “A Simplified Impact Microviscometer”, Tribol. Int., V.25, N.6, pp.363-366 (1992)20.T. B. Lane and J. R. Hughes, “A Study of the Oil Film Formation in Gears by Electrical Resistance Measurements”, Br. J. Appl. Phys., V.3, N.10, pp.315-318, (1952).21.溫詩鑄、楊沛然 著, “彈性流體動力潤滑”, 清華大學出版社, ISBN 7-302-01007-2(1992).22.L. B. Sibley and F. K. Orcutt, “Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Rolling-Contact Surface”, ASLE Trans., V.4, N.2, pp.234-245, (1961).23.A. Dyson, H. Naylor and A. R. Wilson, “The Measurement of Oil-Film Thickness in Elastohydrodynamic Contacts”, Proceedings of Symposium on Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication, Leeds, England, Inst. Mech. Eng., London, pp.76-91, (1965-1966).24.B. J. Hamrock and D. Dowson, “Isothermal Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Point Contact Part-III Fully Flooded Results”, J. Lubr. Technol., V.99, N.2, pp.264-276, (1977)25.楊沛然,“滾子間非定常潤滑油膜的研究”, 潤滑與密封, 1985年, 第三期.26.M. T. Kirk, “Hydrodynamic Lubrication of Perspex”, Nature, V.194, N.4832, pp.965-966, (1962).27.A. Cameron and R. Gohar, “Theoretical and Experimental Studies of the Oil in Lubricated Point Contact”, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., A291, pp.520-536, (1966).28.C. A. Foord, W. C. Hamman and A. Cameron, “Evaluation of Lubricants Using Optical Elastohydrodynamics”, ASLE Trans., V.11, pp.31-43, (1968).29.L. D. Wedeven, “Traction and Film Thickness Measurements under Starved Elastohydrodynamics Conditions”, J. Lubr. Technol., V.97, N.2, pp321-329, (1975)30.H. E. Sliney, “Dynamics of Solid Lubrication as Observed by Optical Microscopy”, ASLE Trans., V.21, N.2, pp.109-117, (1978).31.V. Cusano and H. E. Sliney, “Dynamics of Solid Dispersion in Oil during the Lubrication of Point Contacts, Part I-Graphite”, ASLE Trans., V.25, N.2, pp.183-189, (1982).32.R. Gohar, “Elastohydrodynamics”, E. Horwood, ISBN 0-85312-820-0 (1998)33.母國光、戰元齡 編, “光學”, 高等教育出版社, (1978)34.趙凱華、鍾錫華 編, “光學”, 儒林圖書公司, (1997) 35.潘篤武、賈玉潤、陳善準 編著, “光學”, 復旦大學出版社, (1997)36.Orazio Svelto, “Principles of Lasers”, Plenum Press, ISBN 0306308600, (1976)37.Hans Koebner, “Industrial Applications of Lasers”, Wiley, ISBN 0471901156, (1984)38.Edward H. Piepmeier, “Analytical Applications of Lasers”, Wiley, ISBN 0471870234, (1986)39.J. Wilson and J.F.B. Hawkes, “Lasers, Principles and Applications”, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0135236975, (1987)40.束越新 著, “顏色光學理論”, 山東科技出版社, (1981)41.李亨 著, “顏色技術原理及其應用”, 科學出版社, (1997)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top