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研究生:蔡錦文
研究生(外文):Chin-Wen Tsai
論文名稱:管材液壓鼓脹成形之實驗與模擬
論文名稱(外文):Experiments and Simulations of Tube Hydraulic Forming
指導教授:黃永茂
指導教授(外文):Yeong-Maw Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:管材液壓鼓脹成形
外文關鍵詞:hydroformingTHF
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:275
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0

本研究之目的為探討不同加工因子對管材成形性之影響。在無軸向推力、自由鼓脹的條件下,影響管材鼓脹壓力與成形性之加工因子有入模半徑、管材厚度、鼓脹長度及管材直徑等。為了進行管材液壓鼓脹成形之各項實驗,本論文首先設計並製作出一管材液壓鼓脹成形系統,包括管材液壓鼓脹機台、油壓供應裝置、1比4增壓器及1/2ton小型吊車等。然後在實驗方面,以410℃退火處理過之AA6063-T4鋁合金管為實驗管材,執行不同管材厚度、不同鼓脹長度及不同入模半徑等相關之實驗工作。另外,亦使用有限元素套裝軟體進行上述之加工條件對鼓脹高度、成形壓力及管厚度分佈等之影響。由實驗與解析結果之比較,探討管材於鼓脹成形過程中之變形機制。


The objective of this study is to explore the effects of various process parameters upon the tube formability. In the condition of no axial loads and free bulging, the process parameters that affect tube bulge pressure and formability are die corner radius, tube thickness, bulge length and tube diameter. To proceed the experiments of tube hydro forming, this paper has designed and constructed an experimental system of tube hydroforming comprised of a hard tooling set, hydraulic pressurization circuit, an intensifier and a half ton hoisting device, firstly. In experiments, annealed aluminum alloy tubes are used to carry out the experiments with different tube thickness, bulge length and die corner radius. Furthermore, FEM packages are applied to proceed the analyses of bulge height, forming pressure and tube thickness distribution with forming parameters above. Finally, the comparisons between the analytical and experimental results are discussed to explore the deform action mechanism of tube hydro-forming.


目 錄
論文摘要Ⅰ
目錄Ⅲ
圖表索引Ⅴ
第一章 緒論1
1-1 前言1
1-2 THF製程簡介3
1-3 管材液壓鼓脹成形之文獻回顧5
1-5 本研究之目的7
1-6 本論文之架構7
第二章 管材液壓鼓脹成形之實驗結果10
2-1 實驗簡介10
2-2 實驗週邊設備及量測儀器10
2-2-1管材液壓鼓脹試驗機台10
2-2-2高壓液體供應設備14
2-2-3增壓器14
2-2-4 1/2ton小型吊車14
2-2-5量測儀器14
2-3 壓力媒介15
2-4系統液壓迴路16
2-5實驗管材之準備16
2-5-1退火之目的17
2-5-2退火溫度-時間之設定17
2-6實驗步驟17
2-7實驗結果與討論18
2-7-1實驗參數定義18
2-7-2實驗結果圖表說明18
2-7-3實驗規劃19
2-7-4再現性探討19
2-7-5管材退火前後之實驗結果19
2-7-6 不同鼓脹長度及初始厚度之實驗結果19
2-7-7 不同入模半徑之實驗結果20
2-7-8 不同壓力下管材鼓脹輪廓之實驗結果21
2-7-9 不同壓力下管材厚度之實驗結果21
2-7-10 管材之異方性實驗21
2-7-11 管材之材料特性實驗22
2-7-12 實驗結果總結22
第三章 管材液壓鼓脹成形之有限元素模擬45
3-1 DEFORM之簡介45
3-2 DEFORM 2D之分析模式46
3-3模擬結果與實驗結果之比較47
3-3-1 不同實驗成形壓力-鼓脹高度圖之比較47
3-3-2 不同成形壓力下管材鼓脹輪廓及厚度之比較48
3-3-3 誤差產生原因之探討48
3-4各項加工因子對成形壓力影響之模擬結果49
第四章 結論62
4-1 研究成果之概要62
4-2 今後研究之課題63
參考文獻65
附錄A 螺栓之設計67


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