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研究生:張燕明
研究生(外文):Chang, Yen-min
論文名稱:老年人不同休閒運動型態之平衡控制效果
論文名稱(外文):Effect of different recreational activities on balance control in old people
指導教授:陳重佑陳重佑引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:51
中文關鍵詞:休閒活動老人學平衡控制高台站立
外文關鍵詞:recreational activitygerontologybalance controlheight standing
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本研究的主要目的是探討老年人從事不同休閒運動型態,在不同高度站立平衡控制能力效果之比較。研究以從事太極拳、網球和游泳運動的65至74歲男性老年人為實驗對象,並以Catsys2000平衡測量系統記錄與分析,每組各18人(共54人)進行雙足張眼站立60秒及各組中隨機抽取6人(共18人)進行單足張眼站立30秒的靜態平衡控制能力,實驗參加者均須站立於平地、1/4身高及1/2身高等三種高度的平台測試。3´3混合設計二因子變異數分析比較平均擺動距離、橫軸擺動距離、矢狀軸擺動距離、擺動面積、擺動速度和擺動強度等平衡控制參數,統計的顯著水準設定為α= .05。研究結果顯示老年人雙足站立平衡控制能力,在不同休閒運動、不同站立高度均沒有顯著差異(p>.05)。在單足站立平衡控制能力方面,從事太極拳運動老年人的平衡控制表現,在平均擺動距離、矢狀軸擺動距離、擺動面積、擺動速度和擺動強度等參數均優於游泳及網球運動(p<.05)。根據研究結果,雖然不同休閒運動老年人在雙足站立都有相同的控制能力,但是,本研究也建議從事網球與游泳運動的老年人應於運動期間考慮加入單足站立平衡的動作控制訓練。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quiet balance control abilities under various heights standing for old people involved in different recreational activities. Three groups of voluntary participants mainly played Tai-chi Quan, tennis, and swimming respectively, ranging in age between sixty-five and seventy-four years. There were eighteen old people for each group, with fifty-four in total, been asked to perform both feet standing with eyes open for 60 seconds, and six people chosen randomly from each group, with 18 in total, been asked to perform one foot standing with eyes open for 30 seconds. The Catsys 2000 system was used to record and to analysis the balance control abilities during the participant stand on flat ground, a quarter of body height of platform, and a half of body height of platform. The difference for the parameters of balance control ability included mean sway, transversal X, sagittal Y, sway area, sway velocity and sway intensity were analyzed by mixed design, 3 (recreational activity) ´ 3 (treatment), two-way ANOVA, and the significant level was set at .05. The results of the study indicated that there was no any significant difference (p>.05) during both feet standing for three kinds of recreational activity under various standing heights. The quiet one-foot stance balance functions included mean sway, sagittal Y, sway area, sway velocity and sway intensity showed the old people habitual for the Tai-chi Quan exercise were better significantly (p<.05) than those tennis exercise or swimming exercise. Although these findings indicated that old people in the habit of engaging in recreational activities have equal balance control abilities during standing on both feet. It is suggested that old people playing tennis and playing swimming should consult to include the exercise prescription of the control of balance concerning standing on one foot.
中文摘要……………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要……………………………………………………Ⅱ
謝誌…………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
目 次………………………………………………………………….Ⅴ
附 錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅶ
表 次……………………………………………………………………Ⅷ
圖 次……………………………………………………………………Ⅸ
第壹章 緒論…………………………………………………………....1
第一節 前言……………………………………….……………...1
第二節 問題背景…………………………………………………2
第三節 研究目的…………………………………………………5
第四節 研究假設…………………………………………………6
第五節 研究範圍、限制與假定…………………………………6
第六節 名詞解釋與操作性定義………………………………....8
第七節 研究的重要性…………………………………………....9
第貳章 文獻探討……………………………………………….…….10
第一節 靜態平衡之相關研究……………………….……….…10
第二節 年齡與平衡之相關研究………………..…………..…..11
第三節 運動與平衡之相關研究……….………………...……..12
第四節 本章總結……………..………………………………....14
第參章 研究方法與步驟……………………..………………………15
第一節 實驗對象…………………………...….………………..15
第二節 實驗時間與地點.…………………………………….…16
第三節 實驗儀器與設備..……………………..…………….….16
第四節 實驗流程與步驟…………………….…...………….….19
第五節 資料處理與分析.…………………………………….…22
第肆章 結果與討論…………………………………………...……...23
第一節 雙足站立平衡控制…………………………...……...23
第二節 單足站立平衡控制……………………...……...28
第三節 綜合討論………………………………………...……...35
第伍章 結論與建議…………………………………………...……...40
第一節 結論…………..………..………………...……...40
第二節 建議…………….…………………………...……...41
參考文獻………………………………………..………………………44
中文部份…………………………………………………….…….44
英文部份………………………………………………….….46
附錄一 實驗參加者同意書………………………………………..49
附錄二 實驗參加者須知…………………………………………..50
附錄三 休閒運動調查表…………………………………………..51
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英文部分
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