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研究生:王苓華
研究生(外文):Wang, Lin-Hwa
論文名稱:網球截擊之三維運動與動量分析
論文名稱(外文):THREE-DIMENSIONAL KINEMATIC AND MOMENTUM ANALYSIS OF TENNIS VOLLEY
指導教授:蘇芳慶蘇芳慶引用關係陳重佑陳重佑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Su, Fong-ChinChen, Chung-Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:網球截擊上肢運動學動量
外文關鍵詞:tennisvolleyupper extremitykinematicsmomentum
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:9
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  • 下載下載:140
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本研究之目的在於(一)建立重擊式與點擊式截擊在不同擊球側時,上肢各關節與軀幹之運動學資料;(二)比較重擊式與點擊式截擊動作及不同擊球側之差異;(三)透過肢體動量傳遞的參數以及球速的差異,探討兩種截擊動作的效果。本研究以六位男性的全能型網球選手為實驗對象(平均年齡26.59.4歲、身高173.33.8公分和體重67.311.0公斤),所有實驗參與者慣用手為右手。利用HiRES三度空間運動分析系統,以六台攝影機收集各實驗參與者截擊時的肢體運動軌跡影像資料。量化分析優秀的網球選手在不同截擊狀態下的軀幹和上肢在網球重截擊與點截擊動作之運動學及動量參數,並以t檢定(t-test)方法比較截擊方式及不同擊球側角運動的差異。本研究所得結果如下:在比較不同擊球側之角運動範圍,兩種截擊動作都沒有顯著的差異。比較不同擊球動作之角運動範圍,以前臂在反拍加速期的旋前/旋後運動具有顯著差異(p<.05,ES=1.54)。兩種截擊的線動量都是以前臂的線動量最高,即截擊動作主要動量是由前臂而來,重截擊時軀幹及肩關節會產生較大運動範圍,如此,可產生較多動能。而腕關節的運動較少,其主要功能為維持腕關節穩定並將球之動能反彈回去。研究結果將可提供網球教練與選手在截擊訓練及成果評估。同時,亦有助於臨床醫師及治療師在網球之運動傷害的診斷及臨床治療。
The purpose of this study was to 1) quantify the kinematics and linear and angular momentum of upper extremity in tennis volley; 2) investigate the effects of the volley technique and hand drive type, forehand and backhand, on biomechanical behavior; and 3) understand how segment momentum transfer affects the ball velocity at impact. Six male tennis players (mean age 26.59.4 yrs; height 173.33.8 cm; weight 67.311.0 kg) with right dominate side were recruited in this study. The six-camera HiRES Expert Vision motion system (Motion analysis Corp., Santa Rosa, CA, USA) was used to collect the motion of the upper extremity and trunk during tennis volley using two volley techniques, punch and drop, as well as forehand drive and backhand drive at sampling rate of 240 Hz. Ten trials were collected for each technique and drive type for each subject. Each trial lasted for 8 seconds with 3-minute rest between trials. A developed biomechanical model of upper extremity was used to compute the three-dimensional (3D) joint motion and momentum of the trunk and upper extremity. Student t-test was used to compare the differences between volley techniques and drive types. The results showed that the range of motion (ROM) in forehand and backhand was no significant different In the acceleration phase, this study found that the ROM of forearm pronation/supination in backhand were larger than forehand (p<.05, ES=1.54). The ROM and velocity in the trunk and shoulder in punch volley may indicate that it requires greater rotatory momentum to bounce back the ball compared to drop volley. In the contrast, greater forearm pronation and wrist joint motion in drop volley demonstrated that the forearm and wrist played an important role in the ball control. These results are similar to previous findings in backhand volley. Understanding of the 3D biomechanical behavior of upper extremity during different types of tennis volley could allow tennis players and coaches to improve the performance of tennis technique and prevent injury. It is also helpful for the physicians and therapists in diagnosis of sports injury and clinical treatment.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
謝誌 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
符號說明 viii
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究假設 3
第四節 研究範圍與限制 3
第五節 研究假定 3
第六節 名詞解釋與操作性定義 4
第七節 研究的重要性 4
第貳章 文獻探討 5
第一節 網球擊球技術之研究 5
第二節 截擊動作之相關研究 9
第三節 截擊動作之生物力學研究 10
第四節 總結 12
第參章 研究方法與步驟 14
第一節 理論基礎 14
第二節 研究對象 24
第三節 實驗時間與地點 25
第四節 實驗設備 25
第五節 實驗步驟 26
第六節 資料收集與處理 29
第肆章 結果與討論 31
第一節 關節之角運動 31
第二節 關節之角速度 44
第三節 肢體動量之傳遞 49
第四節 綜合討論 53
第伍章 結論與建議 58
第一節 結論 58
第二節 建議 60
參考文獻 61
附錄 65
附錄A 實驗參與者須知 65
附錄B 實驗參與者同意書 66
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