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研究生:陳曉如
研究生(外文):Hsiao-Ru Chen
論文名稱:車內語音導航系統之介面設計與人因考量
論文名稱(外文):Interface Design and Ergonomic Considerations for In-Vehicle Auditory Guidance System
指導教授:黃雪玲黃雪玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sheue-Ling Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:車內導航系統駕駛行為駕駛績效道路安全語音導航系統聽覺導航資訊虛擬環境人機介面設計
外文關鍵詞:in-vehicle navigation systemdriving behaviordriving performanceroad safetyauditory guidance systemauditory guidance informationvirtual environmenthuman-machine interface design
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隨著科技的高度發展與民眾對車輛性能的要求提昇,車內導航系統已經從費而不惠的奢侈品轉為日益普及的基本配備。處於錯綜複雜的道路網絡中,車內導航系統儼然駕駛人的得力助手,經由這些科技產品的輔助,駕駛人不僅改善駕駛品質,亦大幅降低了駕駛風險。
許多學者透過電腦與人類的互動過程來探討駕駛行為,儘管以視覺和聽覺導航系統為主題的文獻多如牛毛,但與語音導航系統的資訊量、頻率與時點等議題有關的研究卻如鳳毛麟角。本研究之目的係探討車輛在引進語音導航系統後對駕駛行為造成的影響,企圖發展出語音導航系統設計時應考量的人因工程設計準則以達到提高駕駛績效與增進道路安全之目標。本研究擬以虛擬環境技術為工具在實驗室中模擬出智慧型車輛,實驗的進行並從心理、生理與績效等多元的面向來觀察並蒐集駕駛行為與反應,進而分析與驗證車輛引進新技術對駕駛行為的影響。
最後根據實驗結果並配合以人為中心的車輛設計思維,提出車內語音導航系統人機介面設計時應考量的人因工程準則與建議。
In-vehicle navigation systems have been proposed as efficient tools for drivers nowadays. Through the use of these advanced technologies, drivers can enjoy more high-quality life such as receiving real-time information, driving with shorter route duration, quickly to reach the destination, and so on. However, driving is a mental-driven and highly information-processing task which requires more cognitive ability and less physical skill.
Most researches deliberate drivers’ behavior by focusing on the interaction between human and hardware. However, the issues for elaborating “Auditory information frequencies” deserve very little attention. As far as drivers are concerned, auditory assistance could be a critical point for enhancing driving performance and traffic safety. That’s the reason for conducting this study.
A driving simulator is being used for the present study. All the relative data and driving reactions are recorded for further analysis. According to the experimental results, the human-centered design principles and suggestions will be proposed.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
摘 要................................................. I
ABSTRACT..............................................II
誌 謝................................................III
TABLE OF CONTENTS.....................................IV
LIST OF FIGURES....................................... V
LIST OF TABLES........................................VI
1. INTRODUCTION........................................1
1.1 MOTIVATION.........................................1
1.2 RESEARCH PURPOSE...................................2
1.3 PROCEDURE..........................................3
2. LITERATURE REVIEW...................................5
2.1 IN-VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS......................5
2.1.1 Function of Navigation Systems...................5
2.1.2 General effects of in-vehicle navigation systems.5
2.1.3 Comparisons of the Audio and Visual navigation systems................................................7
2.1.4 Comparisons of different types of navigation aids...................................................8
2.2 HUMAN FACTORS ABOUT SAFETY, IN-VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS, AND DRIVER BEHAVIORS...................................9
2.3 SUMMARY OF RECENT DRIVING-RELATED RESEARCH........13
3. RESEARCH METHOD....................................18
3.1 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN...............................18
3.1.1 Subject.........................................19
3.1.2 Independent variables...........................19
3.1.3 Dependent variables.............................20
3.1.4 Apparatus.......................................20
3.1.5 Experimental procedures.........................24
3.2 RESULTS...........................................27
3.2.1 Trip durations..................................27
3.2.2 Trip distance...................................30
3.2.3 Frequencies of navigation error.................33
3.2.4 Subjective rating...............................34
4. DISCUSSION.........................................36
4.1 NAVIGATION MODALITIES.............................36
4.2 GENDER............................................37
4.3 VISIBILITY........................................38
5. CONCLUSION.........................................40
5.1 CONTRIBUTIONS.....................................40
5.2 LIMITATIONS AND INSUFFICIENCIES...................41
5.2 FURTHER RESEARCH..................................42
REFERENCES............................................44
APPENDIX [1]..........................................48
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1.1 Research procedure..........................4
Figure 2.1 Three levels of the driving behaviors......12
Figure 3.1 Dynamic control program in the virtual environment...........................................21
Figure 3.2 Traffic scene (1) from driver’s viewpoint in the virtual environment...................................22
Figure 3.3 Traffic scene(2) from driver’s viewpoint in the virtual environment...................................23
Figure 3.4 Apparatus devices: (1) personal computer (2) steering wheel and (3) accelerator and break pedal.................................................23
Figure 3.5 Photos of the experimental procedure -01...25
Figure 3.6 Photos of the experimental procedure -02...25
Figure 3.7 Photos of the experimental procedure -03...26
Figure 3.8 Photos of the experimental procedure -04...27
Figure 3.9 The interaction effect between navigation modalities and gender on trip duration...........................28
Figure 3.10 The interaction effect between navigation modalities and visibility on trip duration............29
Figure 3.11 The average trip duration of using four navigation modalities............................................30
Figure 3.12 The interaction effect between navigation modalities and gender on trip distance................31
Figure 3.13 The interaction effect between navigation modalities and visibility on trip distance............32
Figure 3.14 The average trip distance of using four navigation modalities............................................33
Figure 3.15 The frequency distribution of navigation errors while using four navigation modalities................34
Figure 3.16 Subject measurements of different navigation modalities............................................35
LIST OF TABLES
Table 2.1 Summary of recent literature about drivers''behaviors.....................................15
Table 3.1 Experimental design.........................19
Table 3.2 Sequence of experimental trials.............24
Table 3.3 The ANOVA summary table of three independent variables on trip duration............................27
Table 3.4 The ANOVA summary table of three independent variables on trip distance............................31
Table 4.1 The comparison of driving and driving with auditory guidance..............................................37
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