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研究生:蕭禮明
論文名稱:建構半導體製造資訊系統雛型與電子化製造管理之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study for constructing a prototype for manufacturing information system & E-manufacturing
指導教授:簡禎富簡禎富引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:主管資訊系統半導體製造管理製造資料分析資料挖礦知識分享決策分析
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半導體廠中績效指標間的關係十分複雜且彼此影響,難以用人為直觀方法或用簡單的模式加以釐清。績效指標是一個組織運作的指導原則和動力,好的指標才能指導正確方向,做好資源分配,進而引導出好的績效。既有半導體製造管理研究大多偏重個別指標之局部最佳化作為目標。本研究回顧相關文獻、訪談領域專家,以發展半導體製造管理相關的指標,讓管理者或決策者能夠了解指標之間的層級關係;並定義各個指標、解釋指標意義、計算方式及使用規則。本研究並進一步分析實際半導體廠生產製造的資料,利用資料挖礦的手法,找出指標間特殊的樣型與規則,以實證推導的模式和指標之間的關係,作為半導體廠的製造決策的依據。此外,針對半導體製造管理之需求,建構完整之目標層級架構,並發展製造資訊系統的雛型,提供了四個功能模組,以作為電子化製造管理決策(E-Manufacturing)之依據。其中包含提供每日生產會議的報表、監控關鍵性績效指標、生產資料的資料挖礦與分析與資訊的分類與關聯性分析,各個模組間是可以相互獨立與互相整合的,利用這些功能模組以達到知識管理基礎,而使用者在經過授權後可在任何地方透過網際網路查詢所需求的資訊。目前本研究所發展的資訊系統之雛型系統,正導入到臺灣某知名半導體廠中。
The indexes for semiconductor manufacturing management are complicated and interrelated. Therefore, it is hard to clarify the relationships among the indexes to specify useful rules for production management. Existing approaches rely on following individual indexes without considering the production system as a whole. This study aims to fill the gaps by review the related studies on semiconductor manufacturing management and develop a complete set of performance indexes in hierarchy. In addition, we develop a web-based semiconductor manufacturing information system to facilitate production management and effective communication. In particular, four functionalities are identified and developed as follow: (i) an information module for daily operation reports, (ii) a monitoring module for key performance indexes, (iii) an information classification and retrieval module, (iv) a data mining module for production data analysis. These modules are indeed interrelated and integrated, though they can also perform designed functions independently. Furthermore, the accumulated information is organized to facilitate knowledge management. The authorized users can access the developed Internet-based system without geographical barrier. A prototype has been developed and implemented in a semiconductor fab in Taiwan. This study summarizes our findings and concludes with further research.
目 錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝詞 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 x
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 論文結構與研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1半導體製造績效衡量指標 5
2.1.1半導體製造績效指標 6
2.2 製造資料挖礦與分析 7
2.3 決策支援系統與高階主管資訊系統 8
2.3.1 決策支援系統 8
2.3.2 群體決策支援模組 9
2.3.3高階主管資訊系統 10
2.3.4 EIS的定義 11
2.3.5 EIS的特性 12
2.3.6 EIS、DSS與MIS比較 13
2.4 EIS在資訊系統中扮演的角色 16
2.5 決定EIS的資訊需求 18
2.5.1 關鍵性成功指標 19
2.5.2 雛型發展法 20
2.5.3 企業策略目標 21
2.5.4 目標層級架構 22
2.6 開發高階主管資訊系統 24
2.6.1 開發EIS的成員架構 24
2.6.2 開發EIS的程序 26
2.5.3設計EIS的使用介面 27
2.7 EIS失敗與成功的因素 29
2.7.1 EIS失敗的因素 29
2.7.2 EIS成功的因素 30
第三章、半導體製造資訊系統之研究架構 32
3.1資訊來源 33
3.2資訊需求分析 35
3.2.1目標層級架構法 35
3.2.2現在報表資訊系統的比較 37
3.3 資料庫之設計 42
3.4 設計使用者介面 45
第四章、建構製造資訊系統之雛型架構 51
4.1 資料挖礦模組 53
4.1.1 問題的定義 53
4.1.2 資料蒐集與準備 54
4.1.3 資料挖掘 56
4.1.4 規則萃取 58
4.2 群體決策支援模組 63
4.3 高階主管資訊模組 68
4.3.1 EIS主畫面 70
4.3.2 個人化網頁 78
第五章 結論與未來研究 81
5.1 結論&具體貢獻 81
5.2 未來研究 82
參考文獻 83
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