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研究生:吳昆芳
研究生(外文):Emerson Wu
論文名稱:台灣半導體產業供應鏈管理之新近做法研究
論文名稱(外文):A study of the recent practices on supply chain management of semiconductor industries in Taiwan
指導教授:朱詣尹朱詣尹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Y.Y. Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:晶圓代工整合元件製造創新系統供應鏈管理變革管理知識管理
外文關鍵詞:Wafer FoundryIntegrated Device ManufactureInnovation SystemSupply Chain ManagementChange ManagementKnowledge Management
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論文摘要
在台灣的半導體產業中,面對全球化後對供應鏈管理的需求與整體發展的趨勢,為了提昇企業整體的營運效率、降低庫存、提高產能利用的績效與品質,以縮短產品進入市場的前置時間,同時增加企業對於市場的反應能力,半導體製造業者紛紛檢討及強化其供應鏈管理體系,並透過與資訊科技的結合應用,在技術方面或制度方面進行創新,真正架構出符合其企業營運需求、高效率、具備前瞻性競爭力的企業架構,以因應其所面對的競爭議題。
本研究的主要目的,擬以台灣半導體製造業的兩大主流的代表業者的產業供應鏈管理 其推行的過程來探討以下三點:
(一)、歸納及整理半導體製造業供應鏈管理的關鍵議題;
(二)、了解半導體製造業廠商面對這些關鍵議題的創新做法或規劃;
(三)、最後,建立以創新為基礎的競爭力發展的參考模式,以做為半導體廠商結構化推動供應鏈創新,建構產業競爭力的參考。
建立此參考模式的目的在使創新的過程更有結構性,而且能夠與供應鏈管理體系的運作緊密的結合。模式中結合市場機制、半導體製造業企業策略、供應鏈核心流程、核心流程知識庫、創新循環等元件,並融合衡量創新有效性的考慮因素,透過技術與體制不斷的循環,提供半導體製造業者更有效率的落實創新的概念,將創新融入管理活動中,協助企業建立差異化優勢,因應競爭條件的改變。

Abstract
Taiwan’s semiconductor industries, facing strong demands on global supply chain management, have to improve enterprise overall performance, reduce inventory, enhance capacity utilization, shorten the product time to market, and enhance the pro-active responsiveness to the changes. Corporations are reviewing and enhancing their supply chain architecture and incorporating information technologies to introduce technological innovation to construct highly efficient, competitive, and foresighted business architecture, for them to gain competitive positions.
The purpose of this research are focusing on Taiwan major two semiconductor industries sectors during their supply chain management developing milestones to study three key topics below:
1. The crucial issues of SCM which existing in semiconductor industries in Taiwan.
2. The innovative methods or approaches of Taiwan seminconductor industries.
3. An Innovative Competitiveness Development Reference Model for semiconductor industries to construct a creative and organized approach to supply chain innovation.
The purpose to build this reference model is to construct well-organized innovation process and tighten the connection with internal supply chain. The model incorporates key modulars that includes market force, business strategies of semiconductor manufacturers, core processes, knowledge of core processes, innovation cycle, and with the measures to evaluate innovation effectiveness. Via the driving force of technologies and principles, provide semiconnductor industries a more efficient way to deploy innovation, to build up differentiatial strength, and to meet various competitions.

1-1 企業策略發展的基本訴求………………………………5
1-2 研究動機…………………………………………………8
1-3 研究議題…………………………………………………9
1-4 研究目的…………………………………….…………10
1-5 研究範圍…………………………………….…………11
1-6 預期成果與貢獻 …..................…………..11
第二章. 文獻探討………………………………………….13
2-1 供應鏈之定義與內涵………………………….………13
2-2 創新系統…………………………………………….…15
2-3 創新循環…………………………………………….…16
2-4 知識管理……………………………………………...17
第三章. 研究方法…………………………………………………………...20
3-1 研究方法…………………………………….…………20
3-2 研究流程與步驟………………………….……………20
3-3 研究架構……………………………………………….24
第四章. 台灣半導體製造業供應鏈管理之創新做法…….25
4-1 創新與企業競爭力…………………….………………30
4-2 創新的策略型態與啟動供應鏈創新的來源.………..35
4-3 台灣半導體製造業供應鏈管理的創新做法….………38
4-3-1 半導體景氣概況…………….………………………42
4-3-2 晶圓代工個案研究:以台積電為例..….…………47
4-3-3 整合元件製造廠個案研究:以旺宏電子為例…...53
4-3-4 台灣半導體製造業供應鏈創新做法…………….…62
4-4 以創新為基礎的競爭力發展參考模式…….…………76
4-5 創新有效性的衡量…….…....………………………92
第五章. 結論與建議………….....………………………95
5-1 結論………………….......…………………………95
5-2 未來的發展建議……………….………………………97
參考文獻………………….......…………………………99
附錄A:訪談記錄表……………..……………………….103
附錄B:成功發展電子化供應鏈管理參考要點……….…104
附錄C:名詞縮寫注釋…………………………………….109

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