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研究生:鄭宇盛
論文名稱:CPC架構下之PDM與ERP共構系統整合流程研究
論文名稱(外文):The integrated processes of PDM and ERP cosystem under CPC
指導教授:陳飛龍陳飛龍引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:143
中文關鍵詞:協同產品商務產品資料交換標準型態管理產品資料管理企業資源管理
外文關鍵詞:Collaborative Product Commerce (CPC)STandard for the Exchange of Product data (STEP)Configuration Management (CM)Product Data Management (PDM)Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
今日網際網路應用越來越廣泛,為了縮短產品從設計、製造到配銷的時間,協同產品商務(CPC)觀念也因此產生。協同產品商務是以有系統的流程管理架構,藉由Internet的技術,整合跨企業間之產品設計、工程、製造、採購、業務、行銷、客戶服務等商業流程,將其PDM、ERP、SCM與CRM等資訊系統串接起來,進而達到縮短產品之生命週期,並建立下一代電子商務需具備的延伸企業基礎架構。
在虛擬企業中,PDM及ERP與產品之開發、製造息息相關,兩系統最具關聯性的功能模組更是以物料主檔、物料清單及工程變更為首要,故本研究分別就虛擬企業之產品資料交換與共用流程兩方向,提出PDM與ERP在CPC架構下之整合流程方法論。此整合流程方法論分為三部分:(1)以STEP標準,定義虛擬企業之產品資料結構,使企業在CPC網路平台上具有一致的產品表述模式,以利資料的交換與分享;(2)提出一BOM轉換程序,讓STEP所定義之PDM 的E-BOM可透過此程序轉換為ERP之M-BOM,滿足生產單位的需求;(3)以型態管理為基,建構虛擬企業在網路平台上之工程變更共用流程,讓虛擬企業透過此標準作業程序,有效進行工程資料變更,並建立新版本之產品物料主檔與物料清單。
在系統實作方面,本研究以相機產業為例,為該產業之虛擬企業建立一個CPC架構之網路平台與產品資料倉儲,依本研究所提出之PDM與ERP整合方法論程序,讓虛擬企業可在此網路平台上進行物料主檔、物料清單與工程變更等PDM與ERP重疊功能模組之活動,達到CPC架構之PDM與ERP整合的目的。
Today, the application of Internet is becoming more and more popular. In order to shorten the time between design, manufacture and marketing/distribution utilizing Internet technologies, the concept of Collaborative Product Commerce (CPC) has emerged as one of the important topics. Based on the architecture of systematical flow management, CPC intends to integrate the business workflows of product design, engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, sales/marketing and customer service among enterprises by the Internet techniques. CPC links the PDM, ERP, SCM and CRM systems of enterprises to shorten the product life cycle and establish the next generation E-Commerce that should have the basic framework of extending enterprises.
In a virtual enterprise (VE), PDM and ERP are closely related to the development and manufacture of products. The major overlaps of the functional modules between these two systems include the item master, BOM and engineering change procedure. For the reason, this research intends to study the integrated processes of PDM and ERP co-systems under CPC environment, with special emphasis on the issues of product data exchange and joint workflows in VE. The proposed methodology is composed of three phases. Phase 1 defines the item master of the product data structure by the standard of STEP. By this approach, the VE can apply the same rules to express product data and can therefore exchange and share these data on the CPC web platforms. Phase 2 proposes the procedure for transform the E-BOM of PDM into the M-BOM of ERP. Phase 3 intends to establish a standard workflow for the engineering change process based on the configuration management philosophy. With this standard workflow, the engineering change procedure can be processed more effectively to generate new revisions of BOM and the item master.
In the system implementation, this research takes a camera manufacturing as an example to build a web platform and data warehouse under CPC architecture. Following the proposed methodology for integrating PDM and ERP, the VE can more effectively deal with the overlapping activities of PDM and ERP including item master generation, BOM transformation and engineering change to achieve the purpose of PDM and ERP integration under CPC.
目錄……………………………………………………………………i
表目錄…………………………………………………………………iii
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………iv
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 研究目的 5
1.4 研究方法 7
1.5 章節架構 10
第二章 文獻探討 12
2.1 協同產品商務(Collaborative Product Commerce, CPC) 12
2.1.1 何謂協同產品商務 12
2.1.2 協同產品商務的驅動力量 14
2.1.3 協同產品商務的功能 15
2.2 B2B整合模式 17
2.2.1 B2B整合模式的種類 17
2.2.2 企業資訊交換流程 22
2.3 產品資料交換標準 23
2.3.1 STEP/ISO10303之定義與架構 23
2.3.2 STEP/ISO10303的構成要素 27
2.3.2.1 標準資料模組 27
2.3.2.2 EXPRESS資料描述語言 30
2.3.2.3 實行方法 33
2.3.3 STEP/ISO10303的潛在優勢 34
2.4 型態管理(Configuration Management, CM) 36
2.4.1 何謂型態管理 36
2.4.2 型態管理的標準 37
2.4.3 型態管理的程序 39
2.4.4 型態管理的優點 42
2.4 本章結論 43
第三章 共構系統整合架構與程序 44
3.1 建立產品資料標準 47
3.1.1 產品資料結構 47
3.1.2 定義產品資料結構模組 49
3.2.2.1應用協定的選定 50
3.1.2.1 以STEP為基之產品資料結構 53
3.1.2.2 產品資料模組 53
3.1.2.3 產品結構模組 64
3.2 PDM與ERP之物料清單整合 70
3.2.1 BOM之表述關聯 71
3.2.2 劃分零組件之功能別 73
3.2.3 BOM轉換程序 78
3.3 以型態管理為基之工程變更管理流程 81
3.3.1 工程變更管理資料標準 82
3.3.2 工程變更管理流程 84
3.3.2.1 型態識別 88
3.3.2.2 型態控制 90
3.3.2.3 型態狀態彙報 100
3.3.2.4 型態稽核 102
3.4 本章結論 106
第四章 CPC網路平台建構-以相機產業為例 107
4.1 相機產業之描述 107
4.2 產品物料清單說明及資料庫之建構 108
4.3 BOM轉換模式 111
4.4 產品型態管理系統 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
4.4.1 系統簡介 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
4.4.2 型態辨識 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
4.4.3 型態控制 121
4.4.4 型態狀態彙報 125
4.4.5 型態稽核 127
4.4.6 以CPC架構整合虛擬企業之PDM與ERP效益 128
4.5 本章結論 130
第五章 結論與相關研究方向 132
5.1 結論 132
5.2 相關研究方向 133
參考文獻 135
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