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研究生:李信明
研究生(外文):Richard Shing-ming Lee
論文名稱:憶法農﹕以傅柯認知移轉再現法農哲學論述與轉承
論文名稱(外文):Remembering Fanon: On the Philosophical Discourses of Fanon via Foucauldian notion of Epistemic Shifts
指導教授:廖炳惠廖炳惠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:認知移轉
外文關鍵詞:"epistemic shifts"
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我的論文以心理層面、種族偏見、身份與差異、國族。主義與其認知的局限性、以至於罪後暴力宣言,重新思考法農《黑皮膚‧白面具》以及其他著作對於當代文化的貢獻。方法論上傾向於傅柯式的認知移轉,重新再現法農於後殖民論述場域中的重要性以及探討法農對於殖民後所產生的心理認同錯置以及社會病態的解決方式。
緒論主要是論文動機說明與其法農研究的回顧。基於【批判的法農主義】一文,我的閱讀策略具有三層面向並畫分成三個章節分別討論。
第一章論法農與巴巴中拉崗式的精神分析語言挪用,藉此剖析主體建構與殖民情境的交織、影射。首先我談論法農對鏡像時期中深植於自我的離異『樣像』與『偏執狂知識』,藉以擴充於殖民想像與文化情境上。再者,我討論巴巴的精神分析語言之於殖民論述,再由解構主義中『散發』、『延宕』、『衍異』對於離異『樣像』與『偏執狂知識』加以打擊。最後回歸法農中殖民僵局的解決方式,以《揭開阿爾及利亞》、《阿爾及利亞之聲》為實踐範疇。
第二章節主要探討《黑皮膚‧白面具》中的自我偽裝與文化面向,引出一連串的議題,如離異的語言、偏執的情慾、認同的錯置,最後種族迷像,提供一條新的脈絡與後殖民思惟。
第三章談論《悲慘世界》一書所觸及的從屬性以及國族想像的「時差興」,藉以重新發聲並建立其自主性。整章節探討法農如何描述農民結構、暴動本能,提鍊出一套有別於西方權力.知名識制式下反向敘述與國族想像上的認知差異。
結論︰藉由討論法農文本中失聲的女性的挪用與錯認,重新檢驗法農的文化位置與其發現展。

Abstract
My thesis is to rethink Frantz Fanon in terms of psychic dynamic of representation, racist economy of investment, Identity and difference, nationalism and its cognitive failures and ultimately the political manifesto of violence. I draw upon Foucault’s notion of “epistemic shifts” to elaborate the trajectory of Fanon in the postcolonial contexts and thus re-confirm Fanon’s solution to the psychic dislocation and social neuroses of colonization.
Introduction deals with the motivation of thesis and reviews the current studies of Fanon.
Chapter one discusses the appropriation of Lacanian psychoanalysis in Fanon and Bhabha. It restores to surface the route in which Fanon extends the mirror period to detect the intangible bonds over subjective constitution and racial imago, the Imaginary register and bodily schema, visibility and skin that orientate us towards the colonial phantasy. Then, it examines Bhabha’s application of psychoanalytical languages to colonial discourse so such an extent he interrogates the image-identification, knowledge-stereotype, power-fetish on the pivotal turn of the mirror reflection of alienation, recognition, differentiation and difference. The solution, we find, is his introduction of “repetition with difference” that negotiates the fixed ideas of the colonized. Last of all, it traces the route in which Fanon elaborates the technologies of the colonized self and thus subverts the disciplinary gaze as activated in “Algerian Unveiled” and “This is the Voice of Algeria.”
Chapter two illustrates Fanon’s critical engagement with the “affective erethism” of Manicheism deliriums that mirror and translate the psychic dislocation and social neuroses. It indicates to trace the voyage inside/outside the phantasmatic metropolis of racism while he deals with the monadized subjects of alienated languages, perverse sexualities, misrecognition of Man, Negrophobia.
Chapter three deals with the politics of the wretched of the earth that is absent in colonialist historiography and nationalist imagined communities. With intellectual hindsight of Subaltern Studies group, it examines Fanon’s phenomenological descriptions of the “spontaneity” of the peasantry so that Fanon retrieves the subject of history and points out the cognitive failures in terms of time lag. In addition, I elaborate the travel theory of Fanon on the pivotal turn of “the occult zone of instability where the people dwell” and undertake to re-present the partial truths of Fanon at the multiculturalist assertion of difference.
Conclusion is a meditation on the disarticulated color woman in Fanon’s decolonization project. It reexamines the appropriation and misrecognition of color woman so that it reconfirms Fanon’s contribution and travel theory elsewhere.

Acknowledgement i
Abbreviations on the Thesis ii
Introduction 1
Chapter one: Thinking with Borrowed Concepts─Fanon and
Bhabha 20
Chapter two: Relative Autonomy of Subjective Lived
Experiences and A voyage Inside/Outside the
Phantasmatic Metropolis of Racism 49
Chapter three: The Politics of the wretched of the earth and
DissemiNation 74
Conclusion 95
Selected Bibliography 102
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