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研究生:涂敏芬
研究生(外文):Min-fen Tu
論文名稱:以混沌觀點探討產業與技術改變
論文名稱(外文):A Chaotic View on Industrial and Technological Change
指導教授:黎正中黎正中引用關係洪世章洪世章引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang-Chung LiShih-Chang Hung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:混沌理論李雅普諾夫指數產業與技術改變專利
外文關鍵詞:Chaos TheoryLyapunov exponentindustry and technological changepatent
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:16
  • 點閱點閱:542
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:166
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
本研究基於混沌理論的觀點與特性,探討產業與技術改變之演化行為是否具有混沌現象。在變數操作與衡量上,本研究以產業的技術產出,即為專利權申請數目,做為產業與技術改變之代理指標,搭配李雅普諾夫指數做為產業時間序列的衡量係數,並佐以全球軟體產業、半導體產業與生物科技產業為例,探討說明混沌現象對產業與技術改變的啟示。本研究的實證結果顯示,產業與技術改變遵從回饋循環、內生變化、路徑依賴與制度角色的概念性隱喻,特別在關鍵創新行動引發系統產生內生變化後,該系統所表現之混沌現象更為顯著。本文最後並討論理論與實務意涵,並延伸說明處於該產業中廠商應採取的技術策略。
In this paper, we apply chaos theory to study the nonlinear nature of industrial and technological change. Methodologically, we focus on the analyses of three industries - software, semiconductor and biotechnology - with the use of Lyapunov exponent as an indicator to the measurement of chaos. Results show that the three industries were developed to promote the conditions of feedback loops, endogenous change, path dependence and role of institutions, all centered on the edge of chaos. This kind of observation is particularly applied to industry growth following a gale of creative destruction. Implications for theory, research and practicing managers are drawn out.
目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章、導論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 論文組織架構 3
第二章、文獻回顧 5
第一節 何謂混沌理論? 5
第二節 混沌理論應用至策略 11
第三節 混沌理論應用至產業及技術發展 13
第三章ヽ研究方法 16
第一節 技術演化之代理指標(專利權申請數目) 16
第二節 資料來源 18
第三節 李雅普諾夫指數分析方式原理解析 20
第四章ヽ分析結果 23
第一節 實證結果說明 23
第二節 關鍵創新事件的技術演化 30
一、全球軟體產業 30
二、半導體產業 32
三、生物科技產業 36
第五章ヽ結論與建議 38
參考文獻 41
附錄一、全球軟體產業 46
附錄二、半導體產業 50
附錄三、生物科技產業 54
圖目錄
圖 1 本研究的流程概念圖 4
圖 2 蝴蝶效應(摘錄自LORENZ, 1963) 9
圖 3 混沌理論與產業及技術改變的相關性隱喻 14
圖 4 SOFTWARE之專利權申請數目趨勢圖(1981-2000) 23
圖 5 SEMICONDUCTOR之專利權申請數目趨勢圖(1981-2000) 24
圖 6 DNA之專利權申請數目趨勢圖(1981-2000) 24
表目錄
表 1 混沌理論的提出學者與論點說明 6
表 2 混沌理論與對產業與技術發展系統之延伸意涵的對照 15
表 3 全球軟體產業分析結果彙整表 26
表 4 半導體產業分析結果彙整表 27
表 5 生物科技產業分析結果彙整表 28
表 6 研究對象的分析結果 29
表 7 全球軟體產業從1981年1月到2000年12月的專利權申請數目 46
表 8 全球軟體產業之李雅普諾夫指數的分析過程 48
表 9 半導體產業從1981年1月到2000年12月的專利權申請數目 50
表 10 半導體產業之李雅普諾夫指數的分析過程 52
表 11 生物科技產業從1981年1月到2000年12月的專利權申請數目 54
表 12 生物科技產業之李雅普諾夫指數的分析過程 56
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