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研究生:何孟瑋
研究生(外文):Meng-wei Ho
論文名稱:使用模糊群聚與多解析度法於磁振造影影像的分割
論文名稱(外文):Segmentation of MRI Using Fuzzy Clustering and Multiresolution Techniques
指導教授:莊克士莊克士引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:原子科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:核子工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:多解析度法模糊c-means群聚法均勻數據函數圖形識別
外文關鍵詞:multiresolution methodfuzzy c-means clusteringuniform data functionalpattern recognition
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:92
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在本論文中我們結合多解析度法(multiresolution method)與模糊c-means群聚法(fuzzy c-means clustering method)提出一種新的MRI影像分割方法。首先在影像的前處理方面,我們用多解析度法將腦部T1、T2影像在不破壞影像結構並減低雜訊的情況下,轉換為較低解析度的影像。分別以處理過後的T1、T2影像的像素值為一特徵平面上x、y軸的值。再用模糊c-means群聚法將該特徵平面進行群聚分類,各群聚分別用以代表特定組織。最後將分類結果依多解析度法的性質還原成與原始輸入影像同解析度並和原始影像比對,將雜訊部分篩選出來,再轉換成各組織的分割影像。為了得知群聚分類的效果,我們使用均勻數據函數(uniform data functional,UDF)作為分類效果的好壞依據。由UDF的值顯示出當我們將所設計的特徵平面作群聚分類時,最佳的群聚數目的值與組織的種類數相吻合。分割的結果顯示,與其他使用模糊c-means群聚法的分割方法相比,雜訊與分割效果有明顯改善。
In this thesis, a multiresolution method(or called pyramid-based method)in combination with fuzzy c-means clustering method (FCM)for 3D MRI segmentation is described. A pyramid of the image is first constructed and smoothed by using a low-pass filter. The pixel values of the second layer of the pyramid of the T1 and T2 images are viewed as the two axes of the feature plane. The fuzzy c-means algorithm is then applied to the feature plane. Each cluster represents one tissue. Finally, we transform the images back to the original resolution and compare the difference with the segmented original image based on the distance from the cluster center to sift the noise. To examine the cluster result, the uniform data functional (UDF)is used for measuring the quality of the FCM algorithm. It shows that the ideal number of the clusters is the same as the brain tissues. The segmentation result of this method is better then other FCM-based methods in terms of noise reduction.
中文摘要
英文摘要
目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究動機
1.2 研究主旨
1.3 論文架構
第二章 文獻探討
2.1 磁振造影影像與組織特性
2.2 MRI影像分割常使用的方法
2.3 模糊群聚法於MRI影像分割的應用
第三章 研究方法
3.1 多解析度法
3.2 模糊c-means群聚分割
3.3 模糊群聚的效果評估
3.4 影像分割
第四章 結果
4.1 模擬影像
4.2 MRI影像
第五章 討論與結論
參考文獻
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