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研究生:蔡森源
研究生(外文):Tsai Sen-Yuan
論文名稱:層流預混甲烷火焰在冷卻壁面附近火焰結構之觀察
論文名稱(外文):Observation of the Structure of the Laminar Premixed CH4/Air Flame Near the Cold Walls
指導教授:王訓忠
指導教授(外文):Wong,Shwin-Chung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:動力機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:41
中文關鍵詞:層流火焰冷卻效應甲烷低溫壁
外文關鍵詞:Cold WallsLaminar Premixed CH4/Air Flame
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:166
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:20
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
摘要
本研究是建立一平面火焰爐實驗裝置,用以研究低溫壁面冷卻對層流預混甲烷/空氣火焰結構的影響。實驗方法在定性上,以可見光及schlieren光學觀察火焰在兩平行低溫側壁內的火焰結構。定量上則利用S-type熱電偶作溫度場量測。實驗中將低溫壁面溫度固定為390±10K,甲烷/空氣混合氣進口速度在室溫下固定為0.2m/s,進而改變燃氣當量比及平板間距。結果顯示,預混火焰在兩低溫壁間,會在schlieren影像中產生一類似邊界層區域。且兩低溫壁的間距為10mm時,此類似邊界層厚度較間距為15mm時為大。在兩壁間距為10mm下,Φ=1.0~0.8之間,在垂直低溫壁上段有二次火焰的存在。Φ=1.0~0.45時,沿著低溫壁面有拉伸火焰的產生,且當量比較小的火焰拉伸現象較為強烈。以上火焰拉伸強度,在兩壁間距較小時較為明顯。在Φ略小於0.45時,火焰會產生不穩定震盪而熄滅。當兩壁間距減為7mm時,火焰在點燃後,會迅速傳至爐面附近,並在發生聲響後快速熄滅。
參 考 文 獻
[1] Wichman,I.S.,and Bruneaux,G.,“Head-On Quenching of a Premixed Flame by a Cold Wall,”Combustion and Flame 103: 296-310 (1995).
[2] Kim,H.M.,Lee,S.R.,and Chung,S.H., “Numerical Study on the Structure and Extinction of Stretched Lean H2/Air Premixed Flames,” Transport Phenomena in Thermal Engineering,pp.643-647(1993).
[3] Westbrook,C.K.,“A Numerical Study of Laminar Wall Quenching,” Combustion and Flame 40:81-99 (1981).
[4] Vlachos,D.G.,Schmidt,L.D., and Aris,R., “Ignition and Extinction of Flames Near Surfaces: Combustion of H2 in Air,” Combustion and Flame 95:313-335(1993).
[5] Poinsot,T.J.,Haworth,D.C.,and Bruneaux,G.,“Direct Simulation and Modeling of Flame-Wall Interaction for Premixed Turbulent Combustion,” Combustion and Flame 95:118-132 (1993).
[6] Hackert,C.L.,Ellzey,J.L.,and Ezekoye,O.A.,“Effects of Thermal Boundary Conditions on Flame Shape and Quenching in Ducts,” Combustion and Flame 112:73-84(1998).
[7] Carrier,G.F.,Fendell,F.E.,andFeldman,P.S.,“Laminar Flame Propagation/Quench for a Parallel-Wall Duct,” Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1984, pp.67-74.
[8] Fairchild,P.W.,Fleeter,R.D.,and Fendell,F.E.,“Raman Spectroscopy Mwasurements of Flame Quenching in a Duct-Type Crevice,” Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1984, pp.85-90.
[9] Yan Z.,and Holmstedt G.“Three-dimensional Computation of Heat Transfer from Flame Between Vertical Parallel Walls,” Combustion and Flame 117:574-588(1999).
[10] Turns,S.R., “An Introduction to Combustion,” McGraw-Hill, Inc.1996.
[11] Ezekoye,O.,Greif,R.,and Sawyer,R.F., “Increased Surface Temperature Effects on Wall Heat Transfer during Unsteady Flame Quenching,” Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1992, pp. 1465-1472.
[12] Ezekoye,O.A., “Heat Transfer Modeling during Knock and Flame Quenching in an Engine Chamber,” Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1996, pp. 2661-2668.
[13] 胡耀仁 “The Quenching Effect of Cold Walls on Steady Laminar Premixed H2/O2 Flame,”國立清華大學動力機械工程學系碩士論文(2000).
[14] J.Andrae and P.Bjornbom “Numerical Studies of Wall Effects with Laminar Methane Flames” combustion and Flame 128:165-180(2002).
[15] Trevino,C.and Sen,M. Transient Phenomena in Boundary Layer Ignition With Finite Plate Thermal Resistance,Eighteenth Symposium(International) on Combusition,The Combustion Institute, p.1781.
[16] Law, C.K and Law, H.K.,Thermal-ignition Analysis in Boundary-Layer Flows. J. Fluid Mech.,92,97(1979).
[17] 趙令鈞”Igintion Analysis of Combustible Stagnation-Point Flow” 國立清華大學動力機械工程學系碩士論文(1999).
[18] Eckert E.R.G and Goldstein R.J “Measurements in Heat Transfer,” McGraw-Hill, Inc.1976.
[19] Egolfopoulos F.N.,Zhang H. and Zhang Z.”Wall Effect on the Propagation and Extinction of Steady, Strained, Laminar Premixed Flames” Combustion and Flame 109:237-252(1997).
[20] Kent, A.”A Noncatalytic Coating for Platinum-Rhodium Thermocouples” Combustion and Flame 14:279-282(1970).

目錄
圖表目錄 ii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 引言……………………………………………….1
1.2 文獻回顧………………………………………….2
1.3 研究目的………………………………………….6
第二章 實驗設備與方法 7
2.1 實驗設備………………………………………….7
2.2 實驗步驟………………………………………….10
第三章 結果與討論 11
3.1邊界層效應………………………………………..11
3.2當量比對冷卻效應的影響………………………..15
3.3 兩低溫壁間距對冷卻效應的影響……………….16
第四章 結論 17
參考文獻 19

參 考 文 獻
[1] Wichman,I.S.,and Bruneaux,G.,“Head-On Quenching of a Premixed Flame by a Cold Wall,”Combustion and Flame 103: 296-310 (1995).
[2] Kim,H.M.,Lee,S.R.,and Chung,S.H., “Numerical Study on the Structure and Extinction of Stretched Lean H2/Air Premixed Flames,” Transport Phenomena in Thermal Engineering,pp.643-647(1993).
[3] Westbrook,C.K.,“A Numerical Study of Laminar Wall Quenching,” Combustion and Flame 40:81-99 (1981).
[4] Vlachos,D.G.,Schmidt,L.D., and Aris,R., “Ignition and Extinction of Flames Near Surfaces: Combustion of H2 in Air,” Combustion and Flame 95:313-335(1993).
[5] Poinsot,T.J.,Haworth,D.C.,and Bruneaux,G.,“Direct Simulation and Modeling of Flame-Wall Interaction for Premixed Turbulent Combustion,” Combustion and Flame 95:118-132 (1993).
[6] Hackert,C.L.,Ellzey,J.L.,and Ezekoye,O.A.,“Effects of Thermal Boundary Conditions on Flame Shape and Quenching in Ducts,” Combustion and Flame 112:73-84(1998).
[7] Carrier,G.F.,Fendell,F.E.,andFeldman,P.S.,“Laminar Flame Propagation/Quench for a Parallel-Wall Duct,” Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1984, pp.67-74.
[8] Fairchild,P.W.,Fleeter,R.D.,and Fendell,F.E.,“Raman Spectroscopy Mwasurements of Flame Quenching in a Duct-Type Crevice,” Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1984, pp.85-90.
[9] Yan Z.,and Holmstedt G.“Three-dimensional Computation of Heat Transfer from Flame Between Vertical Parallel Walls,” Combustion and Flame 117:574-588(1999).
[10] Turns,S.R., “An Introduction to Combustion,” McGraw-Hill, Inc.1996.
[11] Ezekoye,O.,Greif,R.,and Sawyer,R.F., “Increased Surface Temperature Effects on Wall Heat Transfer during Unsteady Flame Quenching,” Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1992, pp. 1465-1472.
[12] Ezekoye,O.A., “Heat Transfer Modeling during Knock and Flame Quenching in an Engine Chamber,” Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1996, pp. 2661-2668.
[13] 胡耀仁 “The Quenching Effect of Cold Walls on Steady Laminar Premixed H2/O2 Flame,”國立清華大學動力機械工程學系碩士論文(2000).
[14] J.Andrae and P.Bjornbom “Numerical Studies of Wall Effects with Laminar Methane Flames” combustion and Flame 128:165-180(2002).
[15] Trevino,C.and Sen,M. Transient Phenomena in Boundary Layer Ignition With Finite Plate Thermal Resistance,Eighteenth Symposium(International) on Combusition,The Combustion Institute, p.1781.
[16] Law, C.K and Law, H.K.,Thermal-ignition Analysis in Boundary-Layer Flows. J. Fluid Mech.,92,97(1979).
[17] 趙令鈞”Igintion Analysis of Combustible Stagnation-Point Flow” 國立清華大學動力機械工程學系碩士論文(1999).
[18] Eckert E.R.G and Goldstein R.J “Measurements in Heat Transfer,” McGraw-Hill, Inc.1976.
[19] Egolfopoulos F.N.,Zhang H. and Zhang Z.”Wall Effect on the Propagation and Extinction of Steady, Strained, Laminar Premixed Flames” Combustion and Flame 109:237-252(1997).
[20] Kent, A.”A Noncatalytic Coating for Platinum-Rhodium Thermocouples” Combustion and Flame 14:279-282(1970).

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