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研究生:李偉任
研究生(外文):Wei-Jen Lee
論文名稱:具功率因數修正之電源供應器系統之建模分析與研究
指導教授:王培仁
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:動力機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:切換式電源供應器功率因數修正PSPICE
外文關鍵詞:Switching Mode Power SupplyPower Factor CorrectionPSPICE
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:248
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
切換式電源供應器具有高效率、體積小且重量輕的優點,便取代了傳統的線性電源供應器而成為電力電子系統中的主角,然而在切換開關高速的切換之下產生許多輸入電流漣波,這些漣波會使得電源供應器的功率因數下降,相對地具交流轉直流的電源供應器前端勢必得提供更多的能量來應付負載的需求。在電力能源開發遠不及負載消耗的今日,提高系統的功率因數是迫切需要的。世界各國也都積極地訂定法規規範,明確地規範各項功率因數的標準,而這些規範逐漸形成電源供應器製造商所必須遵守的格式。
在國內外的研究文獻中,提到很多改善系統功率因數過低的控制方法,同時許多功率積體電路公司已將所需的功率因數修正控制電路部分商品化,對於一般業者設計與成本的考量都可以明確地掌握。本論文以常見的功率因數修正電路,針對整體升壓轉換器電路做適當的設計,經由PSPICE軟體建立其電路模型並加以模擬與分析,以期可以驗證功率因數修正的效果,並確定建立電路模型的可行性,最後再對控制電路的設計方式完成整體評估。
Switching mode power supply (SMPS) has been dominant in the power supply systems such that it has replaced traditional linear power supplies in the past mainly because it has been known for high efficiency, small package, and low weight. However, high speed switching devices would produce high current ripples at input that deteriorate the power factor. Therefore, the improvement on the power factor of SMPS is prominent and important. Today, most countries in the world have enforced appropriate laws and standards for regulating the power factor of SMPS so that SMPS manufacturers would have to comply accordingly.
According to the literatures, there are some methods developed for improving the power factor of electrical systems. More recently, a handful of power IC manufacturers have designed power factor correction (PFC) circuits and made it into a commodity such that electronic engineers can master the design clearly. In this thesis, a most available PFC IC has been chosen for studying the operational principles and details. SPICE simulation program has been employed for establishing the circuit model and simulating the PFC functions. The simulated results of PFC circuits could be used for verifying the operational details. Finally, evaluations and conclusions are made for potential applications in the future.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌 謝 III
目 錄 IV
圖表目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究目的 7
1.4 研究步驟與方法 7
第二章 功率因數控制理論 12
2.1 功率因數簡介 12
2.2 功率因數修正 14
2.3 電流平均控制 18
2.4 迴授穩定設計 21
第三章 電路建模與分析 28
3.1 工具介紹 28
3.2 功率因數控制器 29
3.3 數據解析建模 32
3.4 回歸分析建模 36
3.5 PWM產生器建模分析 38
3.6 升壓轉換器建模分析 39
第四章 高功率因數電路模擬分析 64
4.1 電壓回授分析 64
4.2 電流回授分析 66
4.3 整體電路設計 68
4.4 整體測試 75
第五章 結論 91
參考文獻 93
附錄 UC3854資料手冊 96
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[4]賴世芳,「電源供應器之功率因數校正-供電效率與品質左右逢源(三)」,電工資訊,民國八十二年十二月。
[5]P. C. Todd,”Boost Power Factor Corrector Design With the UC3853”,Unitrode Applications Note U-159.
[6]P. C. Todd,”UC3854 Controlled Power Factor Correction Circuit Design”,Unitrode Applications Note U-134.
[7]“High Power Factor Preregulator”,Unitrode Applications Note.
[8]C. Adragna,”L6561, Enhanced Transition Mode Power Factor Corrector”,STMicroelectronics Applications Note AN966.
[9]C. Adragna,”Control Loop Modeling of L6561-Based TM PFC”,STMicroelectronics Applications Note AN1089.
[10]J. Sun, W.C. Wu and R.M. Bass, “Large Signal Characterization of Single-Phase PFC Circuits with Different Types of Current Control”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, pp.655-661, 1998.
[11]J. Rajagopalan, F. C. Lee and P. Nora, “A General Technique for Derivation of Average Current Mode Control Laws for Single-Phase Power-Factor-Correction Circuits Without Input Voltage Sensing”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 14, no. 4, pp.663-672, July 1999.
[12]P. J. Villegas, J. Sebastián, M. Hernando, F. Nuño and J. A. Martínez, “Average Current Mode Control of Series-Switching Post-Regulators Used in Power Factor Correctors”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 15, no. 5, pp.813-819, September 2000.
[13]R. Mammano, “Switching Power Supply Topology- Voltage Mode vs. Current Mode”, Unitrode Design Note DN-62.
[14]L. Dixon, “Average Current Mode Control of Switching Power Supplies”, Unitrode Applications Note U-140.
[15]Y. S. Jung, J. Y. Lee and M. J. Youn, “A New Small Signal Modeling of Average Current Mode Control”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, pp.1118-1124, 1998.
[16]G. K. Anderson and F. Blaabjerg, “Current Programmed Control of a Single Phase Two-Switch Buck-Boost Power Factor Correction Circuit”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, pp.350-356, 2001.
[17]K. C. Lee, H. S. Choi and B. H. Cho, “Power Factor Correction Converter Using Delay Control”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 15, no. 4, pp.626-633, July 2000.
[18]U. Z. Li, J. Zhang and F. C. Lee, “Study and Design Considerations of a Voltage-Source Single-Stage PFC Converter”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, pp.2283-2289, 2000.
[19]M. H. L. Chow, Y. S. Lee and C. K. Tse, “Single-Stage Single-Switch Isolated PFC Regulator with Unity Power Factor, Fast Transient Response, and Low-Voltage Stress”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 15, no. 1, pp.156-163, January 2000.
[20]H. Wei and I. Batarseh,”Novel Single-Switch Converter with Power Factor Correction”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 4, pp.1344-1353, October 1999.
[21]J. M. Bourgeois, “Circuits for Power Factor Correction with regard to Mains Filtering”, STMicroelectronics Applications Note AN510.
[22]周光祖,「功率因數的簡介與應用」,新電子期刊,民國八十六年十一月。
[23]R. B. Ridley, B. H. Cho and F. C. Y. Lee, “Analysis and Interpretation of Loop Gains of Multiloop-Controlled Switching Regulators”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 3, no. 4, pp.489-498, October 1988.
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