跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.140.84) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/15 03:22
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:劉玳縈
研究生(外文):Tai-Ying Liu
論文名稱:種類數預測之模擬研究
論文名稱(外文):Simulation Study on Species Prediction
指導教授:趙 蓮 菊
指導教授(外文):Anne Chao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:統計學研究所
學門:數學及統計學門
學類:統計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:44
中文關鍵詞:區塊抽樣貝塔-二項分配種類數預測
外文關鍵詞:quadrat samplingBeta-Binomial distributionSpecies Prediction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:375
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:38
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文主要探討在區塊抽樣(quadrat sampling)下,利用初次觀測樣本區塊中生物種類數的資訊來預測於未來再次觀測時將可以觀察到的新種類。在過去文獻中學者 Mingoti and Meeden (1992) 提出在貝塔-二項分配(Beta-Binomial distribution)假設下之預測估計量,但此估計量在非貝塔-二項分配假設下,表現不穩健,包括偏差大及變異大;在本文推導出類似Efron and Thisted (1976) 所提之預測估計量,可能為負值且變異大,本文另外提出一新的估計量較類似Efron and Thisted (1976) 所提之預測估計量來的佳,在貝塔-二項分配假設下,雖不如Mingoti and Meeden (1992) 提出之預測估計量,但在非貝塔-二項分配假設下,有較佳的表現。
在第二章回顧種類數預測估計量以及在第三章介紹各個種類數預測估計量,共七個種類數預測估計量。並且以兩種不同的初次觀測樣本區塊、三種不同的欲再觀測之樣本區塊,以及十種生物種類被觀測到機率,組合成六十種不同的模擬條件來進行模擬研究並針對模擬的結果,分析各個種類數預測估計量的表現,最後並列有兩則實例的探討。

第一章 緒論 1
第二章 模式簡介與回顧 3
2.1 符號說明……………………………………………….3
2.2 模式簡介……………………………………………….4
2.3 種類數預測文獻回顧………………………………….5
2.4 種類數文獻回顧……………………………………….7
第三章 種類數預測的各種估計量 10
3.1 近似不偏估計量 …………………………………….10
3.2 新的估計量…………………………………………...11
3.3 估計漸近標準差及信賴區間………………………...16
第四章 模擬研究與分析 18
4.1 模擬條件……………………………………………...18
4.2 模擬結果與討論……………………………………...21
第五章 實例分析 23
附錄 28
表錄 33
參考文獻 43

Ashbridge, J. and Goudie, I.B.J. (2000). Coverage-Adjusted Estimators for Mark-Recapture in Heterogeneous Populations. Communications in Statistics-Simulation and Computation 29, 1215-1238.
Bunge, J. and Fitzpatrick M. (1993). Estimating the Number of Species: a Review Journal of the American Statistical Association 88, 364-373.
Chao, A. (1987). Estimating the Population Size for Capture-Recapture Data with Unequal Catchability. Biometrics 43, 783-791.
Chao , A. (1989). Estimating Population Size for Sparse Data in Capture-Recapture Experiments. Biometrics 45, 427-438.
Chao, A. and Lee, S.M. (1992). Estimating the Number of Classes via Sample Coverage. Journal of the American Statistical Association 87, 210-217.
Chao, A., Lee, S.M. and Jeng S.L. (1992). Estimating Population Size for Capture Probabilities Vary by Time and Individual Animal. Biometrics 48, 201-216.
Chao, A., Ma, M.C. and Yang, M.C.K. (1993). Stopping Rule and Estimation forRecapture Debugging with Unegual Detection Rates. Biometrika 80, 193-201.
Chao, A., Shen, T.J. and Lin, J.F. (2002). Predicting the Number of New Species in Further Taxonomic Sampling. To appear in Ecology.
Darroch , J.N. (1958). The Multiple Recapture Census I:Estimation of A Closed Population. Biometrika 45, 343-359.
Diserud O.H. and Odegaard F. (2000). The Beta-Binomial Model for Host Specificity among Organisms in Trophic Interactions. Biometrics 56, 855-861.
Efron, B. and Thisted, R. (1976). Estimating the Number of Unseen Species: How Many Words did Shakespeare Know? Biometrika 63, 435-447.
Fienberg, S.E. (1972). The Multiple Recapture Censes for Closed Populations and Incomplete 2k Contingency Tables. Biometrika 59, 591-603.
Futuyma, D.J. and Gould, F. (1979). Associations of Plants and Insects in Deciduous Forest. Ecological Monographs 49, 33-50.
Good, I.J. (1953). The Population Frequencies of Species and the Estimation of Population Parameters. Biometrika 40, 237-264.
Harris, B. (1968). Statistical Inference in the Classical Occupany Problem Unbiased Estimation of the Number of Classes. Journal of the American Statistical Association 63, 837-847.
Lee, S.M. and Chao, A. (1994). Estimating Population Size via Sample Coverage for Closed Capture-Recapture Models. Biometrics 50, 88-97.
Mingoti, S.A. and Meeden, G. (1992). Estimating the Total Number of Distinct Species Using Presence and Absence Data. Biometrics 48, 863-875.
Sanathanan, L. (1972). Estimating the Size of a Multinomial Population. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics 43, 142-152.
Sanathanan, L. (1977). Estimating the Size of a Truncated Sample. Journal of the American Statistical Association 72, 669-672.
Shen T.J. (2002). Species Prediction and Diversity Estimation. Technical Report, National Tsing Hau University.
Solow, A.R. and Polasky, S. (1999). A Quick Estimation for Taxonomic Survey.Ecology 80, 2799-2803.
Steadman, D.W., White J.P., and Allen J. (1999). Prehistoric Birds from New Ireland, Papua New Guinea: Extinctions on a Large Melanesian Island. Proceedings of the National Academy Sciences of the USA 96, 2563-2568.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top