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研究生:簡聖峰
論文名稱:錯誤更正碼的妥善性分析與最佳調適機制
論文名稱(外文):Adaptive Erasure Codes: Efficiency Analyses and Effective Applications
指導教授:許奮輝
指導教授(外文):Fenn-Huei Simon Sheu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:51
中文關鍵詞:錯誤更正碼更正碼編碼速率傳輸協定
外文關鍵詞:FECerasure codecode ratetransport protocolns-2
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:267
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  • 下載下載:27
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
網路頻寬是珍貴的資源,使用者的需求總是超出既有的頻寬,網路擁塞因此而不斷地在現今的網路上發生。網路擁塞會造成網路封包的遺失,因此,如何確保資料流能夠在網路上完整地傳送資訊,這對於傳輸通訊協定的設計來說,是一項困難的挑戰。雖然重傳的方法能夠準確有效率地重新傳遞遺失的封包,卻需要花費許多週期才能完成。而錯誤更正的方法,預先送出多個多餘的封包,來避免網路發生擁塞時封包的遺失,但卻也可能因此浪費許多珍貴的頻寬。本篇論文提出了一個構想,透過數學機率的分析,找出在各種網路擁塞狀況下,最合適的錯誤更正碼比例,因此而能夠改善網路的傳輸效率。我們並利用此構想設計了一個以效率為導向的錯誤更正碼通訊協定,模擬的實驗其數據也驗正了,在相同的網路擁塞狀態下,此通訊協定的效率能趨近重傳方法的高效率,並以較少的週期來完成資訊的傳遞。此一通訊協定在效率與時間內取得了一個最佳的平衡。此外,我們也設計了一套多媒體串流系統的原型,能在網際網路上有效率地傳遞多媒體資訊。我們將在其後討論相關的設計細節與如何應用高效率的錯誤更正碼調適機制於此原型之中。

Occasional network congestions on the modern networks induce irksome packets dropping. This effect seriously challenges the protocol designs to preserve the integrity of information flows. While ARQ-variants precisely specify the exact data for retransmission, FEC-based schemes rectify the packet loss beforehand. They suffer either elongated correction time or excessive bandwidth consumption for delivery of supportive packets. This thesis presents an idea from analytical evidences to improve the amount of data applicable to the receiver for every unit of data sent from the sender. Consequently, the derived transport protocol can achieve the superior efficiency close to ARQ-variants and offer punctual data correction capability like FEC-based approaches. The performance results from experimental investigations concretely substantiate this favorable feature. We also present our prototype of media streaming system to demonstrate efficient delivery of multimedia content over the Internet. The incorporation of the adaptive erasure codes into the prototype and the corresponding design considerations are discussed in the end.

CONTENTS iv
LIST OF FIGURES vi
LIST OF TABLES vii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Analysis of Delivery Efficiency 4
2.1 The number of lost packets 4
2.2 The Decodable Probability of (n, k) Erasure Code 5
2.3 The Efficiency of (n, k) Erasure Coded Blocks 7
2.4 The Effect of Network Status and Block Size 9
2.5 rn,p* Estimation 13
2.5.1 r* Table 13
2.5.2 Approximating to r* 13
Chapter 3 Transport Protocol 16
3.1 Sender Side 16
3.1.1 Bursts 16
3.1.2 Feedback 17
3.2 Receiver Side 19
3.3 Flow Control 20
Chapter 4 Performence Study 21
4.1 Simulation Environment 21
4.2 Measurement 22
4.3 Constant Sending-rate, without Retransmission. 23
4.4 Constant Sending-rate, with Retransmission. 25
4.5 Flow Controlled Sending-rate 27
Chapter 5 Prototyping On-Demand Media Streaming Systems 32
5.1 Introduction 32
5.2 Framework and System Components 34
5.2.1 Sender 34
5.2.2 Receiver 36
5.2.3 Central Controller 38
5.3 Features 39
Chapter 6 Concluding Remark and Future Works 45
Bibliography 47

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