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研究生:郭金瑛
論文名稱:一個給廣播式網路資料傳送的方法
論文名稱(外文):A Receiver-Driven Channel Adjustment Scheme for Periodic Broadcast
指導教授:王家祥
指導教授(外文):Jia-Shung Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:廣播式傳輸
外文關鍵詞:Periodic Broadcast
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:258
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  • 下載下載:10
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著科技不斷的進步, 在網路多媒體影片傳送服務的串流技術上, 有許多不同的傳送方法. 最傳統的方法是以點對點的方式傳送, 不僅沒有效率, 而且使用者的等待時間很長. 此外, 還有許多廣播式的傳送方法被提出來. 他們能有效的降低使用者等待時間, 但是相對的, 使用者所需要的影片預存空間很大, 最多須將50%的影片存在使用者的硬碟中, 造成使用者的影體設備上相當大的負擔. 因此, 我們在這篇論文中提出了一個有效率的方法叫做 “Dynamic Periodic Broadcast Method”. 在這方法中, 我們根據使用者多寡來決定影片傳送的頻寬. 因此, 對於熱門的影片, 就分配較多的網路頻寬來傳送以減低多數使用者的等待時間. 相對的, 如果影片較不熱門, 我們就用少量的頻寬來傳送, 以免造成網路頻寬的浪費. 此外, 在減低使用者等待時間的同時, 我們還降低了使用者的影片預存空間. 除此之外, 為了考量每個使用者的網路狀況的不同, 我們希望能將Receiver-Driven Bandwidth Adaptation的概念應用在Dynamic Periodic Broadcast方法上. 所謂Receiver-Driven Bandwidth Adaptation的概念就是根據每個使用者的網路狀況, 以不同的傳送速率傳送影片資料. 因此, 對於擁有較多頻寬的使用者, 他們的等待時間較短; 相反的, 對於頻寬較少的使用者, 他們的等待時間就必須比較久了. 透過這個概念, 我們就能讓所有使用者都能順利的觀看影片, 不會因為網路狀況的不同而造成資料流失而導致影片欣賞斷斷續續的狀況發生. 因此, 在這篇論文中, 我們還提出了一個方法 “Channel Adjustment”, 利用Channel Adjustment 方法將 “Receiver-Driven Bandwidth Adaptation”的概念應用在我們的Dynamic Periodic Broadcast方法上.

Today modern multimedia delivery services usually distribute their contents by means of the streaming technology. In conventional platform, the point-to-point delivery model is adopted but also known as less efficient. To extent scalability, some services apply periodic broadcast to provide an efficient platform that is independent of the number of clients. Fast Broadcasting, Staircase Broadcasting, Harmonic Broadcasting and Skyscraper Broadcasting are some novel schemes in this subject. For a popular video, these periodic broadcast services can significantly improve viewer initial delay by distributing cyclic video segments through multiple channels. However, the requirement of a large amount of client buffers is a major drawback of them. Additionally, video segments are broadcasted periodically by a per-determined schedule. If the prediction of the popularity of a video is incorrect, some bandwidth will be wasted. Moreover, period broadcasting also should not be adequate to carry out on heterogeneous networks. In this thesis, we propose a novel dynamic periodic broadcasting scheme that gets the benefit of less buffer usage and flexibility for bandwidth adaptation. That is, to prevent unnecessary bandwidth wasted, only requisite video segments will be transmitted. We also integrate a receiver-driven bandwidth adaptation strategy on our dynamic periodic broadcasting scheme to fit the channel bandwidth of each client. We then design our channel adjustment scheme. Instead of using a fixed number of channels to serve all clients, we can adjust the transmission rate as well as the required channel number owing to the available bandwidth on the path from the server to the client. Our experimental results show that this dynamic scheme can perform well in heterogeneous networks.

TABLE OF CONTENTS I
LIST OF FIGURES IV
LIST OF TABLES V
ABSTRACT VI
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
CHAPTER 2 RELATED WORKS AND MOTIVATION 4
2.1. FAST BROADCASTING 4
2.2 STAIRCASE BROADCASTING 5
2.3 HARMONIC BROADCASTING 7
2.4 SKYSCRAPER BROADCASTING 8
2.5 THE MOTIVATION OF OUR STUDY 9
CHAPTER 3 RECEIVER-DRIVEN BANDWIDTH ADAPTATION SCHEME ..11
3.1 INTRODUCTION 11
3.2 OUR APPROACH 14
CHAPTER 4 DYNAMIC PERIODIC BROADCASTING 16
4.1 THE CONCEPT 16
4.2 DYNAMIC PERIODIC BROADCASTING SCHEDULE AND THE ALGORITHM 19
4.2.1Notations and Parameters 19
4.2.2 Dynamic Periodic Broadcasting Algorithm 21
4.3 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 24
CHAPTER 5 CHANNEL ADJUSTMENT 26
5.1 THE CONCEPT 26
5.2 CHANNEL ADJUSTMENT SCHEME 28
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORKS 32
REFERENCE 33

[1] L.-S. Juhn and L.-M. Tseng, “Fast broadcasting for hot video access,” Real-Time Computing Syst. Applicat., pp. 237— 243, Oct 1997.
[2] L.-S. Juhn and L.-M. Tseng, “Staircase data broadcasting and receiving scheme for hot video service,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 1110-1117, Nov. 1997.
[3] L.-S. Juhn and L.-M. Tseng, “Harmonic broadcasting for video-on-demand service,” IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol. 43, pp. 268—271, Sept. 1997.
[4] K. A. Hua and S. Sheu, “Skyscraper broadcasting: A new broadcasting scheme for metropolitan video-on-demand,” ACM SIGCOMM, Sept. 1997.
[5] S. McCanne, V. Jacobson, and M. Vetterli, ”Receiver-driven Layered Multicast,” Proceeding of ACM SIGCOMM ’96, Aug. 1996.
[6] M. Kawada, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, “Cooperative inter-stream rate control scheme for layered multicast,” Applications and the Internet, Proceedings, pp. 147 —154, Symposium on, 2001.
[7] C. C. Aggarwal, J. L. Wolf, and P. S. Yu, “A permutation-based pyramid broadcasting scheme for video-on-demand systems,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Multimedia Computing and Systems, pp. 118—126, June 1996.
[8] S. Viswanathan and T. Imielinski, "Metropolitan area video-on-demand service using pyramid broadcasting," Multimedia Systems, vol. 4(4), pp. 197-208, August 1996.
[9] L.-S. Juhn and L.-M. Tseng, “Enhanced harmonic data broadcasting and receiving scheme for popular video service,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 343-346, May 1998.
[10] L.-S. Juhn and L.-M. Tseng, “Adaptive fast data broadcasting scheme for video-on-demand service,” IEEE Trans. Broadcasting, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 182-185, June 1998.

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