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研究生:高潘寅
研究生(外文):Pan-Pin Kuo
論文名稱:利用HausdorffDistance函數的影像擷取法
論文名稱(外文):Image Retrieval with the Hausdorff Distance Function
指導教授:張隆紋張隆紋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Long-Wen Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:22
中文關鍵詞:影像擷取hausdorff distance灰階歐幾里得距離梯度
外文關鍵詞:image retrievalhausdorff distancegraylevelEuclidean distancegradient
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:427
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:64
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
隨著科技的進步, 人們紀錄生活從文字敘述慢慢變成以影像來記錄, 所以影像資料成長速度非常快速, 因為這個原因, 如何管理影像資料庫及如何從這龐大資料中快速且正確地找出我們所要的影像, 確實成為一個值得我們深入探討研究的課題. 現今影像檢索的方法通常分為兩個步驟: 第一, 先對資料庫中的影像進行分析, 以所謂的特徵值來代表影像. 第二, 將查詢的影像資料以相同的方法去分析取得代表的特徵向量, 對資料庫中的影像特徵值比對, 以獲得相似的影像.
我們提出的方法, 使用影像的邊界形狀用三種不同的特徵值來對影像作取回的動作. 首先我們對查詢影像作邊界偵測, 紀錄所需要使用的特徵值, 在我們比對的方法, 使用到一個比較點集的差異性來作為兩者形狀的差異的方法, 當一個點對應到另一個點找到最小差值時, 下一個點的對應方法有兩種: 第一, 我們在比對第二個點時, 並不排除前一次比對到的點, 所以有可能會多點對到同一個點. 第二, 我們將第一次對到的點再下一個點對應時拿走, 這養子可以保證我們每一個點都對應到不同點, 但是當兩邊點數不相同時, 就會發生有對應不到點的情形發生, 所以得到的懲罰值會變很大.
我們使用三種不同特徵值及兩種不同計算方法, 去做這一個實驗. 現在我們可以正確且快速的去取回所查詢的影像, 接下來改進的方法要去提高飛查詢影像的相似性, 或者結合其他方法來提高搜尋正確性.

Recently, the management of the database becomes more important. And it needs to find a method to search the queried image fast and correctly. Image database are usually implemented in two steps. First, we analyze the images in the database offline using some visual content attributes, and store the features to represent the image. Then, we apply the same analysis to the query image to compare the features to find out the similar or correct image. In the image retrieval method, there are many content attributes are adopted to measure the similarity between two images. In our method, we use the Sobel edge detection and proper threshold to detect the image to find out the image shape. Then, we use Hausdorff distance to compute the dissimilarity. We apply three measures to compute Hausdorff distance. First, we use gray level values to be the distance measure due to simple. Second, we use Euclidean distance. This measure can catch the exactly matching pixel location. The last one, we use the gradient of the image as the distance measure. This supports more information to be the comparison features; it can get the better query results.

Contents
Abstract
Acknowledgements
List of Figures
1. Introduction 1
2. Related works 3
Image smoothing 3
Sobel edge detector 4
Hausdorff distance 6
The proposed measures 8
3. The proposed algorithm 9
4. Experimental result 13
5. Conclusion 20
References 21

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