跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.172.223.251) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/11 22:23
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林保全
研究生(外文):Pao-Chuan Lin
論文名稱:新型柔性切換三相昇壓型主動功因修正器
論文名稱(外文):A Novel Soft Switching Three Phase Boost Power Factor Corrector
指導教授:潘晴財
指導教授(外文):Prof. Ching-Tsai Pan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:三相功因修正器柔性切換不連續脈寬調變
外文關鍵詞:three phasepower factor correctorsoft switchingDPWM
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:254
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著電力電子技術的進步與世界各國對於電力品質要求愈趨嚴格,單相功因校正器在產品應用已相當廣泛。而三相大功率之應用常利用閘流體之導通相角來控制輸出功率,以致於電流諧波量相當大,往往造成輸配線、變壓器、發電機組發熱,甚至影響電力系統之穩定。可預期的,三相功因校正器在三相系統之應用亦將愈來愈普遍。然而由於三相系統功率較大,相對的功率開關元件導通與截止時產生的切換雜訊與功率元件遭受之電氣應力及損失亦較大。因此本論文主要目的即在針對目前最普遍採用之三相昇壓型主動功因修正器,提出一新型柔性切換脈寬調變(PWM)策略。
基本上本論文的主要貢獻可分為下列數點。首先,本論文提出一不連續脈寬調變策略使得該主動功因校正器在任何時刻,均只需調控二個主動開關元件以調控三相線電流,俾獲得近似弦波波形與近乎單位功因。如此可以大大地減少主動開關元件之切換次數與切換損失。其次,並採用文獻上應用於單相之柔性切換電路,將其擴展到本論文之三相昇壓型主動功因校正器。文中並詳細分析有關新系統之柔性切換工作原理。第三,經由前述結果分析歸納出一簡單的責任週期方程式,可以很方便地配合前述不連續脈寬調變策略,同時兼可省略掉使用三相輸入電流感測器,簡化系統硬體電路。最後,並搭配使用數位信號處理器完成硬體雛型,以驗證新型柔性切換策略之效果。
In parallel with the progress of power electronics technology and the more strict requirement of power quality, single-phase power factor correctors have been widely used in various products. Hence, one can expect that application of three-phase systems will become more and more popular as well. However, due to the higher power rating, the resulting switching noise, loss and electrical stress of the power devices resulting from turning on and off of the active devices will also become much larger. Therefore, it is the main purpose of this thesis to propose a novel soft switching pulse-width-modulation(PWM) strategy for a popularly used three-phase boost power factor corrector(PFC).
Basically, major contributions of this thesis may be summarized as follows. First, a discontinuous PWM(DPWM) strategy is proposed for the adopted three phase boost PFC such that for any time only two active switches are switched ON/OFF to control the three-phase line currents to track the ideal sinusoidal currents and achieve unity power factor. As a result, the switching number and the switching loss of the PFC can be greatly reduced. Second, an existing single-phase soft switching subcircuit is applied to the three-phase boost PFC of this thesis to extend its application. Detailed soft switching mechanism in the three-phase case is analyzed in the context. Third, from previous analyses, a very simple duty ratio control formula is proposed for matching the proposed soft switching DPWM strategy. It turns out that with this analytical duty ratio law, current sensors of the AC side line currents can be omitted and the hardware system can be simplified. Finally, a hardware prototype system is constructed by using a DSP, namely TMS320F240, to verify the effectiveness of the novel soft switching strategy.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2文獻回顧 2
1.3本論文之貢獻 4
1.4論文架構 4
第二章 三相主動功因修正器之基本架構及工作原理 6
2.1前言 6
2.2三相主動功因修正器之基本架構及工作原理 7
2.3基本柔性切換三相主動功因修正器
之結構與原理簡介 12
第三章 新型柔性切換三相昇壓型主動功因修正器 30
3.1前言 30
3.2所採用三相主動功因修正器之PWM策略 30
3.3新型柔性切換電路之架構與操作模式分析 38
3.3.1 P0組態轉換至P1組態過程 38
3.3.2 P1組態轉換至P2組態過程 52
3.3.3 P2組態轉換至P0組態過程 58
3.4模擬結果 61
第四章 實體製作與實測結果 71
4.1前言 71
4.2硬體電路與實現 71
4.3實測結果與討論 79
第五章 結論 89
參考文獻 91
附錄一 可程式邏輯規劃程式 100
[1] Prasad A.R., Ziogas P.D., Manias S., “An active power factor correction technique for three-phase diode rectifiers,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 6 Issue: 1, Jan., Page(s): 83 —92, 1991.
[2] Ismail E., Erickson R.W., “A single transistor three phase resonant switch for high quality rectification,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''92, vol. 2, Page(s): 1341 —1351, 1992.
[3] Fuld B., Kern S., Ridley R., “A combined buck and boost power-factor-controller for three-phase input,” Fifth European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, vol. 7, Page(s): 144 —148, 1993.
[4] Nishida Y., “A new simple topology for three-phase buck-mode PFC rectifier,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC ''96, vol. 2, Page(s): 531 —537, 1996.
[5] Hirachi K., Nishimura K., Kurokawa M., Nakaoka M., “An improved circuit configuration of three-phase PFC converter,” International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, vol. 2, Page(s): 596 —604, 1997.
[6] Mwinyiwiwa B.M.M., Birks P.M., Ooi B.-T., “Delta -modulated buck-type PWM converter,” IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, vol. 28, Issue: 3, May-June, Page(s): 552 —557, 1992.
[7] Kolar J.W., Zach F.C., “Direct three-phase single-stage flyback-type power factor corrector,” Electronics Letters, vol. 34, Issue: No. 12, June, Page(s): 1177, 1998.
[8] Simonetti D.S.L., Sebastian J., Uceda J., “Single-switch three phase power factor pre-regulator under variable switching frequency and discontinuous input current,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''93, Page(s): 657 —662, 1993.
[9] Hirachi K., Nishimura K., Kurokawa M., Nakaoka M., “An improved circuit configuration of three-phase PFC converter,” International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, vol. 2, Page(s): 596 —604, 1997.
[10] Nishida Y., Ohgoe Y., Nakaoka M., Maeda A., “A simple three-phase boost-mode PFC rectifier,” IEEE Industry Applications Conference, IAS ''96, vol. 2, Page(s): 1056 —1061, 1996.
[11] D.M. Xu, C. Yang, J.H. Kong, Zhaoming Qian, “Quasi soft-switching partly decoupled three-phase PFC with approximate unity power factor,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition Conference Proceedings APEC ''98, vol. 2, Page(s): 953 —957, 1998.
[12] Konishi Y., Y.L. Feng, Nakaoka M., “Current-source three phase high-power PFC converter with optimum PWM strategy,” International Conference on Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, Page(s): 292 —298, 1998.
[13] Y.L. Feng, Konishi Y., Nakaoka M., “Deadbeat control scheme for three phase current-fed PFC converter with an optimum PWM strategy,” IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, PEDS ''99, vol. 1, Page(s): 485 —488, 1999.
[14] Konishi Y., Nakaoka M., “Current-fed three-phase converter with optimum PWM scheme and its practical input line filter design,” IEE Proceedings of Electric Power Applications, vol. 145 Issue: 6, Nov., Page(s): 535 — 543, 1998.
[15] Longchun Chen, Blaabjerg F., Frederiksen P.S., “An improved predictive control for three-phase PWM AC/DC converter with low sampling frequency,” Conference on Industrial Electronics Control and Instrumentation, IECON ''94, vol. 1, Page(s): 399 — 404, 1994.
[16] Tenti P., Zuccato A., Rossetto L., Bortolotto M., “Optimum digital control of PWM rectifiers,” Conference on Industrial Electronics Control and Instrumentation, IECON ''94, 20th, vol. 1, Page(s): 382 — 387, 1994.
[17] B.S. Lee, Jaehong Hahn, Enjeti P.N., Pitel I.J., “A robust three-phase active power-factor-correction and harmonic reduction scheme for high power,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 46 Issue: 3, June, Page(s): 483 —494, 1999.
[18] Nishida Y., Nakaoka M., “High-performance single-phase and three-phase PFC converters using new pulse integral value-related modulation scheme and its practical evaluations,” Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, vol. 1, Page(s): 29 —35, 1997.
[19] R. Zhang, F.C. Lee, “Optimum PWM pattern for a three-phase boost DCM PFC rectifier,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition Conference, APEC ''97, vol. 2, Page(s): 895 —901, 1997.
[20] Hiti S., Borojevic D., Ambatipudi R., Zhang R., Yimin Jiang, “Average current control of three-phase PWM boost rectifier,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''95, vol. 1, Page(s): 131 —137, 1995.
[21] Schenk K., C''uk S., “A simple three-phase power factor corrector with improved harmonic distortion,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''97, vol. 1, Page(s): 399 —405, 1997.
[22] Kun Xing, F.C. Lee, Borojevic D., Zhihong Ye, Mazumder S., “Interleaved PWM with discontinuous space-vector modulation,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol.14 Issue: 5, Sept., Page(s): 906 —917, 1999.
[23] Bor-Ren Lin, Deng-Ping Wu, Tian-Fure Shiue, “Three-phase PFC with space vector and hysteresis control methods,” International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, vol. 1, Page(s): 48 —52, 1997.
[24] Rong-Jie Tu, Chern-Lin Chen, “A new three-phase space -vector-modulated power factor corrector,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC ''94, Page(s): 725 —730, 1994.
[25] Hengchun Mao, C.Y. Lee, Boroyevich D., Hiti S., “ Review of high-performance three-phase power-factor correction circuits,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 44 Issue: 4, Aug., Page(s): 437 —446, 1997.
[26] Simonetti D.S.L., Sebastian J., Uceda J., “Single-switch three-phase power factor preregulator under variable switching frequency and discontinuous input current,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''93, Page(s): 657 —662, 1993.
[27] G. Hua, Eric X. Yang, Yimin Jiang,e F.C. Le, “Novel zero current transition PWM converters,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 9, No. 6, Nov., 1994.
[28] Keming Chen, Ahmed Elasser, David A., Torrey, “A soft switching active snubber optimized for IGBTs in single switch unity power factor three-phase diode rectifiers,” APEC ''94, vol. 1, Page(s): 280 -286, 1994.
[29] G. Hua, C.S. Leu, F.C. Lee, “Novel zero-voltage-transition PWM converters,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''92, vol. 1, Page(s): 55 -61, 1992.
[30] Streit R., Tollik D., “High efficiency telecom rectifier using a novel soft switched boost-based input current shaper,” Telecommunications Energy Conference, INTELEC ''91, Page(s): 720 -726, 1991.
[31] Yungtaek Jang, Erickson R.W., “New single-switch three -phase high-power-factor rectifiers using multiresonant zero-current switching,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 13, Issue: 1, Jan., Page(s): 194 —201, 1998.
[32] Hiraki E., Yoshida M., Nakaoka M., Horiuchi T., Sugawara Y., “Auxiliary active quasi-resonant commutation block snubber -assisted voltage source three phase soft switching PFC rectifier,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''01, vol. 3, Page(s): 1647 —1652, 2001.
[33] Yoshida M., Yamamoto M., Hiraki E., Chandhaket S., Nakaoka M., “Active resonant leg-link snubber-assisted three phase soft commutation PFC converter and its practical evaluations,” Industrial Electronics Society Conference, IECON 26th, vol. 4, Page(s): 2660 —2665, 2000.
[34] D.F. Weng, Yuvarajan S., “Resonant-boost-input three-phase power factor corrector,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol.14, Issue: 6, Nov., Page(s): 1149 —1155, 1999.
[35] D.F. Weng, Yuvarajan S., “Resonant-boost-input three phase power factor corrector with a low current stress on switches,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC ''99, vol. 2, Page(s): 916 —920, 1999.
[36] In-Hwan Oh, Dae-Sik Lee, “A single-switched PWM resonant converter for a three-phase boost rectifier,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''99, vol. 2, Page(s): 676 —680, 1999.
[37] J. Wu, H. Dai, K. Xing, F.C. Lee, Boroyevich D., “Implementation of a ZCT soft switching technique in a 100 kW PEBB based three-phase PFC rectifier,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''99, vol. 2, Page(s): 647 -652, 1999.
[38] Yamamoto M., Hattori S., Hiraki E., Nakaoka M., Horiuchi T., Sugawara Y., “Three phase voltage-fed space vector modulated soft-switching PFC rectifier with instantaneous power feedback scheme,” International Conference on Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, Page(s): 92 —98, 1998.
[39] Taniguchi K., Morizane T., Kimura N., Irie H., Hirachi K., “High-performance soft-switched three-phase converter with sinusoidal input current and unity power factor,” Applied Power Electronics and Exposition Conference APEC ''97, vol. 27, Page(s): 672 -678, 1997.
[40] Pietkiewicz A., Tollik D., “Snubber circuit and MOSFET paralleling considerations for high power boost-based power-factor correctors,” Telecommunications Energy Conference, INTELEC ''95, Page(s): 41 —45, 1995.
[41] Vlatkovic V., Borojevic D., F.C. Lee, “Soft-transition three-phase PWM conversion technology,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''94, vol. 1, Page(s): 79 -84, 1994.
[42] Gataric S., Boroyevich D., F.C. Lee, “Soft-switched single-switch three-phase rectifier with power factor correction,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC ''94, vol. 2, Page(s): 738 —744, 1994.
[43] Yimin J., Hengchun M., F.C. Lee, Boroyevic D., “Simple high performance three-phase boost rectifiers,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''94, Page(s): 1158 —1163, 1994.
[44] C. T. Pan, J. J. Shieh, “A family of closed-form duty cycle control laws for three-phase boost AC/DC converter,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 45 Issue: 4, Aug., Page(s): 530 —543, 1998.
[45] Mazumder S., Nayfeh A.H., Borojevic D., “New sensorless control of three-phase bi-directional converter using space-vector modulation,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''99, vol. 2, Page(s): 783 —788, 1999.
[46] Ghijselen J.A.L., Van den Bossche A.P.M., Melkebeek J.A.A., “Dynamic control of a fixed pattern rectifier,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''99, vol. 2, Page(s): 771 -776, 1999.
[47] Spiazzi G., F.C. Lee, “Implementation of single-phase boost power factor correction circuits in three-phase applications,” International Conference on Industrial Electronics Control and Instrumentation, IECON ''94, vol. 1, Page(s): 250 -255, 1994.
[48] Chunkag V., Robinson F.V.P., “Interleaved switching topology for three-phase power-factor correction,” Conference on Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, Page(s): 280 —285, 1994.
[49] Y.K.E. Ho, S.Y.R. Hui, Y.S. Lee, “Characterization of single stage 3 phase power factor correction circuit using modular single phase PWM DC-to-DC converters,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''99, vol. 2, Page(s): 704 —708, 1999.
[50] Jaehong Hahn, Prasad N. Enjeti, Ira J. Pitel, “A new three -phase power factor correction(PFC) scheme using two single-phase PFC modules,” IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, vol. 38, Issue: 1, Jan.-Feb., Page(s): 123 —130, 2002.
[51] Robinson F.V.P., Chunkag V., “Parallel connection of single-switch three-phase power-factor correction converters for interleaved switching,” IEE Proceedings on Electric Power Applications, vol. 144, Issue: 6, Nov., Page(s): 423 —433, 1997.
[52] K. Xing, Mazumder S., Ye Z., F.C. Lee, Borojevic D., “The circulating current in paralleled three-phase boost PFC rectifiers,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''98, vol. 1, Page(s): 783 —789, 1998.
[53] Barbosa P., Canales F., F.C. Lee, “Analysis and evaluation of the two-switch three-level boost rectifier,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''01, vol. 3, Page(s): 1659 —1664, 2001.
[54] Tognolini M., Rufer A.-Ch., “DSP based control for a symmetrical three-phase two-switch PFC,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''96, vol. 3, Page(s): 1588 —1594, 1996.
[55] S.L Jung, H.S. Huang, Y.Y. Tzou, “A Three Phase PWM AC-DC Converter with Low Switching Frequency and High Power and High Power Factor Using DSP-Based Repetitive Control Technique,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC ''98, vol. 1, Page(s): 517 —523, 1998.
[56] Al-Ali A.R., Negm M.M., Kassas M., “A PLC based power factor controller for a 3-phase induction motor,” Industry Applications Conference, vol. 2, Page(s): 1065 -1072, 2000.
[57] Thandi G.S., R. Zhang, K. Xing, F.C. Lee, Boroyevich D., “Modeling, control and stability analysis of a PEBB based DC DPS,” IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, vol. 14, Issue: 2, April, Page(s): 497 —505, 1999.
[58] Ulhaq S.M., Hiraki E., Nakaoka M., Takano H., “Object-oriented simulation of DSP controlled three phase active PFC converter,” Conference on Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, Page(s): 28 —33, 1998.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top