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研究生:林怡君
研究生(外文):Jane Yi-Chun Lin
論文名稱:台灣華語介音歸屬的實驗研究
論文名稱(外文):An Experimental Study on the Classification of Prevocalic Glides in Taiwan Mandarin
指導教授:王旭王旭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsu Samuel Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:語言學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:介音音節縮減語言遊戲先尋反應時間
外文關鍵詞:prevocalic glidesyllable contractionword gameprimingresponse timeRT
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長久以來,介音在音韻上的歸屬一直是個備受爭議的話題。依照傳統聲韻學的看法,介音應視為韻母的一部分(Cheng 1973; Lin 1989)。然而,某些近期的研究則將介音視為首音(initial onset)的次要特徵(Bao 1990),或是與首音共同形成音串的獨立音段(Duanmu 1990, 2000, 2001)。另外,也有學者認為介音和首音之發音部位習習相關,在音韻的歸屬上是「不確定」的(Wan 1997, 200, 2001)。很明顯地,從這些分岐的意見我們可以得知,直到今日華語介音在漢語音節結構上依然尚未找到一個明確的定位。
本研究一共設計三個實驗來檢驗介音究竟是與聲母或是與韻母組成次音節單位。首先,在先尋實驗(priming experiment)裡,受試者必須對兩組由相同聲母(例如:pjaw55-pje55)或相同韻母(例如:pjaw55-tjaw55
)所組成的測驗項做唸名測驗。從受試者的反應時間我們即可得知介音在臺灣華語中的歸屬。另外,我們重新安排張之玲(2000)的音節縮減實驗來做兩個語言遊戲,要求受試者利用語言直覺將兩個音節縮減成一個音節,並且從受試者對音節的切分方式來推測介音在台灣華語中的屬。
實驗結果顯示,不論是在先尋實驗或是在音節縮減實驗當中,介音隸屬於聲母的說法並未獲得有利的支持。縱然先尋實驗因實驗設計之因素導致後來無法做出確切的結論,但至少其餘的兩個音節縮減實驗皆一致地展現出受試者具有將介音視為韻母一部分的偏好,且不受首音發音部位特徵及介音本身類型的影響。此外,在分析語料的過程當中,我們亦發現到三個左右受試者答案的因素:一為介音保留策略,二為字頻效應,再者為近期效應(recency effect)。而這些外在因素,常使得受試者的答案出現介音屬聲母的現象。

The phonological status of prevocalic glides in Chinese has been a controversial issue for a long time. Conventionally, the prevocalic glide is regarded as part of the rhyme (Cheng 1973; Lin 1989) in contrast to the recent studies viewing the on-glide as a secondary articulation feature of the preceding consonant (Duanmu 1990, 2000, 2001), or an independent segment of the onset cluster (Bao 1990). Alternatively, the prevocalic glide is considered ‘indeterminate’ relying on the place of articulation of initial consonant (Wan 1997, 1999, 2001). It appears that the prevocalic glide in Chinese has not been clearly identified judged by these contradictory points of view.
In the current study, three experiments were conducted to examine whether the prevocalic glide forms a sub-syllabic unit with the rime or the onset. First, in the priming experiment, participants named primes and targets that shared the same onsets (e.g. pjaw55-pje55) or shared the same rime (e.g. pjaw55-tjaw55). Second, in the two syllable-contraction experiments replicating Chang (2000), participants were asked to blend two syllables into one by intuition (e.g. kwan21 tsHaj21à kaj21/ kwaj21).
As a result, the statement that the prevocalic glide belongs to the onset was not supported no matter in the priming experiment or in the syllable-contraction experiments. Even though there were some confounding factors leading the priming experiment not to make any solid claim, our findings of the syllable-contraction experiments were still in agreement with the traditional analyses. The outcome showed a preference for the “rime” answers irrespective of the place of articulation of initial consonant or the type of prevocalic glide. In addition, we also found that some factors such as the glide preservation strategy, the frequency effect and the recency effect had influences on the outputs, changing the phonological status of prevocalic glides from rhyme to onset.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHINESE ABSTRACT………………………………………………i
ENGLISH ABSTRACT………………………………………………iii
ACKNOLOWELDEEMENTS……………………………………………v
TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………… vi
LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………ix
LIST OF FIGURES……………………………………………… x
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION……………………………………1
1.1 Background of the Study…………………………… 1
1.2 Purposes of the Study……………………………… 2
1.3 Significance of the Study………………………… 2
1.4 Organization of the Study………………………… 3
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW…………………………… 4
2.1 Researches on Chinese Prevocalic Glide.………4
2.1.1 Traditional Analysis.……………………… 4
2.1.2 Duanmu San……….…………………………… 5
2.1.3 Bao Zhming…………………………………… 7
2.1.4 Wan I-Ping…………………………………… 10
2.2 Researches on Word Games…………………………11
2.3 Summary……………….………………………………13
CHAPTER THREE: EXPERIMENT I
THE PRIMING EXPERIMENT……………………………….………15
3.1 Phonological Encoding…………….……………… 15
3.2 The Priming Experiment………...…………………18
3.2.1 Subjects….…………………….………………18
3.2.2 Stimulus Materials………….……………… 18
3.2.3 Experimental Design……..…….………… 21
3.2.4 Instruments and Procedures…...………… 21
3.2.5 Results and Discussions……….……………22
3.3 Summary.………………………………………………26
CHAPTER FOUR: EXPERIMENT II AND III
THE SYLLABLE-CONTRACTION EXPERIMENTS…………………....28
4.1 Experiment II…………………………………………28
4.1.1 Subjects…….………………………………… 28
4.1.2 Stimulus Materials..……….……………… 28
4.1.3 Experimental Design……….…………………30
4.1.4 Instruments and Procedures….….…………32
4.1.5 Results and Discussions…….………………33
4.1.6 Summary…………………….……………………38
4.2 Experiment III……………….……………………… 38
4.2.1 Subjects……………….……………………… 39
4.2.2 Stimulus Materials..….…………………… 39
4.2.3 Experimental Design….………………………40
4.2.4 Instruments and Procedures...…………… 41
4.2.5 Results and Discussions…….………………41
4.2.6 Summary…………………….…………………. 45
4.3 General Discussions..……………….………………45
CHPATER FIVE: CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION…..……………48
5.1 Conclusions of the Study.…….……….………… 48
5.2 Limitations of the Study…….……….……………50
5.3 Suggestions for Further Researches.…..……… 50

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