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研究生:張俊霖
研究生(外文):Chang, Louis, Chun-Lin
論文名稱:交流電漿顯示器條紋現象之研究
論文名稱(外文):Striation Phenomenon in the AC Plasma Display Panel Cell
指導教授:柳克強林滄浪
指導教授(外文):Leou Keh-ChyangLin Tsan-Lang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工程與系統科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:核子工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:275
中文關鍵詞:電漿顯示器條紋現象影像增強型CCD維持電壓波形空間與時間變化光電倍增管光譜儀近紅外光
外文關鍵詞:Plasma Display Panel(PDP)Near IRStriationIntensifed-CCD(ICCD)SpectrometorSustain PulseSpatial and temporalPMT
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:242
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:25
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文為了探討交流電漿顯示器條紋現象(Striations)的物理機制,作了第一階段的系統建立與初步光電量測。首先建立Intensified- CCD量測系統來作光譜與影像量測,藉以觀察不同電壓波形參數下,條紋現象隨空間與時間的變化情形,並搭配現有的光譜儀與光電倍增管量測系統、電壓探針與電流探針來量測氣體放電時光強度、影像、驅動電壓與放電電流隨時間變化的情形。
實驗結果顯示,在K.Yoshikawa等發展的驅動波形架構下,維持電壓脈衝的振幅與頻率提高,放電電流與光強度增強且起始時間縮短,維持電壓上升時間越長,放電電流與光強度減弱且起始時間增加;其中Intensified-CCD光譜量測在時間解析上能力較佳。而在影像量測上也為上述實驗提供空間上解析,並發現波形變化會影響電極表面的壁電荷分佈情形,使得氣體放電影像在圖形與兩電極間光強度的分佈會有所差異。
最後建立高真空系統與加熱機制,並成功點燃直流放電管且發現正極區中的條紋現象;唯有依相似定律(Similarity law)來研製的大尺寸電漿顯示器(Macro-PDP cell)尚未驅動成功,留待後人於第二階段實驗中再深入研究,如此即可簡單地改變面板結構參數,並將量測結果與實際電漿顯示器作比較。
For studying the physics of striation phenomenon in the AC plasma display panel cell (PDP), we achieve to establish the experimental system and the optoelectronic measurements for the first step. We establish the intensified-CCD system (ICCD) to measure the temporal spectrum, spatial and temporal image acquisition with different driving waveforms for studying the images of striations. With the spectroscopy, photomulti- tube(PMT) system, voltage probe and current probe, we can observe the light intensity, image, voltage and current of gas discharges with time variation at the same time.
The experimental results show that under the driving waveforms developed by K.Yoshikawa et al., if the voltage and frequency of sustain pulse increases, the discharge current and light intensity grows but the initial time is faster; if the rising time of sustain voltage increases, the discharge current and light intensity decay but the initial time is slower. We also found that the intensified-CCD has excellent performance of temporal analysis. About the image acquisition, the distribution of wall charges on the electrode surface changes by variation of driving waveforms and the patterns of discharge images and the distribution of light intensity above the surface of the sustain electrodes will have some different results.
Finally we establish the high vacuum system and heating system, and then succeed in firing DC gas discharge tube and found the striations in the positive column. It is a pity that the macro-PDP cell ruled by similarity law hasn’t been fired successfully, and need to be research in advance at the second step. If we could succeed in macro-PDP cell, we can change the parameters of panel structures and gas cheaply and simply, and compare with the difference between the macro-PDP cell and real PDP production.
目錄
摘要(中文)…………………………………………………………….….I
摘要(英文)……………………………………………………………….II
致謝……………………………………………………………………..III
目錄…………………………………….………………………………..IV
圖目錄………………………………………………………………...VIII
表目錄………………………………………………………….…....XXXV
第一章 導論…………………………………………………………… 1
第二章 基本原理……………………………………………………….6
2.1 交流電漿顯示器內部結構………………………………...……...6
2.2 條紋現象……………………………………….…………………...9
2.2.1 直流氣體放電管的正極區條紋現象………………………....9
2.2.2 交流電漿顯示器的維持電極表面條紋現象………………...23
2.2.3 Intensified-CCD量測方法………………………..…….…...33
2.4 相似定律下大尺寸電漿顯示器面板…..………………………...46
第三章 實驗裝置及方法………………………………………………..54
3.1 電漿顯示器驅動電路系統……………………..……………..54
3.2 電漿顯示器面板………..…………...……………………….59
3.3光與電壓電流探針量測系統…………………………...………61
3.4 Intensified-CCD量測系統..………………………………….67
3.5 高真空系統…………………………….....………………….78
第四章 實驗結果與討論………………………………………………..82
4.1 電漿顯示器光譜測定…………………………………………..89
4.2 維持脈衝波形對氣體放電之時間解析研究……..………....96
4.2.1 維持脈衝波形電壓對氣體放電影響之研究…………...103
4.2.2 維持脈衝波形頻率對氣體放電影響之研究………..….107
4.2.3 維持脈衝波形電壓上升時間對氣體放電影響之研究........117
4.3 維持脈衝波形對氣體放電之空間與時間解析研究………...123
4.3.1 維持脈衝波形電壓對氣體放電影像影響之研究………......124
4.3.2 維持脈衝波形頻率對氣體放電影像影響之研究………......129
4.3.3 維持脈衝電壓上升時間對氣體放電影像影響之研究…......136
4.3.4 維持脈衝下電極電位對氣體放電影像影響之研究……......144
4.3.5維持電極上不同電位變化對氣體放電影像影響之研究.......150
4.3.6 寫入電極加上正偏壓時對氣體放電影像影響之研究…......166
4.3.7 自我清除放電在不同波形下的氣體放電影像…………......182
第五章 結論…………………………………………………………...188
5.1 結論……………………………………………………………....188
5.2 未來待改進事項………………………………………………....190
參考文獻………………………………………………………………..192
附錄A 氣體放電原理………………………………………………....199
A.1歷史回顧………………………………………………………...199
A.2氣體放電的基本光電特性…………………………...………..204
A.2.1 直流氣體放電的電壓電流特性…………………………..204
A.2.2 氣體放電限制電流方式…………………………………..208
A.2.3 氣體放電記憶效應………………………………………..210
A.3 正常輝光放電物理特性…...…………………………..……...217
A.3.1 正常輝光放電發光區域空間特性………………………..217
A.3.2 電漿顯示器發光操作原理………………………………..221
A.4 氣體放電物理特徵反應……………………………………....224
.A.4.1 氣體成份對電漿顯示器輝光放電的影響……………….225
.A.4.2 電漿顯示器中電漿化學反應及其放射光譜…..……...227
附錄B 重要儀器設計圖稿…………………………………………....238
附錄C Matlab影像處理程式碼………………………..…………...250
附錄D 改裝顯微成像鏡頭過程計算………………………………....252
D.1 影像擷取軟體與後端影像處理方式測試………………...252
D.2 加裝成像鏡頭量測之測試………………………………...259
附錄E 光偵檢器的Q.E.值對照表…………………………………....270
附錄F 高真空系統初步成果…………………………………..……..272
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