跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.171.74) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/12 08:17
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:郭淑妙
論文名稱:台灣產毛茛屬植物之分類研究
論文名稱(外文):A Taxonomic Study of Ranunculus L. Taiwan
指導教授:王震哲楊宗愈楊宗愈引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:生物研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:台灣毛茛屬花粉型態細胞分類
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:449
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:86
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文利用外部形態、花粉形態、細胞學及生態地理分布等資料,針對台灣產毛茛屬(Ranunculus L.)植物進行分類研究。結果將本屬植物處理為13個分類群,包括一新紀錄種:茴茴蒜(R. chinensis Bunge)。和Yang & Huang (1996)之訂正差別如下:將鉤柱毛茛(R. silerifolius Lév.)從揚子毛茛(R. sieboldii Miq.)劃分出來;將長柄毛茛的學名R. morii Ohwi依據優先權原則更名為R. taizanensis Yamamoto,並將R. taiwanensis Liu & Lu處理為其異名。
在外部形態方面,聚合果與瘦果形態是區分台灣產本屬植物的重要特徵。植株的生長模式、植株被毛、葉形、花瓣形狀、蜜腺類型等特徵亦有助於分類群的鑑定。花粉形態可區分為:三溝型(tricolpate)和多溝型(polycolpate)兩種,花粉大小及表面紋飾有微小的種間差異,可作為部分類群分類之佐證。細胞學研究共檢視10個分類群的染色體數目,其中掌葉毛茛(R. cheirophyllus Hayata) n=16、蓬萊毛茛(R. formosa-montanus Ohwi) n=8、南湖毛茛(R. nankotaizanus Ohwi) n=8與揚子毛茛(R. sieboldii Miq.) n=16、鹿場毛茛(R. taisanensis Hayata) n=8為首次報導。生態及地理分布方面,台灣特有的六個分類群都集中在中海拔以上的山區,其中南湖毛茛與長柄毛茛分布極為侷限;非台灣特有的七種類群則分布在中海拔以下。
The genus Ranunculus (Ranunculaceae) in Taiwan is taxonomically revised based on morphological, palynological, cytotaxonomic, phytogeographical, and ecological studies. Thirteen species of the genus, including a new record (Ranunculus chinensis Bunge) are recognized. This treatment differs from the Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed. in the following: R. silerifolius Lév. which was previously reduced to R. sieboldii Miq., are now treated as distinct. Ranunculus morii Ohwi and R. taiwanensis Liu & Lu are treated as a synonym of R. taizanensis Yamamoto.
Morphology of aggregated fruit and achenes are valuable characters for the classification within the genus in Taiwan. Besides, branching types, vesture, morphology of leaves and petals, and nectary types also provide useful information. Pollen morphology can be devided into two types: tricolpate and polycolpate. Pollen size and exine sculpture show little interspecific difference. Observation of the meiotic chromosome numbers of 10 Taiwanese species reveals some variation among species. The chromosome numbers of R. cheirophyllus Hayata (n=16), R. formosa-montanus Ohwi (n=8), R. nankotaizanus Ohwi (n=8), R. sieboldii Miquel (n=16), and R. taisanensis Hayata (n=8) are determined for the first time. Six endemic species distribute in altitude above 2000 m, seven non-endemic species distribute below 2000 m. Some species , such as R. nankotaizanus Ohwi and R. taizanensis Yamamoto have very narrow range of distribution.
目次
附表目次……….……………………..…………………………….II
附圖目次……………..………….…………………………………III
中文摘要…………………..…….………………………….……...IV
英文摘要………….………...…………………………………….…V
壹、前言………………………..…..………………….1
貳、材料與方法…………………………………….…..8
參、形態特徵……….….……….………..….……..11
肆、花粉形態…………………….….………………….37
伍、細胞分類…………………..…………..………….48
陸、生態及地理分布………………………………..….54
柒、分類處理…………..…….…………..……………66
捌、參考文獻………….………………………….……124
洪德元. 1990. 植物細胞分類學. pp. 1-22, 309, 376-382. 科學出版社.
蔡滿雄. 1972. 台灣毛茛科之訂正. 國立台灣大學森林研究所碩士論文.
劉亮. 1980. 毛茛屬. 中國植物志. 中國科學院中國植物志編輯委員會. 第28卷. pp. 255-331. 科學出版社.
Benson, L. 1940. The North American subdivisions of Ranunculus. Am. J. Bot. 27: 799-807.
Bir, S. S. and M. Sidhu. 1979. Cytological observations in weed flora of orchards of Paticla district, Punjab. Recent Res. Pl. Sci. (New Delhi) 7: 261-271. (*)
Bir, S. S. and H. Thakur. 1984. SOCGI plant chromosome number reports-II. J. Cyt. Genet. 19: 114-115. (**)
Chuang, T. I., C. Y. Chao, W. W. L. Hu, and S. C. Kwan. 1962. Chromosome numbers of vascular plants of Taiwan I. Taiwania 8: 51-67.
Dahlgren, G. 1992. Ranunculus subgenus Batrachium on the Aegean Islands and adjacent areas: nectary types and breeding system. Nord. J. Bot. 12(3): 299-310.
D’Ovidio, R. 1986. Numeri chromosomici per la flora Italiana: 1011-1021. Inform. Bot. Ital. 16: 251-260.
Erdtman, G. 1952. Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy: Angiosperm. pp. 50-51. Alimguist and Wikseiis, Uppsala.
Fujishima, H. 1980. Cytological study of R. sieboldii Miq. La Kromosomo II 20: 565-573.
Fujishima, H. 1983. Karyological and biogeographical studies of Ranunculus silerifolius Lév. from Tottori prefecture. J. Fac. Edu. Tottori Univ. Nat. Sci. 32: 31-37.
Fujishima, H. 1984a. Karyotype variations of R. cantoniensis DC. from Japan. La Kromosomo II 35-36: 1101-1110.
Fujishima, H. 1984b. Cytogenetical studies of F1 hybrids between R. cantoniensis DC. and R. silerifolius Lév. Jap. J. Genet. 59: 205-214.
Fujishima, H. 1985. Cytological studies on two varieties of Ranunculus silerifolius Lév. in Jap. J. Genet. 60: 215-224.
Fujishima, H. 1988. Cytogenetical studies on the karyotype differentiation in Ranunculus silerifolius Léveilleé. J. Fac. Educ. Tottori Univ., Nat. Sci. 37: 33-90.
Hayata, B. 1911a. Icones Plantarum Formosanarum. Vol. 1. pp. 26-29. Bureau of Foresty. Taihoku (Taipei), Taiwan.
Hayata, B. 1911b. Ranunculus. J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. 30: 19-21.
Hayata, B. 1913. Icones Plantarum Formosanarum. Vol. 3. pp. 7-9. Bureau of Foresty. Taihoku (Taipei), Taiwan.
Hemseley, W. B. and F. B. Forbes. 1886. An enumeration of all the plants known from China proper, Formosa, Hainan, Corea, the Luchu Archipelago, and the Island of Honkong, together with their distribution and synonymy. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 26: 16.
Henry, A. 1896. A list of plants from Formosa.Trans. Asiat. Soc. Jap. 24. suppl.:14.
Hsu. C. C. 1968. Preliminary chromosome studies on the vascular plants of Taiwan (II). Taiwania 14(1): 11-27.
Huang, S. H. 1960. Preliminary notes on the Ranunculaceae of Taiwan (Formosa) China. Bull. Natl. Taiwan Normal Univ. 5: 1-68.
Huang, T. C. 1972. Pollen Flora of Taiwan. pp.1-8, 191, pl. 125. Botany Dept. Press. NTU. Taipei.
Huang, T. C., C. F. Hsieh, S. F. Huang, and S. Y. Yang. 1993. Location in Taiwan from specimens of TAI Herbarium before 1945. Ann. Taiwan Mus. 36: 117-174.
Kapoor, B. M. 1981. Karyomorphological studies in some species of Ranunculus. Phyton 41: 153-164.
Krasnikov, A. A. and D. N. Schaulo. 1986. Chromosome numbers of some representatives of the families Apiaceae and Ranunculaceae from the south of Siberia. Bot. Žurn. 71: 115-116. (***)
Kudo, Y. and G. Masamune. 1932. Genera plantarum Formosanum. Ann. Rep. Taihoku Bot. Gard. 2. p. 78.
Kumazawa, M. 1936. Pollen grain morphology in Ranunculaceae, Lardizabalaceae and Berberidaceae. Jap. J. Bot. 8: 19-46.
Langlet, O. 1932. Über Chromosomeneverhaltnisse und Systematik der Ranunculaceae. Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 26: 381-400.
Lanjouw, L. 1935. International Rules of Botanical Nomenclature: Adopted by the International Botanical Congress of Cambridge, 1930. pp. 1-26.
Liu, T. S. and C. F. Hsieh. 1976. Ranunculus. In H. L. Li et al. (eds.), Flora of Taiwan. Vol. 2. pp. 498-509. Epoch. Publ. Co. Taipei.
Liu, Y. C. and F. Y. Lu 1978. Contributions to the dicotyledonous plant of Taiwan. Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 11(3): 108.
Löve A. and D. Löve, 1982. In IOPB chromosome number reports LXXIV. Taxon 31: 120-126.
Masamune, G. 1930. Contribution to our knowledge of the flora of the southern part of Japan. I. J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 2: 48.
Masamune, G. 1934. On some noteworthy plants from the island of Formosa. J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 6: 570.
Masamune, G. 1954. Ranunculus. A List of Vascular Plants of Taiwan. pp. 53-54.
Nishikawa, T. 1985. Chromosome counts of flowering plants of Hokkaido (9). J. Hokkaido Univ. Educ., Sect. 2B. 37: 5-17. (**)
Ohwi, J. 1933. Symbolae ad Floram Asiae Orientalis. Acta Phytotax. Geobot 2(3): 154-155.
Ohwi, J. 1936. Plantæ novæ Japonicæ. J. Jap. Bot. 12(5): 333.
Okada, H. 1984a. Chromosome counts of some plants collected from W. Sumatra. Forest Ecology and Flora of G. Gadut, West Sumatra. pp. 89-90.
Okada, H. 1984b. Polyphyletic allopolypoloid origin of R. cantoniensis (4x) from R. silerifolius (2x) x R. chinensis (2x). Pl. Syst. Evol. 148: 89-102.
Okada, H. 1989. Cytogenetical changes of offsprings from the induced tetraploid hybrid between Ranunculus silerifolius (2n=16) and R. chinensis (2n=16) (Ranunculaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 167: 129-136.
Okada, H. and M. Tamura. 1977. Chromosome variations in Ranunculus quelpaertensis and its allied species. J. Jap. Bot. 52(12): 8-17.
Okada, H. and M. Tamura. 1979. Karyomorphology and relationship in the Ranunculaceae. J. Jap. Bot. 54: 65-77.
Probatova, N. S. and A. P. Sokolovskaya. 1984. Chromosome numbers in the families Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Orchidaceae, Ranunculaceae, Vitaceae from the Soviet Far East. Bot. Žurn. SSSR. 69(11): 1566-1568. (**)
Rudyka, E. G. 1984. Chromosome numbers in vascular plants from the southern part of the Soviet Far East. Bot. Žurn. SSSR. 69(12): 1699-1700. (**)
Sidhu, M. K. 1979. Distrbutional and Cytological studies of weed flora of cultivable lands of Paticla district (Punjab). Ph. D. Thesis, Paticla. pp. 1-230.
Shimabuku, K. 1997. In K. Shimabuku (eds.), Check List Vasc. Fl. Ryukyu Islands. pp. 184-185. Kyushu University Press.
Sokolovskaya, A. P., N. S. Probatova, and E. G. Rudyka. 1989. Chromosome numbers in some species of the flora of the Soviet for east from the families Actinidaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Fabaceae, Ranunculaceae, Saxifragaceae. Bot. Žurn. 74: 268-271. (****)
Strid, A. and R. Franzen. 1981. In chromosome number reports LXXIII. Taxon 30: 829-842.
Tamura, M. 1963. Morphology Ecology and Phylogeny of the Ranunculaceae II. Science Reports. Osaka Univ. 12(2): 140-156.
Tamura, M. 1965. Morphology Ecology and Phylogeny of the Ranunculaceae IV. Science Reports. Osaka Univ. 14(1): 53-71.
Tamura, M. 1988. Subdivision of Ranunculus silerifolius Lév. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 39: 93.
Tamura, M. 1993. Ranunculaceae. In K. Kubitski, J. G. Rohwer, and V. Bittrich (eds.), The Families and Genera of the Vascular Plants: Flowering Plants-Dicotyledons. Vol. 2. pp. 563-583, Springer- Verlag, Berlin.
Tanaka R. and K. Taniguchi. 1975. A banding method for plant chromosomes. Jap. J. Genet. 50: 163-167.
Tutin, T. G. 1964. Ranunculus. In Tutin, T. G. et al. (eds.), Flora Europea. Vol. 1. pp. 223-238. Cambridge University Press.
Wang, W. T., D. Fu, L. Q. Li, B. Bartholomew, A. R. Brach, B. E. Dutton, M. G. Gilbert, Y. Kadota, O. R. Robinson, M. Tamura, M. J. Warnock, G. H. Zhu, and S. N. Ziman, 2001. Ranunculus. In Wu, Z. Y. and P. H. Raven (eds.), Flora of China. Vol. 6. pp. 392-432. Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
Yamamoto, Y. 1927. Supplementa Iconum Plantarum Formosanarum. Vol. 3. pp. 26-32. Taihoku, Dept. of Forestry Press.
Yamamoto, Y. 1932. Observationes ad Floram Formosanam. III. J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 4(2): 188.
Yang, T. Y. and T. C. Huang. 1996a. Additional Remarks on Ranunculaceae in Taiwan (6)-Some genera in Taiwan. Taiwania 41(2): 129-149.
Yang, T. Y. and T. C. Huang. 1996b. Ranunculus. In T. C. Huang et al. (eds.), Flora of Taiwan. Vol. 2. pp. 549-565. Editorial committee of the Flora of Taiwan.
Yeau, S. H. 1978. A study on the variation of Ranunculus japonicus complex at different altitudes on Halla Mountain. J. Korean Pl. Taxon. 8: 33-41.(*****)
(*) cited from
Goldblatt, P. and D. E. Johnson. 1984. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1979-1981. p. 329. Missouri Botanical Garden. USA.
(**) cited from
Goldblatt, P. and D. E. Johnson. 1988. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1984-1985. pp. 189-190. Missouri Botanical Garden. USA.
(***) cited from
Goldblatt, P. and D. E. Johnson. 1990. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1986-1987. p. 165. Missouri Botanical Garden. USA.
(****) cited from
Goldblatt, P. and D. E. Johnson. 1991. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1988-1989. pp. 168-170. Missouri Botanical Garden. USA.
(*****) cited from
Goldblatt, P. and D. E. Johnson. 1981. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1975-1978. pp. 433-434. Missouri Botanical Garden. USA.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top